Choose from wide range of India Tour Packages

Choose from wide range of India Tour Packages

The enchanting land of India attracts millions of tourists annually from all corners of the world. This is the land bestowed with all the elements of natural beauty. India is home to sky touching Himalayas, grand coastline, large plains, lush green forests, meandering rivers and other myriad attractions. Besides, India is a melting pot of cultures. If you want to explore this rich land of diverse features, you can book interesting India tour packages.

If you are planning a tour to India, you can contact any reputed India travel agent for obtaining information about the travel packages. You can book an India Tour Packages according to your interests, time and budget requirements. You can choose from variety if tour packages that are designed for the interest of different categories of people. For instance, you can choose hill station packages, honeymoon packages, weekend packages, Uttar Pradesh packages, religious packages, Boating packages, golfing packages, golden Triangle tour packages and more.

You can enjoy a memorable travel in India, as there is no other place in the world as diverse as vibrant as beautiful as India. There are several places in India where you can spend good time. For instance, if you are a beach person, there are plenty of options in India. Beaches of Goa and Kerala are famous world over for their pristine beauty. If you like to explore soft beauty of Nature, you can any hill station located in the lap of Himalayas. Some of the most popular hill stations of India include Shimla, Kullu Manali, Auli, Dehradun in North India and Ooty and Kodaikanal and others in South India.

For those who love to explore the rich history and culture of India, a visit to Rajasthan would be apt decision. There is several India tour packages designed for Rajasthan.

You can search online Travel Packages offered by several India travel operators.

For more information on India Travel or India Tour Operators visit swatitravel.com

You can also know about Luxury Hotels in Delhi at hotelswati.com

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North East Package Tour – North East Package TourTour North East India to enjoy a memorable vacation

North East Package Tour – North East Package TourTour North East India to enjoy a memorable vacation

North East Tour Packages

North East Tour Packages will introduce you to the belt of gushing rivers, cool Blue Mountains, lustrous virgin greens and serene valleys. Well, North east package tour is not just one of those normal relaxing holidays, but it’s one such treasures of Mother Nature that will completely rejuvenate and refresh your senses. No holiday package can beat the charm and charisma of North East Tour Packages.

North East Package Tour

North east are not restricted to relaxing holidays only. The place is perfect for a variety theme based tour packages. North East Packages Tour wide array of attractions in north east India with North east tour packages that suits your taste and interest. The belt offers Nature walks among aromatic tea plantations, Jungle safaris in the wildlife sanctuaries and parks, Adventure sporting like trekking, paragliding, and river rafting etc, a tour of Buddhist monasteries for spirituality seekers, Ancient Buddhist folk art, articles and handicrafts for art lovers & history buffs and Colourful festivals for all those looking for some rich cultural glimpse. Showcasing the true beauty of the mighty Himalayas, North East Package Tour offers glimpse of unique culture, sophisticated ethnicity and picturesque natural beauty to every traveller wanting for great holiday in the arms of Mother Nature. While exploring to these places, the tourists can witness the dazzling natural treasures of the place. The tourist can explore to this part of India to discover existing mysteries of the land. The East India adds feathers of beauty, where the tourists used to come to visit, since time immortal.

North East Inida Tour Packages

Comprising the states of Assam,Meghalaya, Manipur,Mizoram,Nagaland,Tripura and Arunanchal Pradesh,Poularly called the “Seven sisters” the northeastern region of India possesses all the attractions ,except the sea.to compensate this aspect,there are numerous large lakes,like Loktak,Umiam and Dumboor. In North East Tour Packages the tourists can enjoy the enchanting beauty of the hill stations of Darjeeling, Manali, Ooty, Gangtok, Ladakh, Itanagar, Gulmarg etc. The Hills of Himalayan range unfolds its beauty in the eastern parts of India, where the tourists can find a peaceful holiday spot to refresh their mind. The tourists can enjoy toy train in the hill stations of Darjeeling and Manali. While exploring the hill city, Shillong the tourists can find a close resemblance with the hill stations of the Scotland. The waterfall of the place has attracted many tourists from very distant places. The east of India is a home to variety of flora and fauna. So the tourists can discover a lot of wild species and captivate them in their cameras during the North East India tour.

Author is an associate editor for North East Package Tour. Get all possible information about North East Packages and North East India Tour Packages. We also provide information about online hotel reservation, Flights Booking and Holiday Packages in India.

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Visit the Paradise on Earth with our India Tour Packages

Visit the Paradise on Earth with our India Tour Packages

India is a rich nation that attracts tourists from all over the world. The tourist are left mesmerised with what India holds for them . the beautiful Himalayan ranges, the Ganges, the plains, that desert, beaches, flora and fauna and many more. India is a one spot destination for all types of vacations. Whether is for honeymooners, families, religious peoples, adventurous people, etc, India has many destinations to offer to all. Discovering the whole India is simply impossible in a single India tours.

The country is so vast and rich that it attracts tourists like a magnet from all corners of the world. It has a wide range of destinations to choose from. The most popular packages among these are Zonal Packages India is divided in to 5 Zonal packages that include East India Tour Packages, South India Tour Package, Package Tour of West India, North India Package Tours and Tour Packages for central India.

This tour packages gives an opportunity to the tourist to have a glimpse of different corners of India with different attractions, traditions and lifestyles. Golden Triangle Tour Packages This is one of the most famous tour packages of India covering the three major cities of north India; Delhi, Jaipur and Agra. All 3 places have many world heritage sites, forts, palaces and monuments that modern and historical. Beach Tours Water surrounds India on three sides. There is no doubt that India offers many beautiful experiences of the cities that are located near the beaches of India.

The most famous among all beach places is the Goa and Mumbai tours. Another famous destinations for beach tours id the Kerala backwaters, that give an opportunity to the tourists to enjoy the backwaters on beautiful houseboats. Some well known beaches are Baga and Anjuna (Goa), Chowpatty and Juhu (Mumbai), and Marina Beach (Chennai). Hill Station Tours The great Himalayan range has blessed India with plenty of beautiful hill stations in the north. Himachal Pradesh provides the most fabulous hill stations like Dharamshala, Manali, Kullu, Shimla, etc. They are good destinations for taking a break from the busy city life and enjoying the serenity of the mountains and pleasant weather.

Backwater Tours Packages The backwaters in Kerala are amazing. Ordinary, yet extremely appealing, the backwaters allure tourists to spend their vacations in the middle if the natural beauty and enjoy a simple and tranquil life. Wildlife Tours India has nearly 440 wildlife sanctuaries and 80 national parks. It is evident that this country has great potential to offer mystical and adventurous wildlife packages to its tourists. India is home to amazing species of birds, animals and reptiles.

Not only lovers of adventure and safari come here, but even many wildlife entusiatts and scientist come to study this mystical nation’s mystical flora and fauna. Some famous sites are Periyar National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Corbett National Park, Kaziranga national parks and many more. These are some of the most popular tour packages of India and other packages are pilgrimage, historical, cultural, etc.

Author is an eminent analyst for India Tour. Get all possible information about India Tour Packages and Travel Packages India at here only.

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India Honeymoon – India Tour Packages

India Honeymoon – India Tour Packages

India tour package

India is the land of one of the oldest civilizations. Scattered with wealthy kingdom India has been dreamland for people since ages. India is considered as vast canvass in vivid and myriad shades waiting to be explored by you. India tour package offers numerous hill stations, beaches, wildlife Sancturies, deserts and many more. India tour package offers whole lot of Feat and adventure. It will retreat your family with enchanting splendor of India. With India tour package you can explore the beautiful hilly greens of Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, and north east. You can also enjoy cultural and historical tours to Delhi, Kolkata, Agra and jaipur. India tour package will rejuvenate your lives with beautiful memories with vacation of India.

Honeymoon packages in India

Honeymoon allows you to enjoy some time and to with your beloved after the tiring schedule of your marriage. There are numerous honeymoon destinations in India with various honeymoon packages to Manali, Shimla, Srinagar, Goa, Nanital and Ooty. You can enjoy your honeymoon packages in exotic places like Leh, Kashmir, Kullu Manali, Kerala, and Rajasthan. You can also enjoy the traditions of Jodhpur, jaipur, Agra, and Delhi. Honeymoon packages in India offer you with all comfort and luxury to plan your perfect honeymoon. After your entire honeymoon is your perfect time to leave all your worries and start a new life with your beloved and cherish your honeymoon memories for life time.

Goa honeymoon package

Goa is an ideal destination for couples. Goa has long extended golden beach fringed with palm trees, aquamarine Arabian widened up to the beautiful cobalt blue firmament, surrounded by green hills covered by cashew nut grooves which can be ideal for love couple. Goa honeymoon packages include hotel and resort packages and Goa tour packages. Honeymooners generally resort to lonely and quiter part of Goa to spend time with each other. The famous beaches of Goa are Bogmallo, Majorda, Alor, Bambolim, Highland, Cidade , Baga, Anjuna and many more

Goa’s cultural festivals and fairs abound in songs and dances are also major attraction of Goa. Apart from beaches Goa is also known for its churches, temples and wildlife scantury. Goa is ideally known for its water sports activities like sailing, Para sailing, wind surfing, water sports, water skiing, wind surfing, Parasailing. So those couples who want to have adventure in their honeymoon for them also Goa is a perfect destination.

Author is an associate editor for India Tour Packages. Get all possible information about Honeymoon Packages in India and Goa Honeymoon Packages. We also provide information about online hotel reservation, Flights Booking and Holiday Packages in India.

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CGR Undertow’s Ray and Derek takes a look at TONY HAWK: SHRED, more specifically the packaging and wireless skateboard controller that comes with the game’s bundle. This is look at the Xbox 360 version and the accompanying hardware of Tony Hawk: Shred.
Video Rating: 0 / 5

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Enjoy South India Tour Packages

Enjoy South India Tour Packages

A tour through India is always a fascinating and exciting exposure to the sanity and always memorable! A huge canvas painted by a heavenly palette: gleaming blond sands, rich spices to tempt your taste buds, swarming variety of cheeping waves and much more beyond the imagination. You can enjoy the amazing destinations such as marvellous Himalayan hideaways, endless beaches of beautiful Kerala, Taj Mahal, art and sculptures, wildlife and much more to discover in India with the amazing tour packages.

There are numerous India tour packages available, if you just want to observe the endless beaches and amazing sea food of Kerala then you can book Kerala tours packages or you just to arrest the astonishing Taj Mahal into your memories forever then Taj Mahal tour packages available for you. With the increased number of tourists, we are proficient to offer great India tour packages at reasonable rates.

These tour packages are very popular among tourists. We can assist you find for whatever you want to see and enjoy in India. We can also assist you in shaping your programme as per your requirement and time limit. So you can anytime contact us when you decide to go for India tours. We have professional and experienced people and they are very proficient in their job, we are effectively engaged in travel and tourism business and have arranged together dedicated and qualified employees focused on their work. Certainly our commitment to India tour is incomparable.

Our motto is to help you understand and value India completely. In our schedule we have a tendency not to suggest one reputed and expensive hotel one after another in the expected carousel of tourist spots, rather we prefer using our knowledge and conclusion to bring in attractive differences where suitable. Nor do we consistently suggest flying between places; this is not a proper way to assess the beat of a nation, so rail and road trips are better way to enjoy the domestic things of any place.

We sincerely consider that estimating these aspects is one of the keys to pleasing and satisfying holidays in India. You will undoubtedly enjoy India tour packages, where you can get to see end number of tourist attractions that have always fascinated the travellers from the whole globe. You can opt Kerala tour packages, Taj Mahal tour packages, Ayurveda tours packages, wildlife tour packages and several kinds of packages in just one country, so you get the opportunity to visit several types of places. If you are planning to come in a group and some member of your group just want to visit the marvellous beaches and some are interested in wildlife or monuments then you need not to worry about because you get all these packages in India tour packages. So get ready to discover the incredible parts of India. There are numerous historical legacies and monuments that you must view in your lifetime.

Our cheap Kerala tour packagescombine the most popular travellers destinations on India. We are highly experienced taj mahal tour and tour packages service provider and leader in the industry. We have professional, proficient and knowledgeable travel guides.

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Golden Triangle Tour Packages Enjoy the Charming and Attractive Sites of India

Golden Triangle Tour Packages Enjoy the Charming and Attractive Sites of India

Golden Triangle Tour- (Best tour package to visit North Indian states)

India is a great tourist country. People from all parts of the world visit India to explore its stunning attractions. The diverse geographical and climatic condition makes India rich in natural attractions. India is a vast country and one cannot explore whole India at a time. Therefore, tourist prefer package tour in India. They can get a package to explore the desired and targeted attractions. The golden triangle is the name given to the tour package consisting of three of the major tourist destinations of India namely Delhi, Agra and Rajasthan. The golden triangle has every that Indian tourism is recognized with. Interestingly the golden triangle is the region that has played major role in the history of the land and that is the region that it has many of the important monuments which are magnanimous in terms of size and magnificent in terms of beauty.

 

Golden Triangle Tour Packages are the cheapest and best packages for the internationally tourists. By selecting one package of these tour packages, the visitors can get a glimpse of exploring the win-hearted natural beauty of north India. The visitors can explore the fascinating and exquisite forts, palaces, temples, gardens with one of the beautiful monuments etc. The Golden Triangle Tour Packages include a trip to Delhi-the capital of India, Agra-home of the Taj Mahal and the pink city of Jaipur. If you want to visit India, and want to see the beauty of India and nature also, you can choose the most famous Golden Triangle Tour Packages.

 

A first destination of golden triangle tour is Delhi. It is the capital city of India and main point of arrival for overseas visitors, and the major transport hub for destinations in the states of rajasthan, the Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Ladakh as well as central north India. The charm of Delhi has attracted Emperors, Conquerors and poor in equally. It is correctly said that Delhi is a land of ‘Dilwalas’ or for people with heart. This phrase acquires a true colour when one goes around the lanes of Delhi. It is laced with glorious history of various dynasties. From modern building to ruins of the heritage structures, all can be seen here. There are several tourist attractions in the city without which Delhi is not complete. From Red fort, Lotus Temple and Chandni Chowk to Modern art Gallery, Purana Quila and many more, Delhi boasts of an infinite range of touristy places. The Delhi Metro is another remarkable achievement of the city in the recent years.

 

A second destination of golden triangle tour is Agra is one of the most sought after destination of the word. Agra attracts a flurry of tourists from all over the world. Agra, the Mughal city of India is international known for its famous attraction: Taj Mahal.

Completed in 1653 A.D., The Taj Mahal built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as the final resting place for his favourite Queen, Mumtaz. Finished in by Marvel, it is perhaps India most fascinating and beautiful monument. There are very few cities in the world that can match the history and heritage of Agra. Agra is not only a famous tourist destination but is a shopper’s paradise too. There are plenty of shopping areas and shopping malls where one can buy the specialties of the place. The main shopping areas in Agra include Taj Mahal complex, Kinari Bazaar, Raja Mandi, Sadar Bazaar. the Gangotri at Taj Mahal Complex etc.  The Taj Mahal is ethereal at any part of the day – blushing in the rosy glow of dawn or sunset, appearing like a pearly mirage in the moonlight or reflected in the pools of the garden. The other attractions of Agra are Agra Fort, Sikandara, Fatehpur Sikari and many more to explore.

 

Third and last destination of golden triangle tour is Jaipur that is capital of Rajasthan. Jaipur is one of the major tourist destinations of India; Jaipur is given a world wild title, as the Pink City due to the pink wash applied to its buildings. This city is abounded by forts, monuments, temples and gardens that remind you of the history of the Rajput warriors and their culture and tradition. Jaipur was founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber. Jaipur is the first planned city of India, located in the semi-desert lands of Rajasthan. Its majestic attractions include architectural marvels such as City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Amber Fort, Jantar Mantar and Nahargarh Fort etc. Jaipur’s bazaars sell embroidered leather shoes, blue pottery, tie and dye scarves and other exotic wares. Jalmahal, Laxmi Narayan Temple Vidhtadhar Garden Central Museum are some of the other destination in Jaipur.

 

Golden Triangle Tour is well customized tour package that provide an opportunity to visit some of world renowned palaces of Rajasthan. Golden Triangle Tour Package is the best way to explore the famous attractions of India in short duration. If you want to take a trip of these three beautiful cities of India then choose Golden Triangle Tour Packages and fulfill your wish. For more detail you can visit us at or for booking your Golden Triangle Tour you can call us at +91-9971676757, 9868939348.

 

Article Source: www.toursinrajasthan.com

Celebrate and enjoy your holiday <a target=”_new” rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:_gaq.push([‘_trackPageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link’]);” href=” <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:_gaq.push([‘_trackPageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link’]);” href=”http://www.toursinrajasthan.com/golden-triangle-tour-packages.php”>http://www.toursinrajasthan.com/golden-triangle-tour-packages.php” Golden Triangle Tour Packages> with us For More Detail Visit us at <a target=”_new” rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:_gaq.push([‘_trackPageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link’]);” href=” <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:_gaq.push([‘_trackPageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link’]);” href=”http://www.toursinrajasthan.com/”>http://www.toursinrajasthan.com/ ” Tours in Rajasthan>

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Sony Ericsson’s Biodegradable Phone

Sony Ericsson’s Biodegradable Phone

Sony Ericsson has announced plans to explore using environmentally sound components in its cell phones.Cell phones are not biodegradable, containing small amounts of potentially harmful substances in batteries which, if not disposed of properly, could damage the environment.

The GreenHeart concept will research green technologies, using bio-plastic housings, recycled plastic keypads, zero charger with 3.5mW standby power, HTML based e-manuals, a game style educational application ‘Ecomate’ and environmentally conscious packaging.

Sony Ericsson has announced plans to explore using environmentally sound components in its cell phones.

Cell phones are not biodegradable, containing small amounts of potentially harmful substances in batteries which, if not disposed of properly, could damage the environment.

The GreenHeart concept will research green technologies, using bio-plastic housings, recycled plastic keypads, zero charger with 3.5mW standby power, HTML based e-manuals, a game style educational application ‘Ecomate’ and environmentally conscious packaging.

“The global take back scheme and the GreenHeart project bring us closer to our vision of being a leader in sustainability in the mobile phone industry,” said Mats Pellback-Scharp, Head of Corporate Sustainability for Sony Ericsson.

Sony Ericsson has also setup collection points to recycle used cell phones in an environmentally sound way. There are currently more than 500 collection points in India, Taiwan, China, Thailand, Singapore, USA and Mexico. By 2009, it plans to rollout the program in all the countries in which it operates.

“The global take back scheme
and the GreenHeart project bring us closer to our vision of being a leader in sustainability in the mobile phone industry,” said Mats Pellback-Scharp, Head of Corporate Sustainability for Sony Ericsson.

Sony Ericsson has also setup collection points to recycle used cell phones in an environmentally sound way. There are currently more than 500 collection points in India, Taiwan, China, Thailand, Singapore, USA and Mexico. By 2009, it plans to rollout the program in all the countries in which it operates.
Sony Ericsson has announced plans to explore using environmentally sound components in its cell phones.

Cell phones are not biodegradable, containing small amounts of potentially harmful substances in batteries which, if not disposed of properly, could damage the environment.

The GreenHeart concept will research green technologies, using bio-plastic housings, recycled plastic keypads, zero charger with 3.5mW standby power, HTML based e-manuals, a game style educational application ‘Ecomate’ and environmentally conscious packaging.

“The global take back scheme and the GreenHeart project bring us closer to our vision of being a leader in sustainability in the mobile phone industry,” said Mats Pellback-Scharp, Head of Corporate Sustainability for Sony Ericsson.

Sony Ericsson has also setup collection points to recycle used cell phones in an environmentally sound way. There are currently more than 500 collection points in India, Taiwan, China, Thailand, Singapore, USA and Mexico. By 2009, it plans to rollout the program in all the countries in which it operates.

Metal Packagaging a 21st century solution

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Capacity Building and E.extension for Enhancing Agriculture Productivity in India

Capacity Building and E.extension for Enhancing Agriculture Productivity in India

Abstract

The green, white and blue revolutions gave us food security. The high yielding varieties and new technologies were webbed with chemical farming. Even today we have critical gaps existing in productivity of food grains between technology using farms and traditional farming practices. The chemical farming resulted in the soil degradation, water pollution, soil erosions and salinity. By now, we face land degradation problems in 173 million hectares which is around 53% of cultivated land. Annually we loose 5000 Million Tones of top soil with NPK losses of 5-8 Million tones per year.

In Mahrastra a survey showed that the depth of black soil was 60 cms in 1910 which has reduced now. About 18% of it has turned as shallow land. Reduced soil depth has resulted into low productivity, increases soil runoffs and drought like conditions. Therefore to avoid these ill effects we have to link strong information and communication methods for soil mapping, annual rainfall data, rain and climatic forecasts with farming operations (Wani, 2005).

Resource conservation & their proper utilization needs adequate knowledge, which could be obtained through advanced satellite system and relied back through communication mechanism. Thus, for enhancing agricultural production, communication tools have to be used.

It is time for sustainable agriculture. We should make use of mud waste, farm yard manure, waste cakes, municipality wastes and green wastes for increasing phosphorus, nitrogen and micro nutrients in the soil. It has been found that these substitutes have a capacity of giving 1-2% of Phosphorus and Nitrogen and provide about 40-45% micro nutrients. Therefore, a new strategy to use crop stubs, waste tree leaves, waste orchard residues and other agriculture waste material for improving soil has to be advocated.

Although we use pesticides worth 3500 crores. In urban India we use 1000 crores of pestices in domestic homes. In 1948 malaria took lives of 2-8 million people in Malaysia. With use of DDT the toll of death reduced to 17 in 1963. Thus a balance between food security and environment purity is to be maintained in developing countries. This denotes maintenance of a balance between food security and environmental protection or purity. The ways and means in this direction shall be discussed in this paper.
1. Introduction

The green, white and blue revolutions gave us food security. The high yielding varieties and new technologies were webbed with chemical farming. Even today we have critical gaps existing in productivity of food grains by use of technology and those produced at traditional farmer’s field. The chemical farming resulted in the soil degradation, water pollution, soil erosions and soil salinity .By now we face land degradation problems in 173 million hectares which is around 53% of cultivated land. Annually we loose 5000 Million Tones of top soil with NPK losses of 5-8 Million tones per year. In Mahrastra a survey showed that the depth of black soil was 60 cms in 1910 which has reduced now. About 18% of it has turned as shallow land. Reduced soil depth has resulted into low productivity, increases soil runoffs and drought like conditions. Therefore to avoid these ill effects we have to link strong information and communication methods for soil mapping, annual rainfall data, rain and climatic forecasts with farming operations (Wani, 2005). Resource conservation & proper utilization needs adequate knowledge, which could be obtained through advanced satellite system and relied back through communication mechanism. Thus, for enhancing agricultural production communication tools have to be used.
2. Land Holding

We have to use more technology based cropping system to increase productivity per unit land. Horizontal expansion is not possible. Embargo on indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and other farm-use-agents is another constraint to increase productivity of food grain. Unfortunately our food grain-production pace has declined. Growth rate of 1-2% has put pressures on our economy. Imports of food grains, an anomaly over past decade, needs problem- cause- analysis.

The whole system of National Agricultural Research, extension and field functionaries have registered a fatigue. Similarly, the land degradation, mineral depletion and environmental pollution demands new mechanism to boost productivity. Perhaps use of electronic media, e-extension and agricultural reforms in the shape of revised KVK system, ATMA, village level rural development, self-help groups and agri-information Kioses needs introduction. State Agriculture Management and Extension Training Institute (SAMETI) may help to make adjustments in our farming system so as to integrate agriculture, aquaculture, water conservation and livestock rearing with new technology driven profit earning enterprises. This needs a continued and farmer friendly policies of sustainable agriculture. In these pages we shall discuss role of communication in agriculture technology application for higher productivity and profits per unit of land. Technology awareness and application is must to produce more per unit of land. We do have a chance as our yields are lower than many counties and even our neighboring countries (Samra & sastry 2002).
3. Organic Farming.

Organic farming is advocated as modern technology. We left our traditional organic farming for adopting chemical farming, which landed us in trouble. This rotation of modernity and traditionality taxed us heavily. We perhaps jumped in adopting or testing technologies without comparing them with our own practices. Now reverting back to our own traditional ways is fraught with problems too. The questions often asked are, can we sustain or even maintain our productivity levels by resorting to the organic farming?. The Blending of modern technology of today and traditional technology of yester years, may answer this question. Can information and communication skills and technology bridge a new union?
4. Information and communication technology

The present day information and communication technology has trespassed all barriers of race, religion, culture and countries. A Comprehensive study of 23 review papers and a dozen book and journals was presented by (Wani 2005). A detailed description of how communication and information can help production and sustain yields has been discussed (Wani 2006) . Strong warning systems for climatic risks, floods and cyclones, pests and mites could help to raise more crops. Farming informatics and awareness packages through print, mass and now E-mails is possible. The role of competitive farming, economic survey and evaluation of farming and women’s integration needs attention. Women, the half of agricultural work force is still unawares of the technological skills. The barriers of customs, veil, religion and social bondages could be overcomed by educating them through TV, cassettes, e-mails or other modern communication appliances.
5. Phyto sanitation

Technology transfer is easy. We can announce technology practices or even demonstrate them. The key issue is its adoption. India with 25% of its GDP from agriculture spends some 12% of GDP on its subsidies rather than on transfer of technology. Blending subsidies with agricultural exports will need a drastic cut under new WTO agreements. The global market access opportunity limit of 3% import shall further complicate the issues. The international standards of sanitation shall need more awareness at farmer’s doors. Our Agricultural exports from 12 agricultural items has been up and now we export around 18.45% agricultural good in the shape of apiculture, floriculture, fresh fruits, mushroom, spices, sugar, molasses, rice, tropical fruit juices, pulp, concentrates and even agro-chemicals. Fruits, nuts and vegetables have increased our export earnings. Our limitations in expanding our exports are infrastructure to provide international biosafe packaging, phyto sanitation & quarantine measures. Our yields too are low to compete with others. Thus, transfer of technology has not to be limited to man methods, publication, leaflets, folders, bulletins, newsletters, journals, magazine, news paper publication, rural farm broadcasts or television interviews but has to be supplemented with video conferencing, massive awareness campaigns through video cassettes, cable net works and other local farm telecasts. The propaganda, publicity and persuasion has to be supplied with communication skills like rural journalism, popular participation, motivation and more so through management of information systems.

The farm visits, farmers calls, letters have to be intensified. Farmers need information on markets, bio standards and marketing research and networking mechanisms.
6. Small Farmer- the small holder

Another vulnerable class in India is small (holder). Over 65% of our farmers are small holders. The technologies generated are mostly for commercial farmers. The small holders have not only limited hold on land but on information too. Their case is further complicated as they do other work additionally as the small holdings is not sufficient to sustain them. They have limited access to knowledge. Even the word Bauern or Landliche Gebiete (German), peasant or country side (English) campagne, brousse/paysan(French) and Campo/Campesino Spanish denote that extension work is a mission. One with love for country side and farmers alone could execute this task properly. He has to be well versed with objectives, problem, targets and implementation process. He has to make situation analysis and avoid group clashes in the country side. Thus, the knowledge and experiences of farmers, psychological values, expectations, needs and attitudes are to be organized. This organization and evaluation is not possible without use of modern and applicable communication methods. Welding communication with Agri -technology is the need of the hour.
7. Communication methods

Passing on information to farmers is basic fundamental of any extension activity. The basic need for learning process is communication.

Factors influencing communication range from person, his personality, his social relation, knowledge, the social and economic parameters of farmers. Their knowledge expectation, experiences and perception needs monitoring and evaluation before technology transfer.
8. Review of communication Vs Agri Production

I. Critical yield gap reduction.

In Kenya, use of advanced information and communication technologies reduced gaps in yields of Agricultural crops between research and farmer’s fields. (Oguya and Bellamy, 2001). A country where 70% population is connected with agriculture for livelihood directly or indirectly and 80% of its export is agricultural oriented. Reduction in yield gaps through effective use of information and communication technology will have a significant impact.
II. Climatic risks and communication

The low productivity in Soyabean was found to be due to partial adoption of Production recommendations by farmers in Mahrastra, India. The low yield factors were analyzed. Economic constraints, situational factors and communication gaps on crop production, protection, seed treatment and fertilizer application were found responsible for it (Jaiswal et al, 2002).

The modernization of the material and technical information base helped Cuba to increase agricultural production and rural development on a pilot basis (Albelo. et al. 2002).
9..Precision Agriculture

Precision Agriculture till date has focused on site-specific data collection for soil and crop management. The technologies for the site-specific field operations and automated data recording are available, but precision agriculture rarely involves them for improvement. The application of precision agriculture has to be clubbed with information and communication networking to harvest the gains and to improve productivity. This network may consist of an open software platform, which can be operated by the farmer himself. For efficient communication internet and mobile telecommunication have been identified as important components. The development of an information and communication network integrating modern software (Java, GIS) and hardware (GPS, internet) technologies in a new user friendly manner is necessary to achieve better acceptance of technologies and improved productivity (Lutticken, et al 2000).
10. Satellite data as source of communication

Use of satellite data- (Star and Spot – lite) helped time – critical dependant applications in Australia. The Australian centre for remote sensing (ACRES) has introduced a new service to provide satellite data for near real time applications. The STAR (Speedy Transmission after reception) service provides access to digital satellite data products in full resolution or compressed format within 12 hrs of a Satellite overpass. The data obtained from ground stations is processed at a facility via a high speed communication link and high priority processing. This system provides Satellite data on critical applications, like crop yield modeling, pre-harvest crop production forecasting, detecting crop diseases, monitoring crop stress, pest infestation, floods, fires and oil-spills.

SPOT – LITE is a low cost, off the shelf satellite data product from ACRES that is ideal for use in Geographical information system (GIS). SPOT-LITE can be accessed at any time via the internet and is available in the form of tiles covering most of Australia (Thankappanm 2001).

Advance studies with high applications for increasing agricultural production needs quick dissemination. The effect of rooting zone restriction (RZR) on vegetative and reproductive growth of fruit trees viz grapes, peach and citrus has been investigated. It is known that it improved crop productivity under low availability of water. (Wang et al. 2002)
11. Communication networking

The available communication facilities for agricultural information in 15 states of India were studied. (Ghosh 2002). The results suggest that while communication networking opens up agricultural economy, it is not cost effective. The communication networking has to become cost effective.

An attempt to have better communication between various forest research divisions and other organization interested in sustainable forestry have shown encouraging results. (Barbour and Wong 2001)

An attempt was made to have quick information flow among and between researchers, extension officers and dairy farmers in East Azerbaijan, Iran. The information input, output and intersystem communication were studied. The communication linkage improved the productivity. (Rezvanfar,2001)

The basic tools of marketing premotion of fertilizers in India was studied. (Yadav, 2002). The information like advertising, public relation and personal selling was found to be best promoters.

In the “Unique Selling” approach of the communicator effects target audience. The impact of integrated approach utilizing computers in agricultural information & dissemination in Greece and Poland was studied. (Tzortzios et al 2001). The gap in technology known and applied at farmers field was found. Researchers lack training in using new information technologies. Thus improvement in Agricultural productivity has to keep pace with advanced communication and information technology using computers.

Joint problem solving sessions and communications networking of information on agriculture has improved sugarcane production in Mauritius (Jhoty et al; 2001).
12. Technological Prospective

The technological gaps between research yields and Farmers yields are wide. The technological know how generated over years is still on shelf. Much of it has remained frozen if not dead within the fore walls of institutions. The location specific, crop and soil specific innovations to farmer’s practices are few. Our integrated & mixed farming practiced by our farmer’s needs improvements which is not forth coming. Our research institutes mostly aped the experimentations on commercial farming of west with few modifications and even additions at times. Our traditional agriculture existing still in remote areas encompass the use of farm yard manure, vormiculture & use of agricultural waste materials. The present problems of low soil fertility, reduction in yields and soil salinity have arisen due to excessive use of chemical inputs in farming with little care of the soil.

This scenario resulted due to incomplete innovative approaches of research. Our researchers blindly advocated more and more use of fertilizers, pesticides and fungicides, which helped to gain grain revolutions, but left legacy of polluted water, air & environment with degraded soils. These revolutions debarred future sustenance. This was due to poor perception & vision to fore see the net results on long time frame.

The immediate need is to make researchers akin with information technology and advanced communication. The rapid evolution of information science demands quick and speedy transfer of technologies, awareness & even subject reviews to farmer’s for speedy application. The productivity would be better if technological advances are adopted and their impact is known. The knowledge of computer hardware, software as well interlinking the information dissemination channels and outlets is essential. A new concept of Farmer school with communication system can resolve 70% problems of farmers on spot. Kissan call centre (1551) and the Zraye Paigam shall widen the messages.
13. Decision Support System

The globalization of agriculture marketing has put forth new challenges. It is not only the yield which matters, but the benefit /cost ratio. The economic viability of an agricultural product has now more importance. The product even if economic and globally competitive has to pass quality tests. The international phyto sanitation standards are going to be tougher. The emergence of diseases like Mad cow disease or even SAARS being linked to animal cultures and other diseases from Agricultural & Livestock products warrants biosafe agricultural produce. The decision have to be supported with information not only on marketing, international safety stands but also on a law regulating agencies and regulations too. Unawareness of these support system could lead us to bankruptcy. Thus a strong case for tools and information management comes into force.

The international computer networking and communication systems alone could help in decision making for appropriate and economic viable agricultural production. (Tzortzios et al 2001)20
14. Intelligent Agri-Management.

Now we do talk of ecologically based pest management instead of integrated pest Management (IPM) . The buzz word for future in this regard is intelligent pest Management (IPM). As the system now advocated is not the blanket sprays of chemical pesticides but intelligent and well computed programmes of pest management, which incorporates their safe and long term application, economic viability and biosafety of products. Perhaps a well documented interaction between farmers, extension education workers, researchers and policy makers is necessary. This would take years if communication methodology of video conferencing, internet and related satellite technological advancement in communication is not used. This is what would be future intelligent Agricultural Management.
15. Participatory management

The whole system of Agricultural research, teaching and extension in NARS needs renewal. A composite ARS system has to be introduced with strong basic of communication and IT. All programmes in the field should be participatory. All agencies be it ICAR, CSIR, RRL, Universities, SAU or other institutions and industry have to be webbed to getter with extension delivery systems in the field. More participation of farmers in planning and execution of project like mega seed or mission horticulture is needed.

A true transparent and open system of selection both for Management positions and scientific positions should be advocated. Changing standards for individuals is a crime. Those at top have to exercise truth, justice and fairplay. The role of politics and politicians should be minimal in national extension delivery system. An outreach through communication and IT is the only achievable solution.
16. Our vision
1. Mixed Farm University Culture:

Higher productivity gains can be achieved through application of technology and production recommendations at farmer’s fields. We have 65% small and marginal farmers whose awareness potential is low. The production system prevailing with these farmers is a mixed farming or composite farming. In contrast to USA and European agriculture our necessity is to increase “Crop –livestock-fish-plant integrated production system with multiple livelihood opportunities”. Therefore, we need our own innovative educational and training policies. A mixed agriculture University and Education set ups is our necessity. We are at present going astray to our need. Quick and fast measures are needed to unify our educational system, involving all agriculture and allied disciplines, industries, corporate sectors and farmers institution.
2. Higher productivity Concerns:

Indian Agricultural pride years of green revolution post 1968 saw reduction in food gain imports and subsequently white, blue and other revolutions sustained our population pressures and agriculture growth. Our agricultural growth rate (AGR) need to be equal if not more to population growth rate (PGR). Our AGR target ought to be double the PGR.

This is important as consumption rates, purchasing power and employment prospects increase. An estimated food grain of 210 million tons at present may need to be doubled in next 10 years. We have to achieve high targets of productivity by vertical expansion as horizontal land expansion is just not possible. Dr. M.S. Swaminathan has quoted figures as of 160 million tones of rice from 40m hac of land, thereby setting the productivity target of 4 t/h. Like wise production of 100 million tones of wheat from 25 million tones of wheat from 25 million hectors needs a productivity of 4t/hac. Our aim to double our per hac productivity needs more technical manpower in extension, industry and at gross root level.

The climatic disasters, earthquakes, Titanic tsunami, floods; have effected our agricultural production in the past and additional requirements needs to be kept in mind while planning food security. We need to increase per capita consumption expenditures of Rs.600 per month. We need to bridge the gaps between potential and actual yields at farmers level. The chemical farming hazards of poor soil fertility, low water availability, pollution and environmental concerns impede our agricultural development. Thus refined technology, participatory research and educational modules are needed. The new pressures of Global marketing. World trade and tariff regulations have to be accommodated. This all will need incorporation of new themes like post-harvest management, value addition, packaging, communication, credit and market information services in our course curricula. Thus a new multidimensional change in academic curriculum is envisaged.
3. Quality Assurance

We feel pride in calling ourselves as the 2nd largest Agricultural Research system (ARS) in World. When we review our performance we are no where in top ten of most cited agriculture publications in the World. USA tops the world list with 3,62,79,842 cited publication/annum, with small country like Switzerland at No.10. The scientific out put in agriculture is highest in USA with 27 lac publication/year followed by Japan, Germany, U.K, France, Canada, Italy, Russia, China and Australia. Our contribution to Agriculture publication is 5.48% only with our share of citation at 2.32%. This demands more focus on Quality Assurance. Our prime agenda should be quality Agricultural Education. Our emphasis has to be on:

Academic quality, Accreditation; Desired knowledge, Assessment, Skill and competence building and academic audit. Quality assurance, means strengthening resources, information and maintenance of educational infrastructure. Thus we need to regulate grants and centre-state relations rationally.
4. Employment opportunities:

We have 45-50 state/deemed or central agricultural Universities and 200 general universalities with 48 agricultural faculties. The total disciplines needing grants may be strengthened in 5 yrs by 1 core grants to each discipline for quality assurance. We produce 10,000 under graduate 5500 post graduates and 1600 Ph.D in agriculture every years . They add to our unemployed pool. For making them self employees in new ventures and for increased employment , they need competence building in Global economics and trade policies. Biotechnology, Bioinformation, Biofertilizers, pesticides and fungicides. New faculty development in all the Universities and colleges is to be executed in coming 5 years. Such as :

Pest information and survey; Risk Management Analysis; Decision support system; Geographic information system. A new trust is to be given to course curriculum integrating field practices in a partnership mode with farmer. A teacher-student-farmer-industry, interaction and co-operation is to be developed. A new model of mechanics in Agricultural and allied curricula is to be integrated, unified and fine tuned to end results. This will demand inter and intra faculty harmony and synchronized course curricula at UG, PG and Ph.D level. This has to be fine tuned to our field requirements and location orientations
5. Asia Specific Agricultural Education:

Indian Economy is a agri-centre economy which supports 70% of our population, as direct rural employment . Forty five percent of the income generated by industries comes from Agri-based (Agro) Industries. Therefore , a vast potential and resource is hidden in it. If we think of Asia specific Agriculture, we have to play a significant role in the region which has 60% of the world population. The region is rich of energy and oil resources and millennium buzz word is open boarders and common market with first priority on peace, confidence and trust. For up-liftmen of region we need training education and human resource utilization. Therefore, Agriculture educational reforms are on our door steps to harvest the gains of common economy in the SARC and total Asian region. These educational reforms should involve schools, colleges and Universities. The re-modeling of curriculum will need incorporation of new emerging era, like competitive global marketing, the climatic, disaster, technology use, restrictions, sustainability, environment, water resource conservation, remediation factors etc.

Agri-educational reforms are needed so that ICAR parallels USDA, in governing grant-in aid to whole agriculture sector. An omnibuss act of agriculture in the shape of USA farm bill of 1996 is envisioned. New educational policies so drafted shall be non-discriminative, comprehensive , transparent and accountable.
6. Access to Education and Training:

Access to education and training to people below the poverty line, rural youth and women is to be ensured. This will need a total restructured education infrastructure. A three tyre model is envisioned which consists of:

1. On the job, training opportunities on farm mechanization and agriculture.

2. Training skills, up-gradation and rural orientation at University level, refinement and more innovative participatory mode at farmers field. Roaming teaching taught system on holidays and Sundays.

3. Teacher-student-farmer-industry-interaction-work plans-self learning by living with farmers. It will ensure quality training and job improvement of skilled manpower for use in Asian Agri development Market.
7. Informal-flexible Agriculture Information Services:

A flexible curriculum models which should have many options at B.Sc level like:

1. Natural science

2. Agri Science

– Production system

– Agri-business

– Social science

3. International Agriculture

4. Natural Resources

5. Agri-business management

6. Biological engineering

7. Dietetrics

8. Landscape Architecture

8. Export Orientation in Agri-education:

In the present era of bio-safety, phyto and zoo sanitation have assumed tremendous importance. Education and knowledge was safe and secure treasure in the past. It is no more true. The export needs knowledge and new inventions need patenting. Web and web designing have made invisible teachers to unknown students. The students-teacher relationship has raised to spiritual horizons. New targets for future educational planning and policies need to have more information and communication technology. Therefore courses on I&C with computer applications is must. These have been strengthened in the SAU and ICAR institutions in the last few years. However a total connectivity is needed with farmers, farm organizations and utilization departments to harvest the gains of technological reforms to increase our exports. Inspite of ranking I in milk production our exports are meager. This is because of poor –zoo-sanitation and Global lobiest are critical of our disease free status. Therefore, ICAR has to formulate policies and programmes in Agri-export orientation.

Professor Ghulam Mohyuddin Wani did his Ph.D from IVRI, Izatnagar in 1985 in Animal Reproduction / Gynaecology and got Dr. Med. Vet.**Additional Doc. Degree from Veterinary Institute, Deemed Univ. Hannover Germany in 1984 in the field of Animal Reproduction/ Production. He also earned DAAD Fellowship(Post Doc.) from German Academic Exchange, Hannover, Germany in Animal Breeding institute, Buetweg, Hannover,Germany and is currently Director Extension Education and Director SAMETI in the S.K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar – Srinagar.

The author can be contacted at: P.O.Box: 461, GPO, Srinagar by post or mailed at wanimohyuddin@yahoo.com

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Travel package to India

Travel package to India

To get a detailed travel guide for a comprehensive view of Indian tourist destinations all you need is a look at travel agencies India providing you with the package of your desire.

There are various travel packages India you can look up to for your required package that offers you all you want. Many agencies offer varied facilities of your desire and you just have to pick a suitable package to travel in India. These packages offer you a very decent and comfortable stay with commuting facility to all the nearby destinations. This is all at very low prices too.

India being a nation known for its diversity in all areas of life, there are undoubtedly so many tourist places India provides you with. First of all, Delhi being the nation’s capital is a very important destination to visit. Also, being a metropolitan city it portrays the advancement of India in all the fields. So, it is a must watch! You can also visit other metropolitan cities, if you wish to explore the country from the aspect of level of advancement.

There are different tour packages India that offer you the kind of visit you want. If you want to relax in the lap of nature, you can contact travel agents India who can provide you with the desired package to such destinations. If such is your desire for a holiday, then places like Gulmarg, Sonmarg, Pachmarhi, Chail, Kasauli, Kovalam and other North Eastern states are best suited.

There are different holiday packages India that give you just what you want and make all efforts for a memorable holiday for you. These packages are given to you keeping in mind your likes and dislikes, not just regarding travel and stay but cuisines too.

Apart from the holiday packages travel agencies give the best of business tour packages for business people traveling to India. These packages also give special attention to the kind of stay and food you want. Besides, they provide you with your business requirements like getting conference rooms for your meetings available and much more.
While traveling for business, all you require is a business travel package that meets all your needs of any special requirements because you are not traveling for leisure.
So all you need to know while traveling to India either for a holiday or work is the best travel packages India that will make your stay absolutely magnificent and an unforgettable one!

All travel packages India are sure to hold your breath with amazing deals. Icing on the cake is with holiday packages India which are available at reasonable prices with honeymoon packages India that also are low priced.

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Tailor Made India Tour Packages for Memorable India Tour

Tailor Made India Tour Packages for Memorable India Tour

Looking for a wonderful destination for a memorable vacation? Come to India the beautiful county in Asia with amazing tourism options. Having fun in different places of this country will really be an amazing experience. The country is full of captivating places of tourist interest and amazing events that never fails to lure visitors with their captivating charm. Travel to any direction of this beautiful country, be it north to south, east or west you will find fascinating places of tourists interest all over the country.

India is endowed with amazing tourism options that appeals to tourists from all over the world for India tours and travels. Beach tourism, hill station tourism, wildlife tourism, heritage tourism, monsoon tourism, medical tourism, village tourism, backwater tourism, adventure tourism etc are some the prime tourism options of India. There are many other tourism options but these prime tourism options never fails to steal the heart of tourists. For every tourist India has stored something special to offer them to enjoy their vacation in India in a splendor way. It is the ideal destination for family vacation, adventure holidays, natural lovers, wildlife lovers, honeymooners, travellers, researchers, holidayers, etc. It is sure once you start exploring the fascinating destinations of India, you will love to go on exploring the charming and wonderful beauty of India. But still you will not be able to cover all the fascinating tourism options of India.

Visitors can explore the amazing beauty of India by booking India tour packages from the travel agents or India tour operators. They offer tailor made India holiday packages for tourists to enjoy the vacation and beauty of India in a splendor way. They also provide tour guide to guide them throughout their tour in India. Tour operators also help of infact arranges hotels and car on rent to travel to different tourist destination in a comfortable way. There are several tour packages available with the tour operators. Visitors can choose according to their choice and preference and can explore some of the amazing tourist destination of India.

Well for a delightful vacation in India tour operators or travel agencies offers tailor made India tour package for tourists to explore the wonderful places of tourist interest of India. There are innumerable fascinating tourism destinations in India which are worth visiting and exploring. Some of the most visited destinations by tourists on their India holidays are Rajasthan, Goa, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Srinagar, Agra, Uttarakhand, Tamilnadu, Darjeeling, Sikkim, etc. These places are the prime attraction of tourists in India and they can be explored in a splendor way by booking tour packages from the travel agencies. Some of the most preferred packages by tourists are Kerala tour packages, Rajasthan tour packages, Golden Triangle tours, Uttarakhand tour packages, Goa tour packages, Himachal Pradesh tour packages, Jammu and Kashmir tour packages, etc.

Beside these tourist destinations there are many other captivating destinations in India that too are worth to explore with India travel package. Infact the county has lots of wonderful places of tourist interest that never fails to lure visitors with their charming look. You can visit to any part of this country by booking tour packages. Visit this county once by booking tour packages and it is sure you will love to come time and again to enjoy delightful and memorable vacation in India.

Neelam is an eminent analyst and writer in Travel & Tourism related topics. He has authored many books on tour guide for India Tours Package and India holidays. Now She is rendering her services to http://www.saffronsofindia.com/
Mob no.: 09911918545, Email: info@etradeservices.com

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