Discover An Environmentally Friendly Way Of Buying A Greetings Card
It is thought that using recycled paper and card is beneficial for the environment, some greetings cards are produced using partially or all recycled materials, however, during this process many chemicals are used to bleach the card to a commercially attractive white, and also there is the journey this recycled card makes around the globe before ending up on the shelf of a high street store.
Billions of tonnes of recycled card, and finished greetings cards, are produced in Eastern countries, and is shipped in containers across the seas to the UK, belching out C02 into the atmosphere as the boats that are used burn fossil fuel. The majority of these vessels are decades old, and were not built in a time of environmental conscience, so they are not efficient and run on the planet’s dwindling fossil fuels.
The greetings cards and recycled paper pulp to make greetings cards arrive in the UK in containers and are then offloaded onto diesel lorries. The greetings cards are driven the length and the breadth of the UK to distribution depots, which unpack the containers, and reload onto vans and lorries to distribute to high street shops and supermarkets.
In the UK we send on average 55 cards per person per year. That’s a lot of cards. The most popular annual occasions being Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day and Fathers Day, when these dates pass, the cards are taken off the shelves. Many stores are on a sale or return agreement, so back to the East they go, packed back into containers, and returned to the recycling plant, and the cycle starts all over again.
Consider the benefits of buying FSC accredited card, from sustainable sources, where trees are planted and replaced as the felling takes place. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is founded on inclusive and shared responsibility for setting high social, environmental and economic standards for forest management. This type of card arrives in the UK in huge sheets on pallets and is stored when it arrives at a printing company. There is no need for further distribution by road and rail.
The sister company of Funky Pigeon, (Brunel), is FSC accredited; all of the paper, card and packaging that is used is sustainably sourced. The Company is the B2B side of the business, producing and printing hundreds of thousands of personalised calendars and corporate greetings cards every year for companies in the UK.
A websites and technology continually improve, many greetings card orders are taken online. Consumers take advantage of software that enables consumers to personalise a card, as opposed to a mass-produced card on a rack in a store with the same stock design. Personalisation has reached new levels, with photo upload, and image manipulation allowing any text to appear in thousands of designs on file. In this way the consumer has the freedom to create a keepsake card which is unique to them.
When the order is placed, the design is sent to the printers that print to order. Sheets are printed, cut and folded, and best of all, no waste is produced. The card is then sent direct to the recipient using the UK’s most efficient postal service, the Royal Mail.
So, the next time you are browsing a greetings card in a high street shop, take a moment to consider whether you would benefit from using an online personalised greetings card company like www.funkypigeon.com. This website has a print on demand ordering system producing personalised cards, posters and calendars which are environmentally friendly and also offer the consumer total control when designing a card online.
Nina Greaves – serial internet shopper and online addict
Packaging boxes are mostly used in order to pack the eatable items. Besides, they can be used to cover hardware and software products. They are trendy yet cost effective way of marketing printing products. They not only help in your products packaging but also promote your business identity development in a positive manner. Their design, indeed, is trendy and versatile to catch the eyes of general public immediately. Online packaging boxes printing company is providing cheap packaging box printing services to its valued customers worldwide in a professional manner.
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Eco-friendly fashion is a hot trend. And you don’t have to sacrifice style or pay an arm and a leg to get eco-friendly trendy clothes. In this article we will talk about what is eco-friendly fashion, some eco-friendly fashion trends and designers that are offering stylish and affordable eco-friendly fashion clothing.
Different people define eco-friendly fashion differently but some of the key elements to eco-friendly fashion are materials and processes used by designers and manufacturers that are friendly to you and the earth. This may include materials such as organic cotton, bamboo, flax and hemp, among others that are biodegradable. Or use of processes that are organically safe and eco-friendly. For example, organic cotton production processes do not use pesticides that can harm your health or the planet’s health. Eco-friendly fashion trends also include packaging that is eco-friendly.
The benefits of eco-friendly fashion are not only long term value to the environment but it could have short-term health value to the user. Conventional clothing dyes and garment finishes can cause a wide variety of health problems from skin rashes, headaches, nausea and fatigue. Symptoms could include red cheeks and ears, dark circles under the eye and learning or behavior problems.
What’s hot in eco-friendly fashion? Use of eco-friendly silk, organic cotton and bamboo is hot. Although what gets branded as organic and ethical for silk depends on the type of silkworm used, and whether the silk-worm is killed as a by-product of the harvesting. Increasingly eco-friendly fashion designers are using natural color cottons, wools and other material to create outfits or vegetable dyes that are safer to make and use. Bamboo organic fabric is becoming quite trendy. Clothing made of bamboo organic fibers are robust and durable as denim even as it is soft and smooth as fine silk. Bamboo organic clothing can provide other benefits such as removing moisture and bacteria from the skin.
Talking about eco-friendly designers, Shubrah Designs at shubrah.com is solely focused on eco-friendly fashions. Designer Shubhra Chandra seeks to blend east and west seamlessly into a trendy line of casual tees and evening looks. She believes in natural fabrics and responsible and sustainable business practices.
Natalie Portman has teamed up with Tony Shoe Line to create designer shoes made of alternative materials. As she says, “This collection offers a great selection without compromising quality or style”. Stella McCartney has created a collection called “Green Collection” using only organic materials. She also tries to use eco-friendly material and processes throughout her various collections.
All-in-all, eco-friendly fashion trends are becoming more mainstream with each passing day. Countless haute couture designers are already successfully incorporating eco-friendly designs into their catwalk shows and my bet is that this trend is here to stay.
To know more about various eco-friendly designers, please search for eco friendly fashion online! You can find more details on Shubrah Designs at www.shubrah.com and you can read her blog at http://shubrah.blogspot.com/.
Lisa Seth has been involved with the apparel industry for last few years. Organic clothing is an exciting part of the apparel industry and is being promoted because it’s our responsibility to use & promote environmental friendly clothing range.
No matter if you are a seasoned online entrepreneur or a novice, utilizing the various web marketing tools that are available is paramount in creating a sustainable business presence and thus, a sustainable income. Fortunately, there are several tools to use and many ways in which you can go about obtaining them.
Free Web Marketing Tools
The easiest and most accessible marketing tools that one can utilize in their online business endeavors are social networking sites such as Twitter, Facebook, or My Space. These sites can not only let you create contacts with others in your niche, but also build a clientele as well. Anyone who is interested in your product or service will be able to find you with ease when on any of these social sites. The key here is to create meaningful and knowledge-filled content about your niche so people see you as a leader in your field and trust your word.
Another free marketing tool is to create a press release with a newsworthy story about your product or an event that is going on in your niche. This will draw attention to your site and clients as well. To supplement this tool, why not create and give away a free e-book to all those who sign up on your site? This will entice people to look deeper into your product or service.
If you are a good writer, you can always create articles that are full of targeted keywords and submit them to article directory sites. People peruse these sites every day looking for more new information about how to make money. As long as your content is relevant and meaningful, as well as well written, you can create quite a following.
For those who are seeking to supplement these free web marketing tools, there are always companies out there that specialize in implementing marketing tools into in order to get businesses the traffic and rankings they desire. More than likely, you will have to buy a package deal, which you may opt to renew or not after the initial work is done. This can be beneficial, especially since such companies usually have extensive knowledge on how best to get you ranked.
If you would rather not go with a company, there are plenty of software options that can do the same thing and promise to give you and your business the same results as the online marketing companies. Whether or not your chosen software will be successful at getting you the results that you want is really a crap shoot.
Some software products work well for certain clients but not so well for others. Much of this has to do with your niche, how competitive it is, and how well you keep up with the trends. The best choice regarding which web marketing tool you select is entirely up to you, but most successful entrepreneurs will use several tools to achieve results.
Whether you are a seasoned online entrepreneur or are just starting out, Jason Green can lend you his expertise and guide you on the path to a secure financial online future. With continued education, customer support, and proper tools taught to you by Jason, you too can conquer the Internet world and make a solid income doing so. Just visit www.gemhomebusiness.com to start putting his knowledge to work for you.
Plant-based packaging, designed to serve the same function as traditional plastics is being celebrated as a means of substituting petroleum as the central ingredient in creating plastic. Since their debut at the U.N. Copenhagen Climate Conference in 2009, an excess of 2.5 billion of these plant infused bottles have been and continue to be circulated world-wide. The Plant Bottle, a product of the Coca-Cola Co. is created by fermenting ethanol from Brazilian sugar-cane. This is the same method employed in creating the earlier plastics that posed less of a threat to the environment.
The most recent developments are as could be expected, more advanced in their design, specifically engineered to hold carbonation where earlier prototypes allowed it to escape through cell walls. Still, this is only the beginning for plant based plastics or biopolymers described as “the next generation of plastic” by Marc Verbruggen the president and CEO of Nature Works. Eventually, the goal is to create even more eco-friendly versions of the bottle derived from plant waste like the cellulose in the leaves and stems of sugarcane.
The necessity of maximizing production efficiency will continue to grow as plant-based plastics become standard. Currently, they inhabit roughly one percent of the total market and have saved an estimated 70,000 barrels of oil. This figure is impressive from a fossil fuel saving stand-point but the other side of production still needs improvement. On a long enough timeline, the application of the sugar-cane to plastic production could have an effect on the food supply, but that moment is considerably down the road. Until then, alternatives are being explored. Frederic Scheer and his company Cereplast (CERP), for instance intends to introduce an algae-based bioplastic to the market by the close of this year, thereby distributing the environmental impact of current starch-based biopolymers. Cereplast already successfully markets a traditional bioplastic but recognizes the need for options that will help detract from the effect on food supply.
“You cannot have access to farmland without creating pressures on the food system,” he says. Still if companies engage in effective product research and explore a variety of alternative plastics it will still be less detrimental to the environment and present resources than traditional plastics. Scheer makes a point of noting that in addition to sugar and algae, residue from government-mandated production of corn-based ethanol can also be employed in plant-based plastic production.
With all the options, “it makes no sense,” he says of the current status quo. “It takes 77 million years to make fossil fuels and 45 minutes to use as a coffee cup.” @import url(/common_scripts/css/styles.css);@import url(/templates/wmmcapital/css/styles.css);
WorldMarketMedia.com (The Global Online Investment Community) is a high traffic stock market, news data website providing cutting edge new media products and services to publicly traded companies worldwide. Our Editor’s Desk authors insightful real-time coverage on the economy, the capital markets and their listed companies.
I have recently relocated to the city of Knoxville, Tennessee and have been pleasantly startled by the extent of the consideration towards environmental friendliness the city has as a whole. Everywhere I look this is evidenced – just the other day I was driving and noticed a message stating “This vehicle operates on clean biofuel” on the back of a city bus. To see an entire city displaying such environmental awareness and dedication to sustainability is definitely encouraging!
More and more, this is becoming the norm for cities. As their inhabitants are educating themselves on the need to preserve our environment and treat it with care, they come to expect and often demand that the city they live in take steps to do. In the case of Knoxville, trees are planted, biofuels and other clean energy sources are used, public transportation is accessible and convenient, and most of all recycling programs are implemented. This isn’t just exclusive to Knoxville, either. Dozens of cities now offer curbside pickup, and failing that there is still almost always some form of dedicated recycling center in place.
Recycling as a Lifestyle As the scale of the institutions that are now backing eco-friendly living continues to increase, it is becoming increasingly realistic for everyday people to reprioritize and reorganize their lives to do the same. This does not have to be a major upheaval, as simple things like recycling can be the first major steps taken to great benefit, and without the need for inconvenient or uncomfortable changes. Consider what is necessary for recycling:
– You purchase the same products you always purchase, or if you’re ambitious take a little extra time to notice the type of packaging products come in and opt for those that are able to be recycled.
– When it’s time to discard plastic bottles, aluminum cans, cardboard, newspapers and other things, instead you set them aside in bags or boxes tucked away underneath sinks, inside closets or out of the way in the garage.
– If your city offers curbside pickup of recyclable goods then you simply place the bagged recyclables outside with the rest of your trash. If not, then you set aside about an hour (give or take) once a month to bring your collected materials to your local recycling center.
Considerations for Recycling Prior to beginning to collect and separate your recyclables, it is wise to take some time to research the kinds of materials your city’s recycling program can accept. Not all cities are equipped to deal with every kind of material which is able to be recycled. For example, in Clearwater, Florida where I used to live they simply stopped taking glass products altogether. Before you spend extra time washing and storing all these items, check around on your city’s website or get in touch with local officials to find out what is accepted and what is not.
Some cities have independent recycling centers that will still pay you for bringing in certain recyclable goods. The city I lived in before Knoxville, New Tazewell, Tennessee has a center that pays people to bring in aluminum cans or any other kind of scrap metal, big or small.
Recycling is of immeasurable importance as our society, and humanity as a whole, reexamines its priorities and restructures its way of life in order to coexist with the natural balance of things and live sustainable and healthy lives. Like the song says, the old road is rapidly gaining, please get out of the new one if you can’t lend your hand.
CB is a competent generator of net-based facts and an accomplished creative agent, and presently deals with subject matter including JBL Pa Speakers and JBL car speakers.
Like anything else, food packaging has to change with the times in order to remain useful and relevant. What worked back during the 1980s and the 1990s simply doesn’t work today when it comes to packaging supplies. There are a handful of very important areas where changes in this kind of packaging have been the most significant. By exploring each one and taking a more in-depth look at it, we can gain a better understanding about where food packaging is today – and which direction it is heading. If you want your products to sell and be as profitable as possible, you’ve got to keep up with the changing tide in packaging supplies.
The Health Trend –
These days, consumers are very concerned about the healthfulness of their food. To remain competitive with similar products, you will need to use packaging which highlights the products health benefits. Phraseology is very important; you want to ensure that the nutritious benefits of your food is made crystal clear. Otherwise, consumers will pass your product over for one that does promise to bring healthy benefits to the table.
The Increasing Importance Of Convenience –
In years past, many Australians spent the majority of their adult lives surrounded by decently sized families. Most adults lived with their spouses, parents, grandparents, siblings and children for the majority of their adulthood. That’s changed a lot, though. Today, more people than ever before are going it alone. More couples are opting not to have any children, and many professionals choose to live alone instead of getting married or sharing a place with roommates.
Since large groups of people aren’t the norm anymore, individual-sized portions are becoming key in packaging. Products are increasingly expected to be easy to open and resealable whenever possible. People don’t want to waste food, and trends in packaging dictate that smaller definitely is better. Single serving packaging is becoming very commonplace as well, and companies that fail to take that into consideration are going to fall behind the competition.
Premium Quality: More Important Than Ever In Packaging –
As contradictory as it may seem, packaging these days should also aim to highlight the premium quality of the food that it protects. Consumer’s confidence is greatly increased in the quality of the product through the use of impressive and heavy duty packaging materials. Phraseology on the packaging should highlight the luxury nature of the product, and it should appeal to the customer’s demand for top of the line goods. In every way possible, the packaging should enhance the appearance of the product and impart a sense of class and sophistication to the food to make it more palatable to the consumer.
By keeping an eye on the way that food packaging trends are emerging, companies can remain much more competitive. Indeed, packaging suppliers such as Dabron Packaging change their products to many different things. However, it is possible to get an inkling about what’s ahead by looking at what matters the most to consumers today.
BPA Free Drink Bottles are Replacing their Polycarbonate Counterparts
BPA stands for Bisphenol A which is a compound used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. The usage of BPA is not confined to plastic products, but also has a presence in items that range from DVDs to eyeglasses to mobile phones. According to experts, this compound is harmless; however, it can cause serious health problems if it comes in contact with drinks and food items. This compound is also known as the dysfunctional building block of some widely used polymers and polymer additives. It is true that today a large number of people are using drink bottles that contain BPA, however, BPA free drink bottles are increasingly becoming the norm as more and more people become aware of their health advantages.
Experts have conducted test on rats to help people understand the implications of using drink and water bottles that contain BPA. They found that the BPA compound acts as an endocrine disruptor that primarily mimics the rats own hormones, such as oestrogen. As a result, scientists have noticed several adverse biological effects have occurred in the rats, such as possible neurotoxicity, carcinogenic effects and development toxicity. This evidence has lead consumers aware from polycarbonate and aluminium drink bottles towards the next generation of drink bottles, BPA free drink bottles.
The BPA debate has extended to the bottled water industry and has recently become one of the key issues in the largely unregulated industry. Increased awareness of BPA and other potentially harmful chemicals contained in the plastics has also brought light onto the negative impact this industry is having on our environment. With nearly one billion dollars spent each year in Australia on disposable bottled water, there is little wonder people are tending towards the usage of reusable BPA free drink bottles.
Jimmy ParkHigh has been associated with writing on a huge assortment of high quality, environmentally sustainable water bottles. The author has researched the market to provide its users with the information on the great products that can help them maintain their health and wellness.For more information visit on BPA free drink bottles.
You and your baby have spent the past few months settled in a routine of breast or bottle feeding, or maybe a mixture of the two.
You both probably feel quite comfortable with this now, but there comes a time in every baby’s life when she is ready to take her first few mouthfuls of solid food.
This is a big landmark in her development and one about which most parents are proud and apprehensive in equal measure.
Many questions arise about what, when and how to feed the baby from this point on.
The first question is when.
With regards to solids, as with everything else, each baby is unique and the exact timing of the first solid meal varies greatly.
The WHO recommends that babies should be started on their first solids from about 6 months of age, but that may be too early or too late in some cases.
Beware of introducing them before 5 months of age because her digestive system is still undeveloped and it could increase the likelihood of her suffering from allergies.
Signs that indicate your child is ready to start eating
An interest in solid food she sees you and other people eating.
The ability to sit up, either on her own or supported, and to hold up her own head.
Loosing the Extrusion Reflex; in order to be able to keep food in the mouth and swallow it, she must stop pushing it out of her mouth with her tongue.
Starting to develop chewing ability and the ability to control food in her mouth as well as swallow. This is an indication that her digestive system is also becoming ready for solids. She may begin teething at around the same time.
Increased appetite; she may still seem hungry after feeding.
General guidelines for the introduction of solid foods:
Introduce new foods gradually, only one per day
Introduce new foods early in the day so that you can see any bad reactions
Introduce new foods only one or two at a time, which makes it easier to identify the cause of any allergies or reactions. Signs can include diarrhea, a rash, bloated tummy or gas.
Give small amounts, but give as much as baby will eat
Expect certain meals to be eaten and others rejected
Be prepared to introduce new foods take up to 10 times before they are accepted
Feed solids and follow the meal with usual breast milk or formula
Introduce raisins and other small items after she can pick them up herself as by then she should be able to eat them without choking
Keep salt levels to a minimum (see below)
Don’t provide too many sweet foods
Never add solids such as cereals to her bottle, this may cause her to choke
Use a soft edged rubber spoon, being careful not to injure her gums
Look for signs that she is full, such as becoming bored and interested in other things, refusing to open her mouth
How much to offer
Offer as much food as your baby will eat, starting with only a teaspoonful at first and gradually increasing the portions.
Babies that have been exclusively breastfed are used to controlling their nutritional intake and are less likely to over feed than bottle-fed babies.
Begin feeding once a day at any time that is convenient for you
Offer 2 meals a day from about 7 or 8 months and 3 meals a day from about 9 months
Gradually increase the amount and thicken the consistency
Until one year of age, breast milk or formula still forms the main bulk of her nutrition.
Breast milk or formula must continue until at least one year old.
Cow’s milk can be drunk after that. This should be full fat milk until 2 years old.
Fruit and vegetable purees; such as banana, sweet potato, apple, pumpkin, broccoli and carrot; baby rice, oatmeal, bread and rice crackers are excellent first foods
At the beginning they should be very mushy as the baby can only squash them with her tongue before swallowing.
Gradually introduce more fruits and vegetables, bread and other carbohydrates, as well as proteins such as tofu, cheese, egg, fish and finally meat.
Foods to Avoid
Egg white is more likely to provoke allergies than egg yolk, so it is best to wait until a year old before using egg whites or whole eggs.
Oranges and other citrus fruit can cause diarrhea and nappy rash in some babies, especially girls.
Try to avoid processed food where possible.
Honey should be avoided for the first year as it may contain spores that can cause the Infant Botulism
Shellfish, peanuts and peanut butter can be likely to cause allergies if given before one year old
Cow’s milk should not be given before one year old
It is recommended that the salt intake of babies and young children should be kept to a minimum. The British Food Standards Agency has issued salt intake targets for children:
• 0-6 months, less than 1 gram/day
• 7-12 months, 1 gram/day
• 1-3 years, 2 grams/day
• 4-6 years, 3 grams/day
• 7-10 years, 5 grams/day
• 11-14 years, 6 grams/day
If feeding your child or baby the same food as you are to adults, remove her portion before adding salt and other seasonings.
Prepare fruit and vegetable purees, soft rice and other dishes in quantities larger than you need and freeze them.
Ice cube trays are useful for freezing small amounts that can be individually defrosted for single meals.
If you use ready prepared baby food from a jar, put some in a separate dish and heat it.
If you put the baby’s spoon directly into the jar you will have to throw away any uneaten food.
Expect to see changes in your baby’s poo as you introduce solids. They will change in colour, odor and consistency. If she becomes constipated or gassy, try changing to different fruits and vegetables.
Many people advocate ‘Baby-Led Weaning’, which is a system of giving babies food that they can eat by themselves, rather than spoon feeding.
Foods that are cut into easily graspable shapes, such as bread strips and softly cooked carrot sticks and broccoli florets are presented to the baby so that she can suck and chew on them herself.
The idea is that the baby will eat only what she is ready for and able to eat and will, at the same time, learn about foods in their natural forms rather than having everything pureed. It can also help parents to identify any foods that she won’t eat, because foods are presented individually rather than mixed up together.
At the beginning, many babies find it difficult to take in a significant amount of nutrition by this method, but as they are still drinking breast milk or formula, this is not a problem.
What equipment do I need?
Soft plastic spoon
Cloth for wiping up spills
High chair or low chair
Where and when should I feed my baby?
Habits established early on are hard to break so it is best to start as you mean to continue.
Feed your baby in her chair (high or otherwise) and not in front of the television or while she is running around the room.
As far as possible eat together as a family so that she can see and learn correct eating habits by watching everyone else.
Do not make meals into a battleground, if she doesn’t want to eat a certain food or a great deal, don’t push it.
Don’t over feed her. Look for signs that she is full.
Keep her diet well balanced with a mixture of vegetables, carbohydrate and protein.
Avoid fast food for as long as possible and minimise sweet foods
Minimise salt and use fat in moderation
Don’t use food as a bribe or reward
Ruth’s desire be as eco-friendly as possible has lead not only to her using cotton nappies and menstrual cups, but also to her selling them on her website, http://en.redrosebaby.com
Using a homemade tube turkey call I made out of a pill bottle, rubber band, and a rubber glove. Pretty neat way to make a turkey call. It works also and can reproduce every call a wild turkey can make. This one I just made could use a little tuning but would work just the way it sounds. You can also make these using a film container, small plastic spice jars, etc. Like I say this one could use a little bit of tuning which you just tighten the rubber glove or loosen it over the opening. But as is sounds pretty decent and would work. Video Rating: 0 / 5
Discover the Basic Elements Needed in a Home Made Water Filter
Suppose that you are a student in the local Middle School. Suppose that your teacher has asked you to enter a project in the upcoming Science Fair. Unless you are a technical wizard, you do not want to try making a robot. You do not have enough time to observe the growth of plants, plants that have been subjected to different conditions. What should your project be? Fortunately, even those with limited engineering skills can, in a limited amount of time, construct a home made water filter.
Even a crude home designed one can demonstrate the concept behind the most sophisticated home water filter. Even a crude home made water filter can transform muddy, fowl-tasting water into clear, good-tasting water. The construction of a home made water filter offers an advantage not available to a budding scientist who decides to conduct a controlled experiment.
As long as the student/scientist uses the proper materials, the resulting filter should function almost perfectly. Granted, it will not be able to remove any bacteria that might be in the water. Aside from that, a home constructed filter can keep those who depend on that filter supplied with ready access to clean water.
A student who planned to make a crude sort of filter would first need to obtain a plastic bottle, a bottle with a cap that could be punctured. The student would also need a thin tube, such as a straw, cotton, large and small pieces of gravel, and bags of both coarse and fine sand.
At this point the student is almost ready to assemble a crude filter. Three other items should be added to the components in the filter. Those items are a coffee filter, a jar and some muddy water.
A filter must take-in water at one end and release filtered water at the opposite end. The student needs to remove the bottom from the plastic bottle, to insert a straw through a hole in the top of that bottle, and then to invert the entire apparatus (bottle and straw together).
The inverted bottle is inserted in the opening of the jar. Cotton should be the first item in the inverted bottle. On top of the cotton go a layer of fine sand, and then a layer of coarse sand. On top of the sand go a layer of small gravel, and then a layer of large gravel.
The student should cut the coffee filter to fit over the gravel. Once the coffee filter covers the gravel, then the student can pour muddy water into his or her crude filter.
The student has made a functioning home made water filter. That home made water filter should transform muddy water into clear water. Some instructions suggest that cotton does not hold-up well in the crude type of filter described above. Polyester quilt padding can be used in place of cotton.
Moreover, the home made water filter obtained by those who follow the above instructions does not have the ability to remove bacteria from the water. Those who want to drink the filtered water need to add a few drops of chlorine to that water.
There are special media that can be used to remove bacteria from water. In the absence of such media, a student might consider using the type of sponges found in commercial floor scrubbers. A pond enthusiast could thus make a useful home made water filter, one that could remove organic matter.
The pond enthusiast has special needs, needs not found in the typical home. In a typical home, the residents simply want a chance to enjoy clean, pure, great-tasting water. Activated carbon filters with ion exchange and micron filtration are the ideal components for a home filter.
While a home made water filter can never be classed as an ideal filter, it still brings the residents in a home closer to where they want to be. It facilitates the acquisition of water that can keep the residents safe from a majority of unwanted contaminants.
Of course, the ideal water filter, the one with activated carbon, would produce the safest type of drinking water.
Laurel Tevolitz is a dedicated researcher of critical issues that affect health and well-being. Visit her water purification blog now at http://www.safewaterpurifier.com
to discover which water purification system she recommends after extensive research.