Plastic versus Paper

Plastic versus Paper

In modern environmental thinking, plastic is often touted as greater evil than paper. Their deterioration periods are always mentioned to emphasize the destructive effects they have on nature and its inhabitants, mainly on us humans:

 

Comparison of deterioration periods:

orange peels – 6 mos

paper – 2 to 5 mos

plastic-coated milk carton – 5 yrs

plastic bag – 20 yrs

aluminum tin cans – 50  to 100 yrs

batteries – 100 yrs

glass bottles – 1,000,000 yrs

plastic soda bottles –   forever

 

 

Attention is also brought to the obvious shortcomings of plastic, of which 40% of all that are manufactured is used for packaging:

produces chlorofluorocarbon (CFC = ozone destroyer)

produces chemical waste

takes landfill space

is non-biodegradable

kills marine life

clogs sewer pipes, leading to stagnant, standing water and associated health hazards.

 

It is estimated that somewhere between 500 billion and one trillion plastic bags are consumed throughout the world each year.

 

 

On the other hand, paper manufacture is not without its disadvantages.

 

Compared to plastic bag production, paper bag production creates

2 times more sulfur dioxide

3 times more carbon monoxide

6 times more dust

50 times more waste

 

To cite a specific example, production of plastic cups is more efficient and cleaner than the production of paper cups.

On per ton basis:     650,000   pcs  plastic cups

uses   5,000   kgs.  steam

uses   1,800   kwh  electricity

On the other hand:  100,000   pcs. paper cups

uses 10,000   kgs.  steam

uses   6,400   kwh  electricity

 

Comparison of the energy needed to produce an original bag

plastic bag: 594 BTUs   vs.   paper bag: 2511 BTU’s

 

Comparison of the energy needed to recycle a bag once

plastic bag: 17 BTUs     vs.   paper bag  1444 BTU’s

 

Likewise, it would take approximately seven trucks to transport the same number of paper bags as can be transported by a single truck full of plastic bags, because these are so thin and lightweight.

 

As a final argument, when disposed off after use, plastics generate 14 to 28 percent of the volume of trash in general, but because much of it can be compressed, only 9 to 12 percent of the volume of waste in landfills, or around 5 percent by weight.  Paper comprises 12 percent by weight of garbage dumps, and also decomposes very little in airless landfills, just the way plastics are non-biodegradable. Modern landfills are designed in such a way that nothing biodegrades, because the waste is isolated from air and water in order to prevent groundwater contamination and air pollution.

 

Some countries have already resorted to extreme measures in efforts to contravene the plastics onslaught. Bangladesh banned plastic bags after drains blocked by bags contributed to widespread monsoon flooding. Ireland decreased plastic bag consumption by placing a consumer tax on plastic bags. Perhaps the most strict plastic bag regulation was implemented in the Indian province of Himachal Pradesh, where people caught with plastic bags are fined 00.

 

In the end, most everyone can help reduce the amount of both materials, plastic and paper, by:

investing in high-quality reusable bags to eliminate the equivalent average of 1,000 bags

reusing bags that are in the house for a myriad of other purposes or intention

keeping them always ready for use in the car, office, home, or person

not asking for them when it is really not so necessary

 

 

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Article from articlesbase.com

Plastic lasts foerver. It never biodegrades. Yet we use it to make disposable objects that we discard after a short period of time, sometimes just minutes, or a few hours. Take action. Bring your own bags and cups. Avoid plastic bottles. Demand laws banning or taxing plastic bags and other disposables. Time to act is now!
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Crafts For Fostering Creativity in Children

Crafts For Fostering Creativity in Children

Children love to experience the joy of making something that did not exist before they put their hands on it. Quite typically after creating their object of beauty they will turn around and give it away immediately to their teacher, parent or friend. Children instinctively know that the best gifts come from their hearts, and they put their hearts in every craft, a product of their creative minds and hands.

Playing is a child’s job, and creativity begins with a playful mindset. Teachers and parents only need to provide few materials and be careful not to do anything to discourage creativity. Some basic examples of craft products everyone should have are crayons, markers, paints, colored paper, clay-like products, scissors and glue. Over time some other products can be added to one’s crafting collection like feathers, wiggly eyes, pom poms, beads, yarn and other fiber products, stickers, glitter, pipe cleaners, craft foam sheets and cutouts.

Craft supplies do not need to be restricted to things you buy at the craft store. Think toothpicks, cotton swabs, aluminum foil, new coffee filter papers, paper plates, styrofoam cups, tissues, and gift wrap. Go outdoors and gather leaves, pretty rocks, flowers, seashells, or seed pods. Crafting for kids is also great opportunity to recycle in the home. Think paper towel tubes, baby food jars, metal cans, cereal and cracker boxes, plastic soda bottles, and newspapers. Even junk mail can sometimes yield free stickers or other interesting items. Clothing that is too worn out to give to the local charity can be harvested for buttons, appliques, and cut up for fabric pieces.

Creative crafting can go to the kitchen, too. Remember gingerbread men and gingerbread houses? You can start there, but let your imagination stretch to new culinary horizons. Start with a new “artist’s canvas” like giant sugar cookies, pancakes, toasted bread, or even a bowl of oatmeal. For your “artist’s palette” give your child a choice of nuts, peanuts, cereal pieces, raisins, cherries, strawberries, blueberries, or chopped apple. Occasionally include a few treats like candy sprinkles, chocolate chips, icing in tubes, cinnamon sugar, and small candies such as gummies or candy-coated chocolates. Now that you have the materials, assemble animals, draw a face, write a name, or just allow the child to create whatever masterpiece comes to mind. Of course, you are not restricted to sweet treats in the kitchen. You can do the same kind of thing with pizza and pizza-type ingredients, for instance.

Some children are absolutely creative wizards. Show them a few supplies, and in moments they are in their element. Others may sometimes need a few ideas to get them rolling. You can start with a ready-made craft kit or an idea from a children’s magazine or website. If the end result does not look like the picture, that is fine. Think of the picture as a suggestion only. For creativity’s sake, abandoning the picture is probably a good thing. Sometimes the parent can help get things moving with a few ideas to prime creative juices. For example, start with the child’s handprint. Lay the child’s hand on a sheet of paper, spread their fingers, and trace around the entire hand. See how many different things you and the child can make from this beginning. Add embellishments to make a turkey, a face with kinky hair with fingers up, or a face with a beard with fingers down. Make animals, flowers, aliens, or monsters. Next time, begin with a footprint.

Encourage your child in their creative craftings. Many educational experts have affirmed that creative outlets are great for a child’s cognitive development and more. However supported some things are by research, numbers or study, we still know certain things as a matter of experience. Children love to be creative. Here is a quote by Dieter F Uchtdorf: “The desire to create is one of the deepest yearnings of the human soul.”

Michelle Patelle, writer, mother and homemaker, invites you to visit springcoloringpages.org, summercoloringpages.org, and christiancoloringpages.org. Coloring pages can be a component of creative crafting.

Article from articlesbase.com

Every year, Americans throw away 50 billion food and drink cans, 27 billion glass bottles and jars, and 65 million plastic and metal jar and can covers. More than 30% of our waste is packaging materials. Where does it all go? Some 85% of our garbage is sent to a dump, or landfill, where it can take from 100 to 400 years for things like cloth and aluminum to decompose. Glass has been found in perfect condition after 4000 years in the earth! so we should really reuse items and these are some items i think is a cool way to reuse things

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