Plastic versus Paper

Plastic versus Paper

In modern environmental thinking, plastic is often touted as greater evil than paper. Their deterioration periods are always mentioned to emphasize the destructive effects they have on nature and its inhabitants, mainly on us humans:

 

Comparison of deterioration periods:

orange peels – 6 mos

paper – 2 to 5 mos

plastic-coated milk carton – 5 yrs

plastic bag – 20 yrs

aluminum tin cans – 50  to 100 yrs

batteries – 100 yrs

glass bottles – 1,000,000 yrs

plastic soda bottles –   forever

 

 

Attention is also brought to the obvious shortcomings of plastic, of which 40% of all that are manufactured is used for packaging:

produces chlorofluorocarbon (CFC = ozone destroyer)

produces chemical waste

takes landfill space

is non-biodegradable

kills marine life

clogs sewer pipes, leading to stagnant, standing water and associated health hazards.

 

It is estimated that somewhere between 500 billion and one trillion plastic bags are consumed throughout the world each year.

 

 

On the other hand, paper manufacture is not without its disadvantages.

 

Compared to plastic bag production, paper bag production creates

2 times more sulfur dioxide

3 times more carbon monoxide

6 times more dust

50 times more waste

 

To cite a specific example, production of plastic cups is more efficient and cleaner than the production of paper cups.

On per ton basis:     650,000   pcs  plastic cups

uses   5,000   kgs.  steam

uses   1,800   kwh  electricity

On the other hand:  100,000   pcs. paper cups

uses 10,000   kgs.  steam

uses   6,400   kwh  electricity

 

Comparison of the energy needed to produce an original bag

plastic bag: 594 BTUs   vs.   paper bag: 2511 BTU’s

 

Comparison of the energy needed to recycle a bag once

plastic bag: 17 BTUs     vs.   paper bag  1444 BTU’s

 

Likewise, it would take approximately seven trucks to transport the same number of paper bags as can be transported by a single truck full of plastic bags, because these are so thin and lightweight.

 

As a final argument, when disposed off after use, plastics generate 14 to 28 percent of the volume of trash in general, but because much of it can be compressed, only 9 to 12 percent of the volume of waste in landfills, or around 5 percent by weight.  Paper comprises 12 percent by weight of garbage dumps, and also decomposes very little in airless landfills, just the way plastics are non-biodegradable. Modern landfills are designed in such a way that nothing biodegrades, because the waste is isolated from air and water in order to prevent groundwater contamination and air pollution.

 

Some countries have already resorted to extreme measures in efforts to contravene the plastics onslaught. Bangladesh banned plastic bags after drains blocked by bags contributed to widespread monsoon flooding. Ireland decreased plastic bag consumption by placing a consumer tax on plastic bags. Perhaps the most strict plastic bag regulation was implemented in the Indian province of Himachal Pradesh, where people caught with plastic bags are fined 00.

 

In the end, most everyone can help reduce the amount of both materials, plastic and paper, by:

investing in high-quality reusable bags to eliminate the equivalent average of 1,000 bags

reusing bags that are in the house for a myriad of other purposes or intention

keeping them always ready for use in the car, office, home, or person

not asking for them when it is really not so necessary

 

 

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Article from articlesbase.com

Plastic lasts foerver. It never biodegrades. Yet we use it to make disposable objects that we discard after a short period of time, sometimes just minutes, or a few hours. Take action. Bring your own bags and cups. Avoid plastic bottles. Demand laws banning or taxing plastic bags and other disposables. Time to act is now!
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Ban Plastic From The Kitchen

Ban Plastic From The Kitchen

The modern kitchen is full of plastic. What would we do without plastic containers, plastic cling wrap, plastic utensils for our parties, plastic dishes, plastic cups, plastic spatulas, and more?

The problem with all this plastic is that it is made with chemicals. Chemicals that can leach into our beverages and our food. Chemicals that end up in our bodies, where it accumulates and causes health problems. Chemicals that end up in our unborn children.

Some of the suspected health hazards include reproductive defects, premature delivery (which are up 23% since 1980), lowered sperm counts (these are down 40% since 1945), and early onset puberty. As part of a program to bring her health back to where it should be, one woman who was interviewed for this article said that she was told by her Naturopath to get rid of plastic containers.

Two of the most common “bad boys” of the plastic industry are PVC (polyvinyl chloride – a hard plastic) and phthalates, a group of substances added to PVC to make it softer and more pliable. In fact, phthalates are among the most common contaminants found in the human body. Another common chemical found in the kitchen is bisphenol-A, which is the main ingredient in hard plastic used in baby bottles, drinking water bottles, and plastic storage containers. Bisphenol-A is in the list of the top 50 chemicals, measured by production volume.

Here are some steps that you can take to decrease your family’s exposure to these chemicals.

- never heat foods or beverages in plastic containers; it is so easy to put a “microwaveable” plastic container into the microwave; don’t do it

- avoid plastic cling wrap products; most have phthalates in them

- avoid containers with PVC in them; if there is a “3” in the recycling triangle, get rid of it

- use glass or stainless steel drinking containers

- use ceramic or enamel plates

- use metal feeding utensils and metal kitchen tools

- do not store food or beverages in plastic containers, especially if the food item is acidic

- if you must use plastic, do not wash it in a dishwasher or use harsh detergents on it

It is interesting to note that in 2005 the European Union banned some commonly used chemicals of the phthalate family from use in toys. One commissioner was quoted as saying, “Toxic chemicals have no place in children’s toys”. Yet we continue to allow them in our food and beverage containers.

In North America, San Francisco instituted a ban in December 2006, although implementation has been delayed by a law suit. The ban covers biphenol-A and certain phthalates. This is commendable, but society needs more than city wide bans.

While we wait for our governments to realize the dangers, consider a personal ban. Can you make your kitchen plastic free?

Richard Killey operates a website on general health and nutrition matters at Nutrition Lessons dot com.

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Steel Water Bottles- Befriend Health Befriend Mother Earth

Steel Water Bottles- Befriend Health Befriend Mother Earth

Two types of water bottles are commonly available in the market. One is stainless steel water bottle and the other is the traditional plastic bottles. Recent studies of the market have shown that people prefer to go for steel water bottles nowadays. The filtered water bottle is sought after among kids and adults since it shows a great deal of positivity towards the health and environment.

Kids Stainless Steel Bottle- Advantages Of the Steel Water Bottle

Stainless steel water bottles for kids and adults are made up of food grade BPA free steel. This is harmless to the health of the human beings as it doesn’t react to any kind of food material such as tea and coffee, cold drink or normal water. Generally, filtered water bottles remove 99.99% contamination such as bacteria and fungus and dust from the water, making it fit for consumption. You can use the kids’ stainless steel bottle for storing warm or cold milk for the infants without any health hazards. The filters work well for one whole year and eventually wear out.

New filters are easily available in the market. These stainless steel bottles are completely made up of eco friendly materials and are 100% recyclable. You can also buy the insulated version of the stainless steel water bottle. The insulated bottles maintain the original temperature of the fluids whether it is hot or cold. It can maintain the temperature for approximately 4 hours or more once you open it. If stored unopened, the temperature will remain maintained for overnight.

Steel Water Bottles- Shapes and Colours

These bottles are available in all shapes and sizes along with multitude of colours. Interestingly, sizes may vary to customize the needs of both kids and adults. Unlike the plastic water bottles, stainless steel bottles are non hazardous, run for life time and are completely eco friendly. You can buy these steel bottles online and enjoy heavy discounts on each buy. For more information kindly search the World Wide Web. There are ample amount of websites available that provide these water bottles.

Ecovessel.com provides a complete line of stainless Steel Water bottles for both adults and children. Find Filtered Water bottle, Stainless steel sippy, and Kids stainless steel bottle from our product ranges.

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Eco Canteen Water Bottles Allow You To Kick The Plastic Habit

Eco Canteen Water Bottles Allow You To Kick The Plastic Habit

More and more people are joining in on the green revolution by making their own contribution, one step at a time. These days, it is getting more apparent that our planet is in danger and it is our responsibility to save the world that we live in.

There is a multitude of things that we can do to help our planet. It doesn’t have to be extravagant; it can just be a small thing like making a habit out of recycling materials or making sure that you are throwing out the trash in the appropriate garbage bins. Or maybe you could take part in a green organization and become an advocate to promote the green revolution.

Whatever it is that you decide to do to help out, you are assured that it can make a big difference. One good way to make a difference is to refrain from using anything that is created with plastic. There is a multitude of health hazards that are accompanied by making use of plastic. For one thing, plastics make up a huge portion of the things that are thrown into the landfills. Plastics also employ manufacturing techniques that can be toxic and there are dangerous chemicals that are associated with them that could potentially result in hazardous health risks.

You can easily stop the huge consumption of plastics by making use of reusable stainless steel water containers as opposed to using plastic bottles. This is where Eco Canteen comes in. A fantastic reusable water container, Ecocanteen is incredibly handy and extremely eco-friendly. Its major characteristic is its wide mouth that is large enough to put ice cubes in and makes it easier to clean. It is made from a non-porous material that resists the growth of bacteria and it is safe to put in a dishwasher. The overall design is simple and sleek and it is perfect for going to the gym or bringing it along with you to work. It fits in any car cup holder and there is a clip that is included in the package for securing it to your backpack or gym bag.

Eco Canteen is relatively cheaper than most water bottles on the market, which means that you get to save money and the planet as well. So if you’re looking for a fantastic water container that is inexpensive and environmentally friendly, choose Eco Canteen and you won’t be disappointed.

Stop by http://www.ecocanteenreviews.com and see what other are saying about the fabulous Eco Canteen

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Helpful Tips on How to Clean Baby Bottles

Helpful Tips on How to Clean Baby Bottles

Nurturing your child can be done in so many possible ways. Keep your babies from harm and protect them from any other health hazards through baby bottle cleaning. It doesn’t really matter whether you choose a machine to wash baby bottles or you decide to clean them by hand. What matters is you have the basic supplies to do the cleaning. Prepare the basics like hot water, soap and a good brush for bottles and nipples. It has always been advisable to wash baby bottles right after use to prevent caking of milk on the bottle and creating a foul smell which is difficult to get rid of. This is especially so if you are using plastic baby bottles. With glass nursing bottles, stinky smell of spoiled milk can be easily removed.

 

Never let dirty bottles sleep overnight. Start off cleaning by pouring out leftover milk and rinsing the bottle with warm water. It will be easier to clear out bottles with warm water instead of tap water. If you will be using dishwashers, the first two procedures will also be recommended. For those mothers who want to do baby bottle cleaning by hand, still rinse the dirty bottle with warm water and follow instructions above. Next, you need to fill a large basin with warm water and soap where the bottles and nipples could be placed. This will speed up the cleaning process as you soak other bottles while cleaning one after the other. Brush the bottles in and out using a baby bottle brush that is not too hard to scrape off the plastic. Bottles and nipples wear and tear due to hard baby bottles brush. Move the brush along the edges to remove filmy milk residue. This will also get rid of bacteria that thrive inside unwashed bottles. After the brushing process, you may need to rinse off the soap and dry the bottles in a bottle rack.

 

Bottle sterilization is recommended to babies who are affected with immune disorders. Although there are communities with reliably clean water supply especially those using sanitized water system, pediatricians still recommend bottle sterilization for babies until after two months old. The sterilization process is very simple though. Just fill out a pot of water, put the bottles, nipples and other feeding accessories then bring to boil for five minutes. Exceeding this required time can distort the shape of the feeding supplies especially when they are made out of low quality materials and plastic. After the boiling, remove the items. Bottle sterilization ends in towel drying or air-drying the items.

 

Sanitation for baby feeding accessories is a surefire way to prevent bacteria from causing your baby health hazards. The bottle cleaning method seems to be stressful but prevention will always be better than cure. Securing cleanliness with things you use for nursing your child is securing health and saving money. Let baby bottle cleaning and bottle sterilization be a systematic practice of every nursing mother in ensuring proper hygiene for their babies. 

 

Whether you wash your baby bottles by hand or with a dishwasher it shouldn’t really matter. What is most important is that you use hot, sterile water for thorough rinsing, the proper soap and a good brush to wipe off caked milk and other debris on the bottles and nipples.

 

To learn more about baby bottle cleaning ; and additional tips about baby bottle sterilization please visit Aha! Baby.

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Plastic or Glass Baby Bottles: How to Make a Smart Choice

Plastic or Glass Baby Bottles: How to Make a Smart Choice

The use of plastic or glass baby bottles has been the object of debate for most nursing mothers and health advocates. Issues on practicality, durability and security need to be addressed if you want to choose the best for your newborn.  This article will discuss different views on each of these choices, identify their advantages and disadvantages and leave you with enough information to make an informed choice.

 

In the past, mothers have had no choice but to use glass baby bottles in feeding their babies. The physical characteristic of bottles made out of glass has brought out many setbacks about it as compared to those made out of plastics. Glass baby bottles are heavy. You can never let you growing baby have the ease to learn to self-feed because the weight of the glass hinders him to prop the bottle up all by himself. Moreover, dangers of glass breakage during late night feeding are feared by almost all nursing mothers. Bulky and fragile, nursing bottles made out of glass could never be a handy accessory in picnics and other family outdoor activities. However, glass baby bottles do not retain odor after soap wash and do not pose health hazards to children.

 

The rise of plastic baby bottles has set aside the ones made out of glass in terms of practicality and durability. After introduction, these plastic bottles have dominated the infant world because of its advantages. Bottles made out of plastic are light and handy. Night feedings will not be much of a burden because the bottles are light enough to be propped up. This characteristic of weight and size is also advantageous to the whole family as compared to glass bottles since plastic bottles can be brought anywhere, anytime. In addition, plastic baby bottles relieve you of the fear of breaking. Plastics endure sterilizations and ensure easy cleaning. This is an addressed to issues of durability and efficiency.

 

For quite sometime, nursing mothers have made plastic bottles their top choice yet certain health issues entailed with plastic manufacture has alarmed the world at large and has returned the market to glass baby bottles. Biphenol A (BPA) was known to be hazardous to infants most especially causing health problems like cancer and hormone system change. Producers of plastic baby bottles acted on this issue and have made sure that they utilized no BPA in further manufacture of their products. The BPA fever has crashed all the advantages mothers have seen in every plastic baby bottle and has brought glass baby bottles back to the mainstream.. Here, durability and practicability were set aside for health concerns.

 

The BPA issue was further addressed by health organizations and mothers were then assured that no such chemical can now be found in plastic baby bottles. Every concern for each product was dealt with accordingly and mothers are left in crossroads of choosing between plastic and glass. The problem can only be solved with mothers knowing their priorities for the babies – what their baby needs at the moment should be the basis of their choice.

 

 

You can learn more about the advantages of glass baby bottles compared to plastic baby bottles and a more detailed discussion about how to choose the right bottle for you on Aha! Baby.

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