Plastic versus Paper

Plastic versus Paper

In modern environmental thinking, plastic is often touted as greater evil than paper. Their deterioration periods are always mentioned to emphasize the destructive effects they have on nature and its inhabitants, mainly on us humans:


Comparison of deterioration periods:

orange peels – 6 mos

paper – 2 to 5 mos

plastic-coated milk carton – 5 yrs

plastic bag – 20 yrs

aluminum tin cans – 50  to 100 yrs

batteries – 100 yrs

glass bottles – 1,000,000 yrs

plastic soda bottles –   forever



Attention is also brought to the obvious shortcomings of plastic, of which 40% of all that are manufactured is used for packaging:

produces chlorofluorocarbon (CFC = ozone destroyer)

produces chemical waste

takes landfill space

is non-biodegradable

kills marine life

clogs sewer pipes, leading to stagnant, standing water and associated health hazards.


It is estimated that somewhere between 500 billion and one trillion plastic bags are consumed throughout the world each year.



On the other hand, paper manufacture is not without its disadvantages.


Compared to plastic bag production, paper bag production creates

2 times more sulfur dioxide

3 times more carbon monoxide

6 times more dust

50 times more waste


To cite a specific example, production of plastic cups is more efficient and cleaner than the production of paper cups.

On per ton basis:     650,000   pcs  plastic cups

uses   5,000   kgs.  steam

uses   1,800   kwh  electricity

On the other hand:  100,000   pcs. paper cups

uses 10,000   kgs.  steam

uses   6,400   kwh  electricity


Comparison of the energy needed to produce an original bag

plastic bag: 594 BTUs   vs.   paper bag: 2511 BTU’s


Comparison of the energy needed to recycle a bag once

plastic bag: 17 BTUs     vs.   paper bag  1444 BTU’s


Likewise, it would take approximately seven trucks to transport the same number of paper bags as can be transported by a single truck full of plastic bags, because these are so thin and lightweight.


As a final argument, when disposed off after use, plastics generate 14 to 28 percent of the volume of trash in general, but because much of it can be compressed, only 9 to 12 percent of the volume of waste in landfills, or around 5 percent by weight.  Paper comprises 12 percent by weight of garbage dumps, and also decomposes very little in airless landfills, just the way plastics are non-biodegradable. Modern landfills are designed in such a way that nothing biodegrades, because the waste is isolated from air and water in order to prevent groundwater contamination and air pollution.


Some countries have already resorted to extreme measures in efforts to contravene the plastics onslaught. Bangladesh banned plastic bags after drains blocked by bags contributed to widespread monsoon flooding. Ireland decreased plastic bag consumption by placing a consumer tax on plastic bags. Perhaps the most strict plastic bag regulation was implemented in the Indian province of Himachal Pradesh, where people caught with plastic bags are fined 00.


In the end, most everyone can help reduce the amount of both materials, plastic and paper, by:

investing in high-quality reusable bags to eliminate the equivalent average of 1,000 bags

reusing bags that are in the house for a myriad of other purposes or intention

keeping them always ready for use in the car, office, home, or person

not asking for them when it is really not so necessary



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Plastic lasts foerver. It never biodegrades. Yet we use it to make disposable objects that we discard after a short period of time, sometimes just minutes, or a few hours. Take action. Bring your own bags and cups. Avoid plastic bottles. Demand laws banning or taxing plastic bags and other disposables. Time to act is now!
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Five reasons to choose a stainless steel sippy cup over a plastic one

Five reasons to choose a stainless steel sippy cup over a plastic one

1. Safety. Most plastics are made from petrochemicals, which means they are made from crude oil. Every year, thousands of tons of discarded plastics are placed in landfills or end up along roadways, floating in lakes or streams, or burned in trash barrels. Scientists tell us that many of these plastics leach chemicals into our food and water before being discarded. Knowing the possibility of food contamination and the massive cost that disposable plastics cause our society, it seems a no-brainer to choose a reusable, steel sippy cup.

2. Durability. Products made of stainless steel are durable, they can take a beating and still be usable. A dropped cup will not shatter like a ceramic cup would and steel cups will not crush from being stepped on by little feet. Often, the products are so durable that they can later be passed on to younger children or kept as a family memento.

3. Cleanup. Cups made from food grade steel and polypropylene are non-staining and non-reactive. They do not carry odors or flavors from one beverage to another like some plastics will, which makes using the cups much more appealing and makes cleanup much fast and easy. Most cups can be washed with mild soap and water and rinsed out in the kitchen sink. A few can even go in the dishwasher.

4. Image. Stainless steel looks classy. There is a certain “retro” look to using cups, bottles and glasses made from shining steel; a rugged look that speaks of individuals who do more than just follow-the-crowd and buy the same plastic products that everyone else buys.

5. Adaptable. Some sippy cups have a design that is very similar to water bottles for adults, and this allows them to be outfitted with a different cap so the child can continue to use the cup as a drinking water bottle or small canteen, which extends the product life for several additional years.

Billy Oatey has been involved in the real estate industry in Michigan for over 30 years. He has traveled extensively around Northern Michigan and has enjoyed many hours in the outdoors. To help protect our environment, he now sells stainless steel travel mugs and stainless steel water bottles from his online store at

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A New Heat-Resistant Plastic "ring Treasure" Bottles And More Competitive

A New Heat-Resistant Plastic "ring Treasure" Bottles And More Competitive

The past two years in the domestic beverage supermarket shelves, in addition to domed stadiums Coke, Sprite and other carbonated beverages, non-carbonated health drinks (tea, fruit water, fruit juice) in the market is quietly rising. Tea beverages, for example, 1997 annual output of less than 20 million tons; in 1998 to reach nearly 40 million tons; in 1999, “the sun rose,” “Chef Kang” and “unification”, “Huiyuan” “Odyssey,” “Gatorade” “Bi-Cheng Lu “and some domestic power companies have to market high-quality, multi-flavored non-carbonated beverages. Is expected in the near future, non-carbonated drinks will become the mainstream of China’s soft drinks.

With the rapid development of non-carbonated beverages, packaged as a significant problem. The traditional glass bottles, two cans, three-piece cans and Tetra Pak packaging, etc., due to poor security, lack of intuitive and high cost of a range of issues such as weakening the competitiveness of the market and eventually phased out; market, the popular polyester (PET) bottles can not withstand high temperatures can not be high-temperature sterilization; and applied by the special treatment of heat-resistant PET bottles (PET or PET / PEN mixed), in addition to high costs, the hot filling of the large-scale application is also subject to many restrictions. For example: a narrow temperature range of hot filling, bottle storage life span of only 4-6 weeks to recover the high cost of acetaldehyde precipitate caused by chemical pollution.

The just concluded in Guangzhou, China International Packaging Industry Exhibition, the Central Symbol Technologies Group (Hong Kong) displayed by polypropylene (PP) materials, through a special two-way stretch blow molding process can be made of hot-fill and transparent “circum – treasure “bottles, the site attracted more attention beverage manufacturers and great interest in the trial. “Wan Bao” bottles for hot filling non-carbonated beverages.

Hot filling plastic lid, the label can use PP material, and the “ring treasure” bottle to form a unified trinity of recovery system, it will be hot-fill packaging is currently the best, most economical environmental protection system.

“Wan Bao” used in hot-filling bottle non-carbonated beverages, besides solving the long-term environmental requirements, compared to hot-fill PET bottles also have the following advantages: First, the cost lower than the hot-fill PET bottles is about 20-25%; two hot filling temperature range widened to 100 ℃; third is the storage period of the bottle no time limits; fourth bottle free acetaldehyde precipitates long-term use not harmful to health.

With regard to every other issue of oxygen, PET materials, Oxygen-PP materials, the sex ratio is superior, but the PP molding processing compartment through the two-way stretch properties of oxygen greatly improved. Southwest Agricultural University, Food Science Professor Liu Qinjin and others on the bi-oriented PP bottles for the shelf life of tea quality changes in the test results show that: PP hot filling beverage bottles with strict conditions of hot filling filling filled with tea, its shelf life as long as half a year. to “ring treasure” applies to non-carbonated beverage bottles to provide a scientific theory. In Taiwan, the “Ring treasure” has been commercially mass-produced bottles for juice and tea drinks.

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Scientific Explaination: What’s filtered out of the water? Use a drinking glass just like the old days… Only Better! FACTS & FAQ’s: It is estimated that over a 70-year lifespan, a person drinking tap or mineral water will be ingesting about 200 to 300 pounds of rock that their body cannot use. While most of these microscopic rock minerals will be eliminated from our bodies regularly, some will be stored in our tissues becoming toxic. The primary culprits are calcium salts and over time they can cause gallstones, kidney stones, bone & joint calcification, arthritis, and hardening and blocking our arteries. The presence of other hard metal minerals (some are radioactive!) is suspected to cause other degenerative diseases as well including eye glaucoma, cataracts, hearing loss, emphysema, diabetes, obesity and cancer. These minerals available, especially in “hard” tapwater, are poorly absorbed, or rejected by cellular tissue sites, and, if not evacuated, their presence may cause arterial obstruction, and internal damage.(Dennison 1993, Muehling 1994, Banik 1989) Distillation systems are comparable in contaminant removal, however since many synthetic chemicals such as herbicides, pesticides and chlorine solutions have boiling points lower than water, these chemicals will vaporize and can be carried over into the product water container actually making the collected purified water even more concentrated in those

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Paper or Plastic – The Debate Over Grocery Store Bags

Paper or Plastic – The Debate Over Grocery Store Bags

The question is tough to avoid, unless you’ve figured out how to eat without EVER going to the grocery store. Chances are, most of us haven’t given the choice too much thought – or if we have, we remained clueless as to which was the lesser of the two evils. Understanding the impact that paper and plastic bags have on the environment is a great place to start. Inevitably, consciousness will lead you to purchase a canvas or otherwise re-useable bag for your grocery shopping, but educating yourself on the differences between paper and plastic is also a smart idea.

The Troubles With Paper Bags

It’s common knowledge that paper comes from trees that are found and later felled by the logging industry. Logging involves machines — from the machines used to remove the trees from the forests, to the logging trucks or helicopters involved in the process of harvesting, to the machines used to strip the bark – and like anything involving machines, fossil fuels are not far behind. Forest habitat is destroyed in the process, and surrounding ecology is negatively impacted. Sources say that “in 1999, 14 million trees were cut to produce the 10 billion paper grocery bags used by Americans that year alone.”

To accelerate the drying process that trees must go through in order to be prepared for pulp, they are stripped, chipped and “cooked” under heat with an acid (composed of sulphurous acid and limestone), for hours. From nearly three tons of these wood chips will come one ton of pulp, which must be washed and bleached, requiring large amounts of clean water. Coloring is later added, after which the mixture of pulp and water is filtered and rolled into paper. Through production, packaging and shipping, more fuels and chemicals are used and further environmental damage is sustained.

Paper Bags and Recycling

After a paper bag is used, it will either end up in a landfill or it will be recycled. Eventually, after many years, the paper bag will break down in the landfill. At the recycling center, through the use of chemicals to break down the materials and clean them, the paper becomes pulp once more. Paper bags eventually break down and can be composted, unless they are covered with printing and ink.

The Saga of the Grocery Store Plastic Bag

Some people overlook the fact that plastic, like other products with a petroleum base, comes from oil, which is drilled from the earth, piped or trucked and later refined. Some properties of oil are manipulated into five principal types of polymers, during the process by which plastic is made from oil. Plastic bags are made from one of these five types, known as polyethylene, which is a highly manipulate-able material – it’s re-useable, printable, and can be formatted into a variety of shapes, sizes and colors. Although the process of making plastic requires energy and may in fact do little else to damage the environment, the negative effects of oil drilling are numerous.

Plastic Bags and Recycling

In some ways, plastic bags are no different from paper – including the fact that post-use, they either end up in a landfill or they get recycled. In the landfill, however, it will not compost, and actually interrupts the breaking down of other garbage products with which it is mixed in the landfill. In most cases, to recycle the material, one merely has to melt it down (thereby sterilizing it) and then form it into another shape, for instance, a new bag. Recycling of plastic bags can take place many times before the material becomes too brittle to go through the process; after these stages of recycling, it can still take on another use as a different functional product.

When plastic is burned during recycling, it can create dioxins and release heavy metals into the atmosphere; the ash from burning plastic is toxic and needs special consideration during disposal. In landfills, plastic does not break down – it always remains plastic, maybe just in smaller pieces that mix in with the earth.

So Which Is Better? Paper or Plastic?

On the plus side, both materials can be recycled, and both materials have multiple uses beyond the initial holding of the groceries. The manufacture of both paper and plastic bags burns through natural resources, and both cause damage to the environment during production. While paper is more recycle-able than plastic, it also results in the destruction of more resources through the process of paper production. I think if you are going to use paper OR plastic bags at the super market, I would say to make sure you maximize the uses you get out of either, and more importantly, be sure to recycle.

Matty Byloos writes and manages the Green Blog known as: Easy Ways to Go Green, as well as the Organic Food Blog:Organic Eating Daily


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Beijing over 3 percent is counterfeit name brand bottled water – bottled water brands, counterfeit, fake – plastic industry

Beijing over 3 percent is counterfeit name brand bottled water – bottled water brands, counterfeit, fake – plastic industry

“Bottled water sampling Beijing nearly 98% pass rate,” which is the Beijing Municipal Health Authority published in 2007 a number. In Electronic Universal security code after the Beijing residents are conditioned to think that a false market, the water has disappeared, but the fact is that??

“These places, even tell you where you can not find.” In private visits before, “friend” told reporters. But the reporters found, is often black even standing workshop door, it is also hard to see is a counterfeiting of water dens. Last weekend, journalist continuous unannounced visits to the Chaoyang, Fengtai, and other places over the black water plant, the problems found were shocking.

Unannounced visits to unscrew the lead coming down, “pure water”

Venue: Tai Hing National Defense University

According to information provided by informers, the National Defense University, Daxing Industrial Development Zone, Daxing base has an illegal bottled water processing plants. Reporter with a “friend” then pretend to buy water, drove up to the base of the front door. Stopped by guards after he said was “bought water” will be a smooth clearance.

Base deep inside a row of makeshift hiding after coal heap in the 34 meters high. A man opened the door, welcome out. “Friend” Wang Wunei a means, i.e. knowing each other, so that inside. The house is “filling plant”, ground them the rows have it installed, the “King of mineral water.” Man skilled in the mouth of the empty barrel with pliers Qiaodiao plastic cover, removable tops set individual port card too tight, they cut with a knife throw.

Then, the man opened the wall of the two taps?? Pure water and mineral water on from here. To “maintain health”, the man rushed outside the first barrel again, and then unscrew the faucet coming down some “pure water”, a shabu shabu then used water into a bucket under the clean, and it was “sterilization” procedure end.

With the barrel of another barrel, “mineral water and pure water” filling a bucket, the man began to select from a wash basin with different brands of blue keg cap, including Wahaha, Robust , Yanjing, etc.?? industry also known as “smart cap.” Which brand needed, shabu shabu in the basin, and then a button to the barrel mouth.

Buttoned barrel cap, the next is “well done”?? Men out from the house next door to several different brands of label paper, a bucket hat with a carefully pasted in security monitoring code label.

Then, the man then posted in each security label wear a bucket hat on the cover layer of plastic film?? Professionals told reporters, called “heat shrinkable film.” Subsequently, the men carry her to just cooked a pot of hot water, the boiling water thrown over the opening of “shrink film” on the bottle quickly became sealed on the nature of the?? Looks exactly the same as usual to see bottled water. As for individual bottle closure Debu some tight places, water Hudi ironing the iron, also nearly tied.

Suit, the reporter subsequently learned and fashioned his own hands a bucket of “natural mineral water.” Less than half an hour, with a pipe and the outflow of water not only turned into dozens of barrels of pure water, mineral water, also morph into Wahaha, Robust, Nestle, Yanjing brand bottled water.

In the “filling plant” side, this reporter saw “Water” in addition to a group of RO500 reverse osmosis water machine, it has no other sterilization sanitation.

“You’re pure water machine 10 000 dollars, right?” A reporter asked. “More than, more than 20,000 it!” The man replies.

Water in the installation process, another man drove Moldova to pull water. The original, this false water also has its own take-away workshop water stations. This reporter saw the water, this water plant, located on from the side of a makeshift wells.

Unannounced visits to the end, the reporter will be two barrels Robust scratch coating security bottled water and found that two numbers are identical.

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Plastic Recycling: A Know-How

Plastic Recycling: A Know-How

Plastics is one of the most extensively used products of the modern generation. It is widely seen used as a packaging product of almost everything that you can think of, in the making of toys, household goods, making of all kind of cards like credit cards, sim cards, shopping cards, identity cards and so on. Although the use of plastic has many positive influences in our day to day lives they are also known to have a substantial number of health and environmental hazards. There are categories of plastic that can be recycled and that cannot. It is manufactured by the combination of petroleum or natural gas with oxygen or chlorine. This process requires the burning of huge amounts of oil. So more the petroleum we burn to make new plastic products, the more greenhouse gases we release into the air. Plastic takes up of about 10% of the total waste products disposed away into the landfills and only 5% of these are actually renewable.

To curb this alarming rate of growing environmental hazard it is important to create awareness about recycling of plastics with a few contributions to the society on our part. Recycling plastics can save a lot of energy in the form of reduction in oil and petroleum consumption and save a considerable amount of space in our landfills. Plastics require a more complicated processing for its recycling as compared to glass and metals. They are made up of higher molecular weight polymer chains for which application of heat itself is not sufficient. There are two major hindrances in efficient plastic recycling. One is that, when different plastics are melted together, due to their variable compositions, they tend to separate like oil and water and renewing them into a new plastic only results in the yield of structurally weak polymer blends with a lot of limitations in their application. The other is that, certain additives used in the manufacture of plastics like dyes, filters and so on are too difficult to be separated or removed and proves to be a costly affair.

The most easily degradable plastics are soda and water bottles, medicine containers, milk and oil containers and so on. The most toughest ones are plastics containing polyvinyl chloride like plastic pipes, shower curtains, medical tubing, grocery bags, plastic used in Tupperware and so on. Plastic articles are numbered according to its feasibility to be recycled with numbers ranging from 1,2 and so on known as the plastic identification code. Thus we as concerned citizens of a threat prone environment should make efforts to categorize the plastics accordingly from the collection of junk in our houses. Call the local recycling facilities in your area or search for the same on the internet. Remove miscellaneous attachments to your plastic products like a metal top for bottles or labels on the bottles that might not be of the same rank of viability to recycling with the plastics that you sort out. Crush plastic containers to save space in your recycling bins.

In some countries like Israel, recycling of films obtained from mixed municipal wastes is successfully practiced resulting into its re-manufacture into useful household articles like buckets. Many clothing industries have also come up with applications of recycled plastics into creating a blend with certain fabrics and other materials to produce polyester fabrics that are used to make durable and strong products like jackets, coats, shoes, bags, hats and other accessories.

Find legit scrap metal buyers at our online trading platform RecycleInMe. The only trading platform dedicated for international scrap business. With its advanced trading features you will never have to visit any other place to get leads for your business. Trade safe with RecycleInMe, the no 1 trading community in the world.

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How To Make A Plastic Shell For A Robot Beetle

How To Make A Plastic Shell For A Robot Beetle

You don’t need to have access to expensive vacuum molding equipment to make a professional looking body for your robot.

All you need is a large plastic soda bottle, a wooden mold and your kitchen oven.

When a soda bottle gets hot it shrinks, so if you have a wooden mold inside it will shrink around it and form a shell.

1. You will have to find a plastic soda bottle that is longer than the base of your robot. Use the largest one that you can because the bottle will shrink a lot.

2. Make a drawing of the shell shape that you want. Try to keep the design as simple as possible. Nice smooth curves will give the best results, so no spikes.

3. You will need a block of timber to make a mold from.  Try to choose nice clear softwood such as a pine. Hardwood is too difficult to shape unless you have some serious woodworking equipment, whereas you can shape the softwood with a few hand tools and a lot less effort. The timber needs to be the same length and width as your robot, the height of the block will depend on your shell design.

4.  Trace the outline of the shell onto the six sides of the block. The top view of the shell on the top of the block, the side view on the side, etc.

5. Cut the shape out of the wood block and use a plane or chisel to remove any excess and then smooth the whole shape with sandpaper. Remember that whatever the mold looks like is what the finished shell will look like.

6. Remove the label from the soda bottle and rinse it out with water.

7. Cut the top off at the point where the straight section of the bottle ends, before it curves down to the cap.

8. Put your mold into the bottle and wedge it in place with some pieces of wood so it pushes tight against the bottle on the top and bottom of the mold.

9. Put the bottle onto a flat metal baking tray. Heat up your oven to about 300- 400 F(~230C) and carefully put the tray in.

10. When the plastic gets hot enough it will start to shrink onto the wooden mold. Once it starts it happens pretty quick so keep an eye on it. When it has finished shrinking use some oven mitts to take the tray out of the oven.


11. After the plastic has cooled you can remove the mold and cut away the excess plastic.  Leave some extra at the bottom where the shell fits onto the robot to make it easier to attach.

It might take a few attempts but if everything works as planned you now have a great looking molded shell for your robot.
You can either leave it clear or paint the inside black for a great effect.


I have made a several shells for my robot beetles using this technique. The beetles were made from plans and instructions available here.

You can learn more about them on this site.

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An Introduction to Plastic Packaging Symbols

An Introduction to Plastic Packaging Symbols

When issues of global warming and climate change (caused by the increase in greenhouse gases) started haunting people’s consciences, they decided to roll up their sleeves and do something constructive to help save the environment from further degradation. As part of that decision, measures were taken to address the issues that contribute to environmental degradation. Of these, an important decision was to stop the use of plastic.

In the cosmetics industry, environmental consciousness paved the way for an organic revolution. People discarded everything that contained chemicals and adopted natural and organic products instead. They put their foot down on the matter of cosmetic packaging as well. They demanded the use of organic and recyclable packaging materials for cosmetic products.

Plastic Recycling Symbols

Known as resin codes, they were established by The Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI), which is the plastics industry trade association, in 1988. All eight-ounce to five-gallon containers were imprinted with a single digit ranging from 1 to 7 surrounded by a triangle of three chasing arrows. All plastic manufacturers were required to follow the uniform coding system that helped people to distinguish between different types of plastics.

Types of Plastic Packaging Symbols

Though the practice of marking plastic containers has been in place for many years, not many people, including very many cosmetics manufacturers and cosmetic packaging manufacturers, are fully aware of what each number represents. Hence, this article is an attempt to make people understand the meaning of each number.

1 – PET (PETE) – PET, which stands for Polyethylene Terephthalate, is a clear and tough resin with strong gas and moisture barrier properties. It is used for making soda and medicine containers, food jars, microwavable food trays, water bottles and so on.
2 – HDPE – High Density Polyethylene is used for packaging products with a short shelf life, such as milk and shampoo, and to hold detergents and bleaches for both household and industrial purposes. It is strong with good barrier properties and has good chemical resistance.
3 – PVC (Vinyl) – PVC is Polyvinyl Chloride, and since it is both rigid and flexible it is used for making pipes, frames, railing, wire, cable insulation, medical tubing and so on. It has good chemical resistance and stable electrical properties.
4 – LDPE – Low Density Polyethylene is strong, transparent, and flexible, and is used in applications requiring heat sealing. Its uses include wrapping films, grocery and sandwich bags, hot and cold beverage cups, toys and squeezable bottles.
5 – PP – Polypropylene strong with good chemical resistance and a high melting point. It is used for making food containers, medicine bottles, bottle caps and parts for automotive and consumer products.
6 – PS – PS is Polystyrene, which is popularly known as Styrofoam. It is very popular as it can be rigid or foamed. PS is clear, strong and brittle with a low melting point, and hence it is used in protective packaging, bottles, food packaging and so on. When mixed with rubber it attains toughness and is used for packaging and durable applications. PS mixed with rubber produces high impact polystyrene (HIPS).
7 – OTHER – This refers to packages made with a resin other than the six mentioned above or by mixing any of the aforementioned resins. It is used in reusable water bottles, citrus juice bottles, oven-baking bags, custom packaging and so on.

Of these the most easy to recycle resins are PETE, HDPE, and PS. PVC, LDPE and PP have very low rate of recyclability, while resins marked with number 7 are the hardest to recycle and therefore are seldom recycled.

If customers reject lotion pumps, airless bottles or, for that matter, any product packed in containers with a low rate of recyclability, cosmetic manufacturers and cosmetic packaging manufacturers would take a cue from them and start using easily recyclable resins. This would help us in realizing the dream of a greener future for the next generation.

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Plastic Shoe Town Wuchuan

Plastic Shoe Town Wuchuan

  This year, in the context of the global financial crisis, even though Wuchuan footwear exports remain stable trend, the first half of a total of 305 approved the export value of 11.44 million U.S. dollars, export batch number and value of last year increased by 2% and 9 respectively %, but with Europe and the United States and other countries has introduced harsh “green threshold” Wuchuan footwear exports have also been seriously disturbed.

    Plastic shoes are traditional features of Zhanjiang exports, enjoy “hometown of Chinese plastic shoes”, “southern Shoes City” reputation Wuchuan in Zhanjiang City, the national production of plastic shoes, one of three bases, at present the city has a shoe company 400 more than 20000 people in employment, an annual output of one billion pairs of plastic shoes, accounting for one-third of domestic production. In recent years, local governments and the inspection and quarantine and other functional departments of the strong support, will Wuchuan footwear industries have been expanding exports, export of footwear production and processing enterprises has increased to 11, shoes export volume has increased steadily year by year, last year’s export volume has reached 42.99 million pairs, the value of 23.51 million U.S. dollars, the products are exported to Europe and the United States, Asia, Africa market, the city’s new countryside construction, and farmers to make a positive contribution to income.

    This year, by the global financial crisis, trade protectionism, as well as health and safety of consumers in developed countries pay more attention to factors such as the impact of Europe and the United States and other countries and regions, the requirements on imported footwear products increasingly stringent, and constantly demanding introduction of “green bar . ” For example, the EU announced in May this year, all exports to the EU products, the content of dimethyl fumarate should not exceed 0.1 mg / kg, while the substance is widely used in footwear and other textile products sterilization and anti-mildew treatment, but also require the exporter to containers or gas shall not contain any pungent smell, restricted substances, including methyl bromide, three hydrogen phosphate, formaldehyde, chloroform, dichloroethane, sulfur dioxide, fluoride, etc., if the container has been found inconsistent with the provisions must be implemented off gas treatment, degassing very expensive; Italian Ministry of Health issued ministerial decree calling for the use of the substance as an antiseptic product with the confiscation and testing; American Apparel and Footwear Association, also announced restrictions on its global list of substances, restricted substances including dimethyl fumarate, formaldehyde, pesticides, heavy metals, flame retardants, asbestos and so on. Of these countries introduced harsh “green threshold” seriously troubled Wuchuan footwear exports, the city has a number of companies producing leather shoes in March this year, has stopped export of U.S. and European markets.

    Europe and the United States and other countries against imports of footwear products increased threshold Wuchuan footwear export enterprises should attach great importance to take active measures across the foreign “green threshold.” Industry experts suggest the following aspects related enterprises should actively explore foreign markets firmly: First, stick to European markets. Although analysts believe that demand will shrink this year, Europe and the United States footwear more than 20%, and the U.S. dollar, euro depreciation and appreciation of the RMB exchange rate risk resulting from a larger, but the large proportion of European and American markets, companies in expanding in emerging markets, we can not give up on Europe and the United States market exports, should be more then a short list, so as not to lose customers. Second is to strengthen the quality and safety control system for footwear products to enhance the antifungal agents, desiccant security investigation, to ensure the safety of products exported. Third, speed up product renewal, the creation of independent brands, to enhance coordination, lack of change in innovation, low prices, quantitative expansion of the dominant development model. The fourth is to strengthen scientific research and development and collaboration, looking for banned material safety limit of alternatives, and actively communicate with foreign customers pay close attention to the foreign official notification of information. Fifth, foreign trade departments and industry associations should take the initiative, and lead exports of footwear enterprises to actively participate in international exhibition, the establishment of footwear exports European and American business platform. 6 is to continue to consolidate the African and Asian markets, while actively developing Russia, the Middle East, South America and other markets to reduce the risk of total exports.

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