China metal packaging market pattern analysis
1, China’s metal packaging in the market
Metal packaging is an important part of the packaging industry, its output accounts for about 10% of China’s packaging industry, mainly for food, canned food, beverage, oil, chemical, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries packaging services. Metal packaging containers is made with thin-walled sheet metal wrapper. It is widely used for food packaging (TodayHot), pharmaceutical packaging, instrumentation, packaging, industrial packaging, munitions packaging and so on. Of which the largest number used in food packaging. China’s largest user of metal packaging the food industry, followed by chemical products, in addition, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals also account for a certain proportion.
In metal packaging in order to tinplate packaging based. As the tinplate printing technology and processing technology continues to improve and perfect the application of tinplate packaging more and more widely. With the domestic tinplate production capacity, increase tinplate imports will be gradually reduced, and soon will be self-sufficient, but some still need a small amount of imported high-end products.
The reason why metal packaging containers are widely used because it has many unique advantages: metal containers compared to other packaging containers, such as plastic, glass, paper containers, etc. are all great strength, and rigidity is good, not easy to break. Sheet metal than any other materials are excellent barrier properties, gas barrier, moisture resistance, shading nature, Paul fragrance, combined with a reliable seal, can better protect the product. Metal printing performance, design trademark bright appearance, the obtained eye-catching packaging containers, is a good sales package. Metal containers can be made according to the different needs of various shapes, such as round, oval, square, horseshoe-shaped, trapezoidal, etc. not only satisfy the non-(HotTag) with the product’s packaging needs, but also to make more changes in packaging container, promote the sales .
Metal packaging products can be broken down into India and iron products (listening, boxes), cans (including aluminum 2, steel 2, three-piece tinplate cans), aerosol cans (tin cans made of fine pharmaceutical, pesticide cans, cosmetics cans, etc.), food cans (canned food, liquid or solid food cans, etc.) and various types of caps (Ma mouth crown cover, spin off Cap, aluminum for foods). Another 1 – 18L tin made of chemical drums and cold-rolled plate, zinc plate made of 20 – 200L steel drums.
China metal container manufacturing equipment, already has a very strong strength. 2 cans of 26 production money, and annual production capacity of more than 110 of about 100 million (currently about 7 billion market demand). Three-piece tinplate cans manufacturing equipment already has various types of imported and domestic fully automatic or semi-automatic production line of about 500 of its products for one year supply of about 4 billion beverage industry, food industry, about 3.8 billion cans. Aerosol cans annual production capacity of 600 million. Drums processing about 4000 years – 50 million. Indian Railway equipment across the country, more than 500 production lines, imported equipment and domestic equipment in half, printed more than 160 million years of printing times.
China metal packaging market is the trend of oversupply, but per capita consumption analysis, there is a larger room for development. China’s annual consumption of beverage cans 11 billion cans (2 cans 7 billion, three-piece cans 4 billion), per capita consumption of less than eight tanks, while Japan’s annual consumption of 18 billion cans, South Korea is 32 million cans. If China’s per capita consumption increased to 10 cans, 13 billion cans each year requires the supply capacity; addition, China’s consumption of canned food, low levels of per capita annual consumption of less than 1. 5kg, European per capita consumption of canned food for the 50kg, Japan both annual consumption level of 23kg.
Second, foreign metal packaging technology innovation
1, coated steel plate
Judging from the current development trend, coated steel for packaging materials has already begun, and showed a trend of rapid development. Coated steel plate, that is, organic coated steel plate, is coated with an organic coating on the steel plate obtained by coating the surface of metal materials. Such coated steel plate in the packaging industry to produce various types of packaging products do not need to carry out post-coating process, so they would often classified as pre-coated steel sheet coated steel. According to experts estimate that will be widely used in metal-coated steel packaging industry to replace the existing metal packaging products in the production process behind the painting production process.
Coated steel metallurgical enterprises generally focus on the production, eliminating the need for the product due to the production of the coating process to significantly reduce the cost of the packaging industry. It is estimated that, with thin steel as raw material, packaging costs can therefore be reduced by 5 – 10%, saving energy is about 1/6- 1 / 5, especially saving pre-packaged products, and coating equipment, substantial investments. Organic polymer-coated steel sheet and plate both the advantages of both, both excellent colored organic polymers, formability, corrosion resistance, another high-strength steel sheet and easy processability, can be easily blanking , bending, deep drawing, welding and other processing.
At present, 40 countries and regions around the world nearly 200 companies a total of about 474-coated steel production lines. The United States is about 200 production lines in Japan, more than 50 European countries, there are 120 in Asia and 74 production lines. The world’s annual production capacity of 14 million steel coating t, in which the United States 450t, Europe, approximately 4 million t, Japan, about 2.7 million t, other Asian countries is about 1.2 million t. The United States, Japan, Europe-wide total annual production capacity of approximately 84% of private total capacity. According to incomplete statistics, as of May 2006, China has built-coated steel plate production line 24 to form an annual production capacity of 1.616 million t. In addition, under construction and preparation of the production line there are more than ten articles.
2, automatic cooling, heating beverage cans
The United States since the cold cans Limited (CCNV) developed from the cold tank is very convenient to use, simply click on the plastic button on the bottom of beverage cans, beverage cans temperatures can be in 3 – 5 mi n down within 15 – 20 ℃. Since the main tank using a cold heat exchange system (HEU) of the patented technology to achieve the cooling function of automatic beverage cans, HEU, including many composed of departments, such as beverage jars body, built-in HEU containers, activated carbon, CO2 gases. HEU works very complex, HEU to make the activated carbon adsorption of CO2 to maintain a certain stability and the internal pressure drop in the HEU case, CO2 can be effectively and achieve the release of heat-absorbing function.
Japan, the emergence of a clear self-heating tanks. In the tank for the next 1 / 5 there is a mezzanine, built-in lime and sealed plastic film inside a packet of water. Before drinking, as long as using a “By-laws as” a small plastic rod inserted from the bottom of the hole into the water immediately, and lime will be mixed together, producing a lot of heat, just 3mi n, will be able to put a Sake pot heated to 58 ℃.
330ml Nestle UK recently launched the new concept of “automatic heating milk, coffee cans.” Its principle is to water and lime were placed in the tank mezzanine, through a chemical reaction produces heat. And therefore reduce the volume of the tank can hold liquid drink 210ml. For the convenience of consumers to drink, cans at the top of the design of the circular pull-ring. Through the bottom of the button to control the heating process. About 3mi n, beverage can reach 60 ℃. In order to avoid consumers are hot beverage burns the outer layer has a corrugated tank-shaped isolation layer and a specially designed shrink sleeve.
Third, China’s metal packaging industry problems
1, the lack of high-end products
Currently on the market, two cans, three-piece beverage cans, crown cover, 18L the following chemical barrels of excess capacity, high-quality high-end boutique capacity is clearly insufficient. Able to produce small-capacity, ultra-thin tank, suitable for special-shaped cans effect supermarket shelves, fine too few cans of enterprises. A single tank-type varieties, it is difficult to meet the packaging requirements of the further development and restricts the development of metal packaging.
2, a lower degree of industry concentration
Metal packaging industry is also small and medium-sized private sector. There is a general phenomenon, such as small-scale intensive low level and low-level redundant construction, the quality of structural convergence, the price Competitive Sales and so on. Domestic annual consumption of tinplate million tons of about 60 or so companies, the domestic leading enterprises in the food U.S. special (including the Wuxi Huapeng caps, Guangzhou Panyu U.S. special) annual consumption of tinplate for the 75000 t, production and sales 800 million yuan, In addition to the food outside the United States for Beijing Olympic Ruijin special new America Group, Fujian Sheng Hing Group, Fujian karme group, Sanshui Jianlibao Can Company, Haikou Coconut Can Company, Shanghai Maling Can Group and other large-scale enterprises, scale enterprises in developed countries there is a large gap.
3, excessive dependence on imports
Much of the equipment industry, metal containers imported. At present the international mainstream equipment has been digitized, networked, high-speed low-power, more environmentally-friendly and humane direction, while China’s major metal packaging equipment, and dependence on imported timber has not been fundamentally changed the situation. The proposed machinery manufacturing authorities, concerned to improve the performance of packaging machinery and equipment to strive for fewer imports will help save foreign exchange. In addition to printing equipment and aerosol cans iron equipment, other equipment, the introduction should be careful to avoid duplication of the introduction.
Metal packaging industry, according to a survey material shows that the market in recent years, annual demand for aluminum cans hovered around 7 billion, cold-rolled sheet steel drum market, annual demand is about 60 million. Metal cans classes to tin for the production of cold rolled products and aluminum raw materials, belonging to high-tech specifications for packaging materials. Metal container industry in 2006 purchased a 1.5 million t tin, of which a considerable portion of imported sheet; otherwise be imported from abroad in the domestic processing of the original tin plate, are the country with a lot of foreign exchange.
4, serious waste of resources
Because of China’s packaging industry’s current economic growth mode is still extensive, large consumption of resources, is two times the world average, is the United States, 4.3 times, Japan’s 11.5 times. Unit of GDP energy consumption in China is the United States, four times that of Japan 7 times. Metal packaging, the Fe-packaging materials consumption (the same volume of container) iron 0. 7KW / h, aluminum 3kw / h, energy consumption is much larger than in other packages than the proportion of materials.
Because the country is not yet formed a complete set of effective mechanisms for recovery of packaging waste and associated matching policy, the low utilization rate of waste recycling, resource waste.
Fourth, to promote the development of China’s metal packaging industry
1, the development of industry, the brand
At present, metal packaging enterprise development, the key is how out of the low level, homogenization, the shadow price competition, to differences in size, internationalization, and high value-added products competitive transition. Quite a few large companies have done a successful exploration. Hangzhou COFCO-US objects, Austria Ruijin canning, Fujian Sheng-xing, Shanghai Maling canning, etc. is taking the grouping, large-scale development model: the Hangzhou COFCO, for example, from Hangzhou, a single regional brand companies within one year of rapid expansion to South, East, North 3:00 into the first-line, radiation pattern of the national market as China Packaging Federation of Indian Railway development and production base of packaging containers. Austrian Ruijin Can Company in Beijing as a leader, now has Hainan, Beijing, Shandong, Xinjiang and other joint venture or a joint venture subsidiary, but also a model of integration. And Dongguan, “Tianbao” Hardware Products Factory is taking export-oriented “through-train” model of development: to design services, OEM processing and overseas markets, mainly invest in small, output large, as gift packaging, stationery, office supplies large enterprises.
2, the promotion of technological innovation
Metal packaging products, varieties should be constantly updated to develop lighter, cheaper materials, more environmentally friendly and more visually attractive packaging of new products. China’s general production of the tin thickness of 0. 16 – 0. 28mm, while the developed countries and India iron products have entered the era of ultra-thin, using 0. 12mm or thinner tinplate and use Weijuan sealing technology Can, Barrel, and the system cover . It is said that China Taiwan Province and Japan have successfully developed, the use of fire direct heating canned barbecue, microwave ovens, direct heating of the cans. These new technologies need to enterprises from domestic and international markets, multi-dimensional exploration, in particular, with the advanced countries to strengthen exchanges, and gradually narrow the gap as soon as possible in order to promote the development of China’s metal packaging industry, from the packaging packing big power into power.
3, improve product quality
Can China’s metal packaging technology has been close to international standard, and now we must strive to improve product quality, the use of ultra-thin tinplate and aluminum products, technological transformation and development of new products, to solve the food and beverage cans a few of the most important issues, such as leaking tanks and easy to open-loop easily broken guera issues such great efforts to improve the quality of various products.
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