All-natural soda now in sleek 12-oz can






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Posted by Kari Embree, Senior Digital Content Editor — Packaging Digest, 7/24/2013 11:03:43 AM





 

 

DRY Soda sleek can

 

As consumers continue to demand real ingredients in their beverages and seek out all-natural and lower sugar soda options, DRY Soda is making its unique sodas more accessible to customers by offering it in Rexam 12-oz. SLEEK cans. DRY Soda also introduces two new flavors this summer: Apple DRY and Ginger DRY.

DRY Soda’s launch of sleek cans and introduction of new flavors means that DRY customers can enjoy DRY in more places—on the go, poolside, cocktails, lunches and entertaining at home. In addition to the Apple and Ginger, DRY will also offer three current flavors in cans: Vanilla Bean, Blood Orange, and Cucumber DRY. 

Originally introduced in 12-oz. glass bottles, DRY Soda has chosen to expand into the Rexam SLEEK can because of its durability and portability. DRY Soda also supports the use of aluminum cans as they are the most sustainable packaging choice in the world, and are recycled at more than double the rate of any other beverage package. 

In 2005, well before low sugar products were part of the national conversation, DRY Soda CEO and Founder Sharelle Klaus saw the need for a less sweet, all-natural soda and created the first soda line with significantly less sugar and made with just four ingredients. DRY, the better for you soda, contains one-quarter to one-third of the sugar and calories of traditional sodas, and is only 45-70 calories per 12-oz. bottle/can.

“I developed DRY because I believe in offering a better low sugar soda option to consumers seeking healthier alternatives to traditional sodas and am thrilled that DRY cans will allow people to enjoy it anywhere, anytime and offer our customers the convenience of DRY on the go,” says DRY Soda CEO Sharelle Klaus. “DRY really stands out in the Rexam SLEEK cans and provides DRY Soda retailers more opportunities to offer DRY to their customers.”

 

Rich Grimley, president and CEO, Rexam BCNA, says the SLEEK can is the perfect choice to broaden consumer reach for DRY. “The SLEEK can provides a differentiation on retail shelves that helps build brands,” he said.

 

“Besides the appeal of the package with colorful graphics that enable brands to attract attention on retail shelves, beverage cans offer superior recycling, filling, distribution and display economics that just make good business sense.”

DRY Soda cans are available now throughout the U.S. in traditional and specialty retail stores, restaurants, cafes and online. The cans will be sold individually at retailers for $1.29.

 

Source: DRY Soda

 

 

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Best-in-class bottle from Innis & Gunn






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Posted by Kari Embree, Senior Digital Content Editor — Packaging Digest, 7/18/2013 12:34:49 PM





 

Innis & Gunn bottle

 

 

Ardagh Group has produced a new lighter weight 660mL bottle for Innis & Gunn’s Original and Rum Finish beers. In keeping with its record of continuous innovation, Innis & Gunn set Ardagh the task of producing the lightest weight bottle in its class at 360 grams, which will sit alongside a newly light weighted 330mL bottle.

Ardagh’s product design team applied its advanced computer simulation technology including finite element analysis (FEA) and prototype modelling to develop the new bottle.

Moving to lower weight glass bottles will considerably lessen the brewer’s environmental impact. The combined weight reduction—the 330mL bottle now weighs 195 grams, down from the current 245 grams—will represent a saving of 2,000 metric tonnes of CO2 over the next three years.

Celebrating 10 years in business, Scotland’s leading independent beer company can now offer a 660mL serving to its loyal band of followers across the globe. Innis & Gunn is the best-selling British bottled beer in Canada and number one bottled import ale in Sweden.

 

Source: Innis & Gunn

 

 

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Aliment Accentuation

Dean & DeLuca aims to get back to its roots with an in-house redesign project spanning the entire private label collection. “It was important for us to get everything redesigned and rebranded back to our core elements. Now, the customer can identify our products more easily on the shelf, and they standout as being our own and as having a consistent core brand style,” Jenny Burgett, graphic designer, brand identitiy and packaging, Dean & DeLuca, comments.

Utilizing the brand’s core colors of black, white, silver, PMS 877 for printed labels and PMS 432 gray: the redesign strives to keep packaging as white and light as possible. Taking a cue from the Neo-classical, minimalist look of the brand’s retail spaces. Glass bottles and jars are used throughout the collection to emphasize a natural look. For products the brand could not show, due to the nature of the packaging, such as the boxed baking mixes, photography was employed.

A clean sans serif typeface is consistent throughout the line, and denotes the product category; while a cursive font, based on the handwriting of one of the founders, Jack Ceglic, depicts the variety on pack. “We wanted to revert back to our own history and the value in that, so we decided to bring that font back into all of our packaging. It represents a strong part of our brand history,” Burgett explains.

A palette of secondary brand colors is used as a guide when choosing accent colors for products that need to be distinguished on shelf. For instance, the syrup and dipping oil collections, both featuring four flavor varieties, utilize the palette of secondary brand colors. However, for the brand’s 10 glass packaged salts, only the primary color palette was utilized, as the unique coloring and textures of the salts serve as an adequate differentiator on shelf.

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Snapshots: June/July 2013 Issue

Aliment Accentuation
Packaging that says, ‘It’s all about the food.’

Dean & DeLuca aims to get back to its roots with an in-house redesign project spanning the entire private label collection. “It was important for us to get everything redesigned and rebranded back to our core elements. Now, the customer can identify our products more easily on the shelf, and they standout as being our own and as having a consistent core brand style,” Jenny Burgett, graphic designer, brand identitiy and packaging, Dean & DeLuca, comments.

Utilizing the brand’s core colors of black, white, silver, PMS 877 for printed labels and PMS 432 gray: the redesign strives to keep packaging as white and light as possible. Taking a cue from the Neo-classical, minimalist look of the brand’s retail spaces. Glass bottles and jars are used throughout the collection to emphasize a natural look. For products the brand could not show, due to the nature of the packaging, such as the boxed baking mixes, photography was employed.

A clean sans serif typeface is consistent throughout the line, and denotes the product category; while a cursive font, based on the handwriting of one of the founders, Jack Ceglic, depicts the variety on pack. “We wanted to revert back to our own history and the value in that, so we decided to bring that font back into all of our packaging. It represents a strong part of our brand history,” Burgett explains.

A palette of secondary brand colors is used as a guide when choosing accent colors for products that need to be distinguished on shelf. For instance, the syrup and dipping oil collections, both featuring four flavor varieties, utilize the palette of secondary brand colors. However, for the brand’s 10 glass packaged salts, only the primary color palette was utilized, as the unique coloring and textures of the salts serve as an adequate differentiator on shelf.

 

Branded Luxury
Italian Alps channeled in artisan chocolate package design.

Nestled in the Italian alpine resort community of Breuil-Cervinia, a boutique hotel by the name of Principe Delle Nevi, or “Prince of Snow” beckons ski enthusiasts worldwide. Plan B Creative Team (www.planbproject.com), Tel-Aviv, Israel, took on the task of creating a sub-brand chocolate line for the hotel.

Dubbed “The Chocolate”, Plan B’s brief was to create a branded luxury packaging for the hotel’s unique handmade chocolates. “Our goal was to combine the new and the old. A mix between classic Italian design and clean and modern elements, reflecting the hotel’s branding and interior design.” explains Max Gat-mor, creative director and partner, Plan B.  The logo that appears on the packaging is a mix between a contemporary typeface and the brand name; an image of the “Matterhorn” mountain, the central view from the hotel, is the focal point and consistent throughout The Chocolate line. The chocolatier’s autograph appears on the sleeve and labeling, adding to the artisanal quality of the collection.

Hotel Principe Delle Nevi offers a selection of luxury chocolate pralines, housed in high-quality thick duplex paper. Israeli printing and packaging service supplier Ravgon collaborated with Plan B to conduct material research and testing until the current box was developed. For efficiency and budget consciousness, the custom chocolate box is printed entirely on a single sheet of paper, using only three Pantone colors. Hot stamping the Hotel Principe Delle Nevi’s crest onto the package further reinforces the high-end appeal.

Brushed aluminum bags, sourced through a large coffee packaging vendor evoke a contemporary look and feel. Digitally printed labels with a complementary color palette provide the brand with flexibility to add new colors as seasonal flavors are introduced into the line. The artisanal quality is further continued as a “freehand” font type was selected for the labels as a flavor descriptor.

 

Sweet Reunion
The Mike and Ike split is settled.

Mike and Ike, the infamous duo of the Just Born Inc. family settled their differences and reconvened, after taking a year to explore separate interests. The fruit-flavored candy brand was revitalized, with a complete packaging redesign, by BrandFirst (www.brandfirstnj.com). A redesign was in order, for the brand to be more relevant with the target consumer, ages 13-19.

“The creative brief outlined the need for three different design families: Fun & Energetic, Cool & Hip, and Futuristic & Trendy,” explains Donald Huston, Mike and Ike, brand manager. Huston comments on the redesign capabilities of BrandFirst: “Their design creativity, confirmed by extensive consumer testing, led us to a fantastic design that is new and fresh but still very much tied to the historical visual cornerstones of the brand.” On the logo, the word “and” is now situated on a vertical plane between Mike and Ike; dimension applied to the background generates the sense of motion.

“We introduced black as a mainstay color, to work across all of the flavors of the brand,” explains Amy Happ, BrandFirst, creative director. “That really gave it the edge that we were looking for, and with that we built on it with the futuristic background.” Gone are cartoony fruit illustrations; custom illustrations featuring photo realistic quality now grace Mike and Ike packs. The on-pack “bean” graphics were given a sleek redesign, now debossed and featuring a translucent appearance.

Mike and Ike’s color palette expanded with the redesign; transitioning from a spot-color printing process to a seven-color printing process. “Our suppliers are delivering on the expanded gamut printing process that we need to really deliver on the new eye catching design.” explains Huston.

 

Sensual Structure
Condom brand enters new territory.

Church & Dwight wanted to address a new market with its Trojan brand, so Trojan Lubricants was created. To develop a visual identity for the collection of three varieties of gender-neutral personal lubricants, Church & Dwight approached strategic partners, Product Ventures (productventures.com), for structural design and Colangelo (colangelo-sm.com), for graphic design and communication of the outer carton.

Product Ventures’ client director on the Trojan project, Sarah Palomba recaps the design firm’s goals, “The idea was that the package would be engaging, feature dynamic color, and appeal to both sexes through its alluring and captivating form,” The environment of use was yet another design element addressed, “Another key design goal for the product was understanding the environment of use and therefore we sought to make the package as easy-to-handle and intuitive to use as possible.” continues Palomba.

The PP cap is fully integrated into the curved PET bottle shape, assisting with the one-handed-operation design. A luxurious gold ink, bearing the Trojan logo is pad-printed on the front of the hourglass bottle, versus a lamination process, which could potentially get slick. The jewel-tone bottles evoke a premium feel via use of a pearlescent finish. Peter Clarke, CEO of Product Ventures reflects, “The branding on the bottle is minimal so that the structure becomes the primary visual. The form evokes a passionate embrace with the intertwining curves and undulating surfaces.”

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Plastic versus Paper

Plastic versus Paper

In modern environmental thinking, plastic is often touted as greater evil than paper. Their deterioration periods are always mentioned to emphasize the destructive effects they have on nature and its inhabitants, mainly on us humans:

 

Comparison of deterioration periods:

orange peels – 6 mos

paper – 2 to 5 mos

plastic-coated milk carton – 5 yrs

plastic bag – 20 yrs

aluminum tin cans – 50  to 100 yrs

batteries – 100 yrs

glass bottles – 1,000,000 yrs

plastic soda bottles -   forever

 

 

Attention is also brought to the obvious shortcomings of plastic, of which 40% of all that are manufactured is used for packaging:

produces chlorofluorocarbon (CFC = ozone destroyer)

produces chemical waste

takes landfill space

is non-biodegradable

kills marine life

clogs sewer pipes, leading to stagnant, standing water and associated health hazards.

 

It is estimated that somewhere between 500 billion and one trillion plastic bags are consumed throughout the world each year.

 

 

On the other hand, paper manufacture is not without its disadvantages.

 

Compared to plastic bag production, paper bag production creates

2 times more sulfur dioxide

3 times more carbon monoxide

6 times more dust

50 times more waste

 

To cite a specific example, production of plastic cups is more efficient and cleaner than the production of paper cups.

On per ton basis:     650,000   pcs  plastic cups

uses   5,000   kgs.  steam

uses   1,800   kwh  electricity

On the other hand:  100,000   pcs. paper cups

uses 10,000   kgs.  steam

uses   6,400   kwh  electricity

 

Comparison of the energy needed to produce an original bag

plastic bag: 594 BTUs   vs.   paper bag: 2511 BTU’s

 

Comparison of the energy needed to recycle a bag once

plastic bag: 17 BTUs     vs.   paper bag  1444 BTU’s

 

Likewise, it would take approximately seven trucks to transport the same number of paper bags as can be transported by a single truck full of plastic bags, because these are so thin and lightweight.

 

As a final argument, when disposed off after use, plastics generate 14 to 28 percent of the volume of trash in general, but because much of it can be compressed, only 9 to 12 percent of the volume of waste in landfills, or around 5 percent by weight.  Paper comprises 12 percent by weight of garbage dumps, and also decomposes very little in airless landfills, just the way plastics are non-biodegradable. Modern landfills are designed in such a way that nothing biodegrades, because the waste is isolated from air and water in order to prevent groundwater contamination and air pollution.

 

Some countries have already resorted to extreme measures in efforts to contravene the plastics onslaught. Bangladesh banned plastic bags after drains blocked by bags contributed to widespread monsoon flooding. Ireland decreased plastic bag consumption by placing a consumer tax on plastic bags. Perhaps the most strict plastic bag regulation was implemented in the Indian province of Himachal Pradesh, where people caught with plastic bags are fined 00.

 

In the end, most everyone can help reduce the amount of both materials, plastic and paper, by:

investing in high-quality reusable bags to eliminate the equivalent average of 1,000 bags

reusing bags that are in the house for a myriad of other purposes or intention

keeping them always ready for use in the car, office, home, or person

not asking for them when it is really not so necessary

 

 

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Plastic lasts foerver. It never biodegrades. Yet we use it to make disposable objects that we discard after a short period of time, sometimes just minutes, or a few hours. Take action. Bring your own bags and cups. Avoid plastic bottles. Demand laws banning or taxing plastic bags and other disposables. Time to act is now!
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Pet Beverage Bottles Are One Of The Trends For Future Development

Pet Beverage Bottles Are One Of The Trends For Future Development

PET beverage packaging as the packaging aspect of food production enterprises, more than 30 years people have been exploring ways to replace Glass bottle And tin cans in the packaging materials and containers, and plastic is the best material currently available. It has the characteristics of light weight, can reduce transportation costs. But not every plastic are suitable for Food Packaging . Polyester (PET) food packaging material appears to be a rapid development. The first use of PET bottles soft drinks business in the United States Coca-Cola Company, they used to replace 1.5-liter PET bottles 1 liter glass bottles, resulting in increased sales by 27%. PET containers after the food and beverage packaging gradually become a popular “hot demand.” PET containers light weight and strong firm attracted customers by the market. There is also a big advantage of PET material that can form any shape (the applicability of good), but also can be processed into line with people’s habit of color, text and images can be Print .

PET beverage bottles are one of the trends for future development

Domestic PET bottle of mainstream products, initially limited to colas, mineral water, distilled water used in drinks like packaging container, the application of its excellent performance and reasonable price widely welcomed by users in these drinks packaging Based on the successful application of recent years has been in the heat-resistant PET bottle bottled drinks black tea, green tea, Juice And edible oil, cosmetics, medicine, pesticide and other industries to expand its applications. It is reported that in 1996 China’s production of PET bottle 3 billion in 1998 rose to 5 billion in 2000 to reach 8 billion, 9 billion in 2001, 2002, to reach 10 billion, 13 billion in 2004 to become Plastic packaging materials Largest increase variety. Particularly since 2001 with the sudden emergence of the domestic market of tea drink (tea production in 2001 reached 3,000,000 t), tea beverages 85 ~ 90 hot filling PET bottle PET bottle has become the fastest growing in recent years species. At the same time, PET aseptic cold filling bottle the trend of the rise in Japan and other countries, cause for concern. Aseptic cold filling PET bottle technology will reduce the number of applications the importance of hot-fill PET bottles, PET bottles to increase non-heat-resistant PET bottle production in the whole of GDP. Mentioned earlier non- Carbonated beverages Fruit juice, vegetable juice, various flavors of tea drinks, dairy products, coffee, etc., the traditional hot filling perfusion techniques are used, but this technology PET bottles require a higher (must use high-temperature hot-fill PET bottles ), it was reported that Japan already has one-third of non-carbonated beverages using aseptic cold filling technology, therefore, that the future development of PET beverage bottles are one of the trends. A report said the new nutrient-based drinks and flavors added products can help revitalize the stagnant special drink bottled water market, and PET resin and PET bottle suppliers to bring new opportunities.

Recession in the global economy environment, the 2009 pairs of plastic food and beverage packaging industry in China will no doubt be a cold winter, but the ability of PET bottle industry is expected to warm more than other plastic packaging industry stronger. This is mainly the Chinese beverage market in recent years, especially fruit juice and tea drinks market growing rapidly. As the most mainstream of the current beverage packaging materials will also benefit from this PET bottle, so, PET bottles will have greater market opportunities.

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Actually, Kermit, It Is Easy To Live Greener

Actually, Kermit, It Is Easy To Live Greener

Who remembers watching Jim Henson’s Muppets and listening to Kermit the Frog plaintively warbling that “It’s not easy being green”? Well, Kermit, living a greener lifestyle is easier than you might think. You don’t have to live off the grid, eat nothing but organically-grown lentils harvested when the moon is in Aquarius or use a composting toilet to make a difference to the planet.

The phrase often tossed around in environmental circles is “Think globally; act locally.”  This doesn’t just mean picking up litter in your local park and campaigning to save a local park being turned into a shopping mall (although these aren’t bad places to start!). The “act locally” part refers to the place closest to you: your home and workplace.

There are four main areas of environmental concern that everybody can help do their little bit. After all, if everyone did a little bit, it all adds up! These areas are waste reduction, sustainable use of resources, conserving energy and reducing noxious emissions.  

In the area of waste reduction, what you do with your household waste is the easiest thing. While it would be ideal to reduce the amount of waste packaging, etc. that you generate, this isn’t always within our power to control – manufacturers seem to insist on putting masses of packaging on products and buying something with a special “green” label can be harder if you are on a tight budget. Two of the biggest items in household waste are totally recyclable – kitchen waste and paper. Other items, such as PET plastic, glass bottles and aluminium or steel cans, are also recyclable. All you need to do here is to set up a system for waste “disposal” – a bin for compostables, a bin for paper, a bin for other recyclables such as plastic, glass and metal, and a bin for non-recyclables. These don’t all have to be kept in the same place. The paper bin might go in the hallway or a corner of the lounge (handy for putting the newspaper when you’ve finished with it). The compost bin goes outside (keep a small container in the kitchen to be emptied daily for convenience). The “recyclables” bin can go in the laundry, as can the “other rubbish”.  

One real bonus of eliminating kitchen waste from your regular waste disposal is that you will not have problems with animals knocking over a garbage tin or tearing a plastic garbage bag open. OK, the animals will probably raid your compost heap instead, but mess can be avoided by having an wide “stack” (the animals will eat the waste in the heap rather than dragging it out) or having a tightly sealable lid.  If you have pets, you can always give leftovers and scraps directly to them – you’ll save on pet food costs this way.

Local councils are now beginning to have schemes for collecting recyclable materials such as paper, cans, glass and plastic.  These schemes range from having kerbside collection in special bins to a discount on dump charges if you drop of your recyclables first or even having special drop-off points for recyclables (such as a bottle bank).  Make use of these after you have sorted your rubbish.

These steps, particularly recycling steel and aluminium also help to reduce our need for new raw materials. Another easy step you can do is to take good items that you no longer need (e.g. clothing, appliances, computers) to charities. Some places will even take broken down items and repair them. This will not only help conserve natural resources, it will also help raise money for a good cause.

Reducing energy use is another simple thing everyone can do. It still astounds me how many people pay barrow-loads of money to run clothes dryers when sunshine is free! Use clothes lines and drying racks. Drying racks are especially useful if you live in a rainy area – they can be used indoors, on a covered porch or outdoors, depending on the weather.  

You can reduce consumption of fossil fuels and carbon emissions by walking or biking more. Instead of driving down to the gym for a workout, why not just slip on a good pair of shoes and walk around the block?  If safety is an issue, go with a friend – or stay indoors and dance or use a skipping rope. You can also use muscle power to take you on short trips (to school, to the corner dairy, to the post box, etc).  This way, you not only save money, reduce fuel and conserve fossil fuels, you burn calories, too!

Another simple way to save energy at home (and save on home heating costs) is to look at home heating. While double glazing and increasing your insulation in the home is one option, it may not be that easy if you are on a tight budget or live in rented property. Make the most of free sunlight and if the weather’s cold, put on more clothing. It seems perfectly idiotic to have your home heated so that you can go around in a T-shirt during the depths of winter. Put on your winter woollies or polar fleece, wear warm socks and put a singlet on. You’ll save money as well as energy.

The list of simple things everyone can do to live “greener” goes on and on. And the real bonus is that these simple steps don’t just save the planet, they save you money, too.

Nick Vassilev is the founder of successful carpet cleaning London and domestic cleaning London businesses delivering quality cleaning services to thousands of clients.


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Review Of Plastic Planet Movie 2010

Review Of Plastic Planet Movie 2010

has a drawback of the film, however: For example, while in the docudrama The Age of Stupid from the fall of 2009 as detailed records of the CO2 uptake by the film and reduced to a minimum, it seems, Werner Boote did not worry about that too. Munter, he flies from Vienna to London and Finland to Japan, China and India and finally in the U.S. and the Pacific Ocean to land. That this was necessary for his documentary, is beyond question. That good intentions often go hand in hand with environmental pollution, obviously.

Who has felt understood the message of the film, the desire to go shopping as a conscientious consumer and environmentally conscious citizens, only explicitly in the health food store that only drinks from glass bottles to take and make the slogan “jute instead of plastic” in the future a reality. But that’s not so easy, and ultimately the risk is very high, fall back into his old habits. But one should still be clear: If we do not leave desist from these comfortable habits, we will our future generations not only a plastic planet, but also diseases and late effects!

Forget the Stone Age, welcome to the Plastic Age. Personable filmmaker Werner Boote hosts this wry, alarming journey across Europe, China, the United States, and India to discover that most omnipresent, long-lasting of all substances — plastic — and how it may very well be taking over the earth.Presents an up-close and personal view of the controversial and fascinating material that has found its way into every facet of daily life: plastic. Goes on a journey around the globe, following plastic through its 100 years of glorious triumph and showing what an unexpected impact plastic has on the world.

 

Watch Movie Online Free: Plastic Planet Movie Online Free 2010

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Go Green And Use High-Quality Plastic Containers

Go Green And Use High-Quality Plastic Containers

We have gotten far better at recycling and reusing products in an effort to save our planet. But, let’s face it, there are some things, such as plastic wrap, resealable bags and even aluminum foil, that are almost impossible to reuse. Most towns want clean aluminum foil, which means ninety percent of the foil used in most households cannot be recycled. All those bags and cling wrap go into the trash and clog our landfills.

More recently, companies have been developing so-called reusable, disposable plastic containers. They have that little “recyclable” symbol on them, but very few facilities are set up to recycle No. 5 plastics. So where do they end up? In landfills. That little number on the triangle included in most plastic products is a clear indication whether a product can be recycled or not. Yes, No. 5 plastics are considered recyclable, but most municipal recycling programs only accept No. 1 and No. 2 products.

Here’s another thing to consider: While we’re all being good samaritans by recycling everything under the sun, the market for recyclables is nearly saturated. Instead of being recycled, municipalities are stock-pilings tons of plastic and glass bottles and containers waiting for the day when someone will actually want them. In the end, the result is the same: a landfill stuffed with glass and plastic.

What’s the answer, then? Buy something you don’t have to throw away after just a few uses. The best way to go green with your food storage is to use high-quality food storage containers that will last for years. It’s the way we used to store food before convenience overtook common sense. Long-lasting plastic containers got their start back in the 1945 when Earl Tupper recognized that the invention of a new plastic, Polyethylene, could mean the start of something big. He started producing plastic bathroom cups in a variety of colors and then introduced the lidded bowl. Much innovation has happened over the years, with more and more variety and versatility now included in today’s container selection. You name it, you can find a container that can store it—and store it much longer than older containers. Many companies have come up with their own lines of plastic containers to compete with the famous Tupperware, which even after more than 60 years continues to be the industry standard.

Most recently came the advent of the disposable container. Thankfully, eco-friendly awareness is bringing back some common sense and more and more people are recognizing not only the economic benefits of buying good food containers, but also the environmental ones.

In fact, one major university is urging its students to use reusable food containers and ditch the disposable ones that have become quite popular among the dorm-living set. More glass containers are popping up, but many moms worry about breaking glass. You’re not going to send a five-year-old with a glass container filled with carrot sticks to class. The most environmentally friendly and safe alternative is plastic storage containers.

Jamison & Krista Alexander are the owners of http://www.keepmyfoodfresh.com and they promote great quality food storage containers.


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Biodegredable Plastics – Transgenic Plants Providing a Solution

Biodegredable Plastics – Transgenic Plants Providing a Solution

BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS

- TRANSGENIC PLANTS PROVIDING A SOLUTION        

                   Almost every product we buy most of the food we eat and many of the liquids we drink come encased in plastic packaging, which provides excellent protection for the product. It is cheap to manufacture and seems to last forever. Lasting forever, however, is proving to be a major environmental problem. Plastics are manufactured from numerous non-renewable resources like natural gas, coal, and oil. Plastics cannot be degraded easily in the natural environment due to their long polymer molecules which are too large and too tightly bound.                                                              

                  A type of sturdy and hard plastic is made with a molecule known as Bisphenol A, BPA. BPA like many other man made chemicals is now detectable in most people’s blood streams and could cause dangerous hormonal changes in children. BPA may tend to cause cancer, early puberty, obesity and even attention deficit disorder.

                 To overcome this problem BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS have been developed which are made from renewable resources, such as plants. Biodegradable plastics are made with plant-based materials and result in 15% less carbon emission. Infact biodegradable plastics have not been successful in replacing the wide spread use of traditional petrochemical plastics.

The following are few items and the time required for their decomposition,

 Tin cans- 50 to 100 years

Aluminum Cans- 80 to 100 years

Glass Bottles- 1 million years

Newspapers- 25 to 50 years

 Polystyrene- 1000′s of years

Plastic bags- 400 years

So now we know the raising alarm being caused in the environment by the use of plastics. But a solution is always there,

 ”Green Film” Plastic Bags and Products- 9 months to 5 years .

                The plastics that are decomposed in the natural environment are known as the “biodegradable plastics”. (‘Biodegradable’ means that a substance can naturally decompose with the help of micro organisms and will not persist in the environment beyond a certain period of time). The chemical bonds of biodegradable compounds are easily destroyed by a variety of bacteria over a small period of time to facilitate their decomposition. As early as in the year 1926, Lemoigne managed to isolate the first of the polyhydroxyalkanoates – polyhydroxybutyrate (a homopolymer whose building unit is the 3-hydroxybutyric acid) from the Bacillus megaterium bacterium. At the end of the 1950s, the presence of the polyhydroxybutyrate was confirmed as an energy and carbon source and storage in many other bacteria. Many species of bacteria accumulate polyhydroxyalkonoates as energy storage compounds, some of the PHA polymers are commercially valuable as biodegradable plastics.

                 Polyhyroxybutyrate is a PHA produced in Ralstonia eutropha via three enzyme bio synthetic pathway consisting of ? – ketothiolase, aceto acetyl Co-A reductase, and PHB synthase. PHB synthase production in plants was first demonstrated in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Polyhydroxy alkanoates (PHAs), e.g., polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), are synthesized from acetyl-CoA used as precursor, and are used for the synthesis of biodegradable plastics with thermoplastic properties. At present, PHAs are produced by bacterial fermentation, and the cost of biodegradable plastic is substantially higher than that of synthetic plastics.

                  Attempts are being made to produce PHAs in transgenic plants to reduce the cost. Genes encoding the two enzymes, aceto-acetyl-CoA reductase (PhbB) and PHB synthase (phbC), involved in the PHB synthesis from the precursor acetyl-CoA have been transferred from the bacterium Alcaligenes eutrophus and expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana. When the two enzymes were targeted into the plastids, PHB accumulated in leaves. PHB production by transgenic plants provides an example of a novel compound synthesized in plants.

 Standards that certify biodegradability and compostability,

 Following international organizations have established standards and testing methods for compostability: American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM ASTM 6400-99

 European Standardization Committee (CEN) EN13432

International Standards Organization (ISO) ISO14855 (only for biodegradation)

German Institute for Standardization (DIN) DIN V49000

                The ASTM, CEN and DIN standards specify the criteria for biodegradation, disintegration and eco-toxicity for a plastic to be called compostable. While ISO 14855 makes no stipulations regarding disintegrations or toxins remaining.

                Dealing with plastic wastes has taken on significance not far short of ultimate redemption. Developing biodegradable plastics is just one of the solutions to the existing problem. Its our responsibility to remember that by the uncontrolled use of plastics we are contributing our share to a deadly pollution whose ill effects are irreversible and capable of reaching out to numerous generation to come.

 REFERENCES 

1. Nature journal, Nature Biotechnology.

2.Crop science journal. 

3. India Together, Science and environment and environmental plastics.

4. Australian Academy of Science.

5. Eco Greenwares.

6. abc NEWS – Health

7. Institute of science and society


Article from articlesbase.com

This is our submission for the 2008 Stanford Innovation Tournament. We chose to use the secret item (plastic water bottles) as plant pots. We created a facebook group and set up a station on campus where people could plant seeds in soil and take home a free plastic water bottle plant pot! We want people to take pictures of their flowers and upload them to the facebook group!

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