Foreign garbage to China re-exports of manufactured toys – plastic toys, toy exports, foreign waste – toy industry

Foreign garbage to China re-exports of manufactured toys – plastic toys, toy exports, foreign waste – toy industry

Recently, in the South East of Felixstowe port, the world’s largest cargo shipped from China, like the tens of thousands of containers of consumer goods Mt.

  The shore, one 30 years ago, visited the British Hong Kong and Guangzhou, said David, meet friends and family when the thought of food, with many of the “Made in China”, Chinese people feel suddenly change and economic forces of globalization. But such a large number of the other side from the Earth to the delivery of consumer goods in Europe, at least from an environmental perspective, there is not much of our planet’s benefit, after all, the transport process can also cause air pollution.

Dialogue was not mentioned, these giant sea from Europe to be driven across the border in China Shique loaded with waste recycling and recovery of waste materials, including the removal from the UK’s main waste plastic. The recycling of waste will be processed in China, toy, plastic packaging products such as computer casings, and then shipped to Europe.

British rubbish coming out Guangdong In less than two months after the dialogue that the shore, the sky influential British television reporter in the pungent smoke of Williams witnessed the British refuse a village in Guangdong “amazing scene” .

Williams made 8 years in the Chinese press, thought that his post-mine had been to China to witness the most terrible pollution, but Guangdong South China Sea where the call even after the discovery of pit, where it worthy of said China’s most polluted places.

Williams back to the UK’s TV reports that waste from the UK, he found a letter from a plastic jacket, and the address on the envelope the letter to find the owner?? A far thousands of miles away in Britain.

The Englishman’s letter to him in distant China was surprised. The waste classification advocates claim to the British, said: “I am speechless, we just do our classification, Who would have thought the end of these waste by those who do not wear gloves, but also those who directly deal with toxic gas inhalation. ”

Reported that the waste plastics is the UK’s main exports to China is one, even the reprocessing of waste pits residents subsistence, can only earn about £ 50 a month, about 750 yuan, the average income of the United Kingdom level of 8%. Children as young as 14-year-old pile of cans in the waste bottle, plastic bags and food bags, and then melted for reuse.

Smelting process appears sharp yellow smoke unbearable. Direct dumping of waste processing plant waste into streams, rivers, causing water to become a pool of Ukrainian town water. Shooting in the town an hour later, reporters and camera crews were feeling the eyes, throat irritation.

40-year-old Xiao-Mei Chen (phonetic) to connect to pit for several months. She said: “You are rich in the United Kingdom, would not do such work,. Us poor, hard to find work, only picking over waste.” Lens, in a waste site, the workers may lead to cancer and in the processing Birth Defects of PVC.

British journalist was found in the waste heap of British Asda, Tesco shopping bags and food packaging, Sainsbury supermarket plastic milk bottle, Cadbury Chocolate packaging and Hang-style pasta bags … …

In even the pits, waste disposal sites and a French and a German household plastic waste disposal sites.

Waste storage pit boss even see the British journalist is not happy, they go all the way H, and even asked to call the police. They fear that if the news spread, waste plastics are loaded ship may elect his office would cut off their source of wealth.

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Bioethanol: How Bioethanol Fits Into The New Environmentally Friendly Industry

Bioethanol: How Bioethanol Fits Into The New Environmentally Friendly Industry

Bioethanol is a fully sustainable energy source that has been extracted from renewable raw materials like starch plants including corn, wheat and cassava, sugar plants including beets and can and some cellulose plants which come from trees. Bioethanol is well burning fuel that does not contain nay harmful particles, is much better than its gasoline counterpart and reduces overall air pollution which is good for the environment.

Bioethanol is being produced through the hydrolysis and sugar fermentation processes. It requires diluted enzymes and sulphuric acids which help to break down the cellulose and hemicelluloses in order to produce sucrose sugar which is in turn fermented into ethanol.

Closely connected to biodiesel, bioethanol is a liquid biofuel and can be added to standard unleaded gasoline at levels of up to 5% and can be used in cars currently on the road. By replacing bioethanol for fossil fuels, emissions from fossil fuels are avoided and Co2 levels are reduced because the biomasses that serve as raw material for bioethanol production require Co2 for growth.

Bioethanol is renewable from plants likes cereals, sugar beets and the like or biomass. Cellulosic ethanol is made from stalks and husks as well as other plant cellulose materials, but it still needs to go through the fermentation process and uses cast-off waste products from food that’s in the process of growth. Cellulosic ethanol is made from the non-food portion of many agricultural wastes like corn stover which is the stalks and residue left post-harvest.

It hasn’t been until very recently that the problem of complex mixtures of sugars in bioethanol fuels that made up these leftover materials could be converted in an efficient manner by bakers yeast. However, Delft University Technology recently came up with a method that solved this problem. It was accomplished by genetically modifying the bakers yeast.

Brazil makes most of its bioethanol from local crops of sugar cane which has been a great material for ethanol fuel production. Half of all cars in Brazil are running on ethanol.

Another process still under development shows great promise. It involves the gasification of biomass combined with catalytic process that leads to the production of bioethanol. It has been making gains and garnering more attention in the United States.

While the gasification to produce bioethanol needs more research, the main reason for its continued popularity is that, it can be easily blended with gasoline in a mixture of 5% bioethanol and 95% gasoline which is suitable for use in cars already on the road today. This can work in cars without modification only with an additive package.

E95 has been designed specifically to be utilized in certain diesel-engine buses which can be easily converted to run on the bioethanol mixture.

Fuel companies will be legally obligated in 2010 to mix five percent bioethanol with 95% gasoline and 5% biodiesel with 95% conventional diesel. While mixes at these levels will cause no damage to existing fuel systems and can run without any adjustments, it will become the standard ingredient in fuel.

Bioethanol production is currently estimated at around 30 million tons per year. Biodiesel fuel is only estimated at 2.5 million tons per year. This is going to increase significantly over the next few years. While the crop chosen depends largely upon prevailing soil and climactic conditions, bioethanol can be produced from nearly any type of crop produced.

As governments strive to be less reliant on foreign oils, sustainable fuels like bioethanol become ever more important for industrialized nations. As in all things, energy security will need to increase in many countries as petroleum exports decrease and pure bioethanol production swings into full gear.

Research and testing has been widespread as mixtures of methanol, water, acidity, phosphorus and sulphur contents to include are tweaked and filtered. These are just some of the impurities that can commonly be found in bioethanol, and maximum limits of these need to be imposed to avoid numerous problems in the automobile using it. Europe already has a standard EN DIN 228 which permits blending of up to 5% with gasoline. This fuel mixture of E5 has been proven to be used in standard engines with no problems.

Current companies involved in bioethanol production and distribution are making strides at creating an infrastructure which can implement the intentions and policies concerning biofuel. In the meantime, all us must remain vigilant about the positive impact of bioethanol and other biofuel, and keep an eye on how it’s expanding. In theory,

Bioethanol is considered to be 100% carbon neutral. this means that every bit of carbon that is burned while using it as fuel can eventually be recycled back into the next crop of vegetables as they grow. While this is great in theory, it has quite been clarified as to how this can be implemented in practice. There are additional carbon costs such as how to power agricultural vehicles, fertilizer production and fuel transportation.

All in all, with very biofuel being developed and implemented, there is a learning curve involved. All implementation of biofuel will, however, add to negatively impacting the environment.

Buy, sell, find, and search for vehicles, used vehicle, and hybrid vehicle at VehicleRide.com.

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Most of the Bottled Water are Filtered From Municipal Water

Most of the Bottled Water are Filtered From Municipal Water

Fresh water reserves are very limited and the combination of overpopulation and rising sea levels increase the salinity of groundwater.

Compounding the supply problem, fresh water reserves are continually being degraded by air pollution, agricultural run-off and contamination from

wastewater. Sadly, our fresh water reserves are not expandable and must be shared among an ever growing global population. Competition for resources, rising water quality expectations and environmental regulation are combining to stimulate demand for better conservation strategies and more effective treatment processes. Quality standards for bottled and municipal waters are similar.

Today, nearly 70 percent of the worlds fresh water reserves are in the Antarctic region and protection and conservation of this reserve has been identified as a global priority by environmentalists. Approximately 80% of the world’s population lives in the Eastern Hemisphere, while about 80% of the earth’s fresh water reserves are found in the Western Hemisphere. Water, in both quantity and quality, is inextricably linked to public health.

It must be realised that water is a key component of the ecosystem, a natural resource and a public good. We can’t know if we’ll organize ourselves

and educate and mobilize the public in time to keep the crucible of life on our blue marble planet from becoming a dead sea.

It is estimated that total consumer expenditures for bottled water are approximately 0 billion per year—a vast sum that both indicates

consumers are willing to pay for convenient and reliable drinking water and that society has the resources to make comparable expenditures to provide far greater quantities of water for far less money by investing in reliable domestic supplies.

There are detrimental environmental impacts at every stage of the life of a bottle of water, from manufacturing the plastic bottles, to pumping and

bottling the water, to shipping it to consumers, to eventual disposing of the bottles, and sales of bottled water are increasing at nearly 10% a year.

While Americans with annual incomes of ,000 per year or more are about 35 percent more likely than those of lesser means to buy bottled water,

the purchasers of bottled water are hardly limited to high income yuppies. As far as we are concerned tap water and bottled water are the same, so you

might as well have it free from the tap. You can make your water safer and cleaner for less than a penny per gallon using the most advanced water filters!

Paul Rodgers specialized in marketing online fitness, diets, health and beauty products and services. You are invited to visit the followings Website : CrystalQuest Water Filters

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    Green Marketing and Ethical Issues

    Green Marketing and Ethical Issues

    Green Marketing and Ethical Issues

     INTRODUCTION

    The  marketer need to know about what is the relevance of Social Marketing in order to protect the environment and to improve the quality of life and are concerned with issues that include conservation of natural resources, reducing environmental pollution, protecting endangered species, and control of land use. Many companies are finding that consumers are willing to pay more for a green product. The last three decades have seen a progressive increase in worldwide  environmental consciousness. This has been driven by a number of factors from increased media coverage to rising evidence of environmental problems such as the depletion of the ozone layer, acidification of rivers and forest degradation, global warming, the rise of pressure group activity, tougher legislation and major industrial disasters. Concern has moved from the local scale to a national and increasingly global scale.

     The rate of environmental degradation has intensified.  The nineteenth century brought the first large scale pollution as companies geared themselves to produce goods as fast as possible, with virtual disregard for human or environmental well-being. Nations battled for industrial supremacy using raw materials and creating pollution at a staggering rate. As countries became economically stronger, competition also grew. More efficient production methods were employed, and few companies, if any, gave a thought to the impact they were having on their surroundings. With the increase in water pollution from the chemical works, and air pollution from the iron and steel industry, towns and cities began to pay the price for high industrial productivity.

       Ass the 1980s progressed, it became increasingly clear that, although the starkest predictions of resource depletion and population explosion had failed to materialize, all was far from well with the planet. A number of published analyses of the environment showed that according to a wide range of indicators, the environment was coming under increasing stress. Concern among consumers and the electorate began to mount, with the inevitable consequence being that environmental issues moved from the fringes to the center of the business and political agenda. 

     The environment’s role in business is profoundly obvious, but easy to overlook. It provides every business with its inputs, and a destination for all its outputs. It also provides the business with the physical space within which its operations occur. For businesses dealing directly with environmental resources, such as agriculture, tourism or oil, the importance of the physical environment has always been apparent. Society in its present form and on its current trajectory of development, however, cannot be sustained indefinitely. The physical environment has limited resources and limited capacity to absorb pollution and waste. The underlying cause of society’s current unsustainability relates to the way in which economics and technology have come to dominate our thinking about business and the environment. Conventional marketing within industry is very much a product of this techno-economic perspective. This has created a ‘grey’ culture which is not sustainable and is therefore terminal. To transform this into a ‘green’ sustainable culture, there is a need to balance consideration of the economic and technical impacts and aspects of businesses with understanding of their social and physical implications.

     It is now widely accepted that societies, economies, and the businesses within them need to find a more sustainable path to for future development. In the business world the vocabulary of management was suddenly expanded by the discussion of ‘green consumers’, ‘green markets’ and ‘green products’ and the practice of ‘environmental’ or ‘green marketing’. For majority of the companies improving environmental performance has, until recently, been a question of legislative compliance and occasional reactions to external events and pressures. It has only been companies in the front-line sectors such as oil, chemicals, power and cars that have gone beyond a reactive and tactical approach to green issues. However, by early 1990s a shift away from a technical-compliance oriented approach towards a more proactive green strategy orientation was noticed. Companies were increasingly pursuing competitive advantage and product differentiation by increasing investment in environmental marketing, green design and improving overall corporate eco-performance. In addition to these externally motivated changes, the realization is dawning within industry that sustainability will not be reached simply by demand-pull from the market and compliance-push from the regulators. The changes that are needed to safeguard the future of the environment and the economy must partly be driven from the business community, which means they must proactively integrate eco-performance into the strategies, systems and cultures of the organization. 

     

    Eg: Toyota has become quite successful with their hybrid cars.

     The three R s of environmentalism are:

     Reduce

    Reuse and

    Recycle.

     Green marketing refers to the development and distribution of ecologically-safe products. It refers to products and packages that have one or more of the following characteristics:

     (1)  Are less toxic

     (2)  Are more durable

     (3)  Contain reusable materials

     (4) Are made of recyclable material. In short, these are products considered “environmentally  responsible”.

               In the early to mid 1960s created concern about the social responsibility of businesses and their impact on the natural environment and the health and welfare of the planet. This concern was heightened during the early 1970s in response to Limits to Growth and resulted in the emergence of both the ‘societal marketing concept’ and the ‘ecological marketing concept’. In response to the new green challenge that emerged during the early 1980s, these early concepts have amalgamated to create an environmental marketing concept. Green marketing is thus a form of socio-ecological marketing whereby the goods and services sold, and the marketing practices involved in their sale take into account the environmental ramifications of society as a whole. The marketing process essentially involves matching the controllable internal variables of the marketing mix with the demands of the marketing environment. Environmental marketing is no different, in principle, although the internal variables and external demands that must be reconciled are a little different. 

     Green marketing takes account of the wider relationship of the organization and its products to the surroundings. It is about a more aware, open, targeted and sensitive approach that integrates the strategic link between the company, the environment, and marketing, rather than being primarily concerned with tactical communications opportunities. The prime emphasis is on, developing relationships and satisfying separate Stakeholders needs in an environmentally and socially responsible manner. The key stakeholders are customers, investors, parent company, directors, employees, the community, legislators, pressure groups, suppliers, and the media

     Green marketing differs from its societal and ecological predecessors in it’s intertwining of ecological and social concerns, in the breadth of the ecological agenda that it tackles, and in its potential application across all types and sectors of business. Green marketing goes beyond societal marketing in four key ways:

     It is an open-ended rather than a long-term perspective.

    It focuses more strongly on the natural environment. It treats the environment as something which has an intrinsic value over and above its usefulness to society. It focuses on global concerns rather than those of particular societies.

     The key elements of green marketing can be summarised as under:

     A balanced approach to the social, technological, economic and physical aspects of businesses and societies. An emphasis on long term sustainable qualitative development rather than short-term unsustainable quantitative growth. A holistic approach aimed at reversing the reductionalist and fragmented approach of previous business theory and practice. A consideration of consumers as real human beings rather than as hypothetical ‘rational economic’entities. An emphasis on meeting the genuine needs of consumers, rather than on stimulating superficial desires. A recognition that consumers and society have multiple and sometimes conflicting wants and needs. A view of the company and all its activities as part of the ‘product’ that is consumed. A recognition that the large scale long distance nature of the current economy is not sustainable, and that in the future small and local will be beautiful. Embracing the concept of eco-performance which incorporates the non-market outputs of the company, with performance of the product during and after use and the environmental impact of companies which contribute to the creation and marketing of the product elsewhere in the supply chain. The pursuit of added socio-environmental value as well as added techno-economic value.

     CONCLUSION

     ‘Green Advertising: Salvation or Oxymoron’, demonstrating that the concept is far more complex than the existing marketing literature suggests. Green is characterized in this study as a two dimensional concept with political and human dimensions. Banerjee et al (1995) in a study on multi dimensional analysis of environmental advertising suggests that environmental appeals are becoming increasingly common in advertising. The results of a content analysis designed to uncover the underlying structure of green advertising are presented. A majority of advertisers in the sample attempted to project a green corporate image rather than focusing on the environmental benefits of their product or service. Most of the studies focus on the communication aspect of green marketing and studies that cover the entire gamut of green marketing are woefully lacking and more so studies conducted in an Indian context

    R.YUVARANI, M.Phil SCHOLAR, PERIYAR UNIVERSITY, SALEM-11

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