Quality Sterile Plastic Bag “filling Equipment” Should Have The Features

Quality Sterile Plastic Bag “filling Equipment” Should Have The Features

Currently on the market common milk Package Installed are: Tetra Pak, roof bag, sterile plastic bags, in which sterile plastic bags of milk to a more affordable price hit with customers. Recently, this reporter interviewed some of the sterile plastic bag in the dairy industry understands that these enterprises in the selection and use of sterile plastic bags Filling machine There are problems. To solve these problems, this newspaper in particular Make This second album, hope can help users to solve these problems.

  A sterile plastic bag filling machine of the basic performance requirements

Aseptic filling machine plastic bags after the role is to Sterilization Food ( Dairy products Etc.) in a sterile environment, packaging, sealed in aseptic containers, in order to not increase Antisepsis Agent, under conditions without refrigeration to get longer shelf life. (Figure)

Specifically, sterile plastic bags filling machine must meet the following requirements:

1. Use of packaging containers and sealing methods must be suitable for aseptic filling and sealing containers synthesized during storage and distribution of micro-organisms must be able to stop by. At the same time, packaging, product containers should have prevented the physical characteristics of chemical changes.

2. Containers and product contact surfaces must be sterilized before filling, the effect of sterilization and sterilization prior to the pollution of the surface of the container.

3. In the filling process, the product may not be from any parts of the equipment or the environment external circumstances such as pollution.

4. Sealing must be carried out in the sterile area, to prevent microbial contamination.

Second, high-quality plastic bags aseptic filling machine performance requirements

Light sterile plastic bag filling machine at home and abroad the situation, a high-quality sterile plastic bags filling machine should have the following requirements:

1. Products to A-or B-class commercial aseptic requirements

By “liquid food Packaging Equipment Acceptance “(draft) test methods are:

(1) total number of colonies determined by the provisions of GB 4789.2.

(2) Determination of coliform bacteria according to the provisions of GB 4789.3.

(3) Salmonella testing in accordance with the provisions of GB 4789.4.

(4) Shigella test conducted in accordance with the provisions of GB 4789.5.

(5) of Staphylococcus provisions by GB 4789.10.

(6) hemolytic Streptococcus Test according to the provisions of GB 4789.11.

(7) of molds and yeasts according to the provisions of GB 4789.15.

(8) sterile A-, B-and heat sterilized Filling equipment The packaging of liquid food micro-proliferation test.

A. All samples will be 36 ± 1 7 days under the condition of insulation;

B. Visual detection of up package (bags, bottles), disclose the unit sample, the number of records;

C. Open the remaining samples were all measured pH values and sensory examination, and the detection of most samples with pH values of 0.2 or above normal difference and sensory examination of doubtful (turbidity, precipitation, color change, smell or taste changes) of the samples, smear staining. With Gram staining, microscopy, observed at least five horizons, to determine whether the phenomenon of microbial proliferation. Will record the number of samples of microbial growth;

D. The b and c the number of records microbial growth is derived by adding the total number of indicators of failed samples.

(9) free residual chlorine test according to GB5750 the provisions in 37.1.

(10) H2O2 of residues in Appendix A in accordance with the provisions of GB14891.9.

2. Equipment has good adaptability (1) wide range of filling capacity

Better equipment at home and abroad filling capacity of 120 ~ 550ml / bags.

(2) the applicability of the package material

Better equipped to adapt to a wide range of packaging materials, packaging materials that enable users to have more choice.

3. Automatic Control System Devices to automate the delivery of packaging materials, forming, sealing action, with a wide range of filling, and to achieve high packaging speed.

Better equipment, production capacity at home and abroad from 6000 to 7000 bags / hour.

4. Automatic CIP device independent Before and after for the production of alkali solution, acid solution, sterile water, cleaning and high-temperature steam sterilization.

5. System fault alarm and protection

Order to ensure the filling machine to produce qualified products, the system should have a proper alarm system to ensure that the system failure alarm signal in time and make the corresponding linkage protection, such as: stop filling, parking and so on.

6. Lower energy consumption Electricity, compressed air, steam, water, energy consumption should be smaller to reduce the user cost.

7. The low rate of leaky bags

Equipment to reach ten thousandth of the rate of about leaky bags of good performance. If the leaking bags of less than one thousandth, then the equipment should be regarded as unqualified.

I am Frbiz Site writer, reports some information about shaping eyebrows , australian gold tanning products.

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Pure Water Products ? Bottled Water Vs Water Filtration Unit

Pure Water Products ? Bottled Water Vs Water Filtration Unit

Since, our childhood we have been told that 2/3rd of our body weight is water and we should drink at least 8 glasses of water every day to lead a healthy and ail-free life. However, if the drinking water is impure and it contains traces of pollutants and chemicals, then drinking the same could do more harm than good. This is where pure water products play a pivotal role.

As you know, bottled water and water filtration units are the two broad categories for pure water products. However, which amongst them is the best? Which one should you select?

Well, the answer lies in the quality of water produced by both the pure water products. Below are some shocking facts for you, which you might not be aware of and might want to consider before making a decision.

Bottled water In a recent study, it was discovered that more than 25% of bottled water is not much better than the tap waters. Many bottled water manufacturers use a very preliminary filtering process and then package it in a nice and shinning bottle and sell at huge prices. We as end customers, think price is related to quality; and therefore, consume these bottles containing nothing actually the tap water at the cost of your hard earned money and breach of trust.

Besides the quality of water in these bottles, the quality of plastic used further degrades the quality of water. This is because; chemicals from inferior plastic can percolate into the drinking water with time.

Moreover, these bottles have environmental impact too. Plastic used in them do not degrade naturally and therefore, are one of the contributor to increasing pollution in today’s world.

Filtration systems Thanks to the increasing pollution, because of which new pollutants are being introduced in water almost every day. This is where the effectivity of water filtration technologies comes into the picture. You will be surprised to know the filtration techniques that used to be the best in the past stands nowhere in the list of best filtration processes as recommended by the experts.

Water filtered from out dated methodologies like reverse osmosis, distillation, etc. is not considered to fit for human consumption. It contains traces of many chemicals like chlorine, and many carcinogenic compounds like THMs (trihalomethanes) and VOCs (Volatile organic compounds).

These old technologies are now replaced by innovative processes like carbon filtration, ion exchange and sub micron filtration techniques.

In conclusion, both the above pure water products are good if they result in healthy, clean and pure water. However, if you ask me, my vote goes to high-end water filtration units that can remove the toxins present to water to undetectable levels. Since, they have onetime investment you can save your money and efforts in ordering bottled water every week.

If you wish to learn more about filtering pure water products, visit my website now.

Water Expert, Bobby Forbes is consultant to millions of men, women, and organizations and advocates the use of safe water in home and office. Visit his website http://purifiedwaterhome.com to learn how you can protect your family from contaminated water.

 

Click now to visit Purified Water Home and learn about new age water filters, which are safe for your health, and effective in delivering  pure and safe water for your family.

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Things You Need To Know About Recycling Plastic

Things You Need To Know About Recycling Plastic

Plastic recycling is the process by which the waste and deformed plastic is converted into useful form, by employing various recycling plastic solutions. It is important to note that the newly developed product or form of the plastic can differ from its original identity. With the help of these solutions, the plastic can be counted among those substances that can be renewed and used more than once.

Advantages of Plastic Recycling

First of all, the waste lying plastic can be converted into useful products by adopting various recycling procedures
Recycling the waste plastic consume up to 40% less energy than the process of making new plastic
Another useful advantage of plastic recycling is that it can help in controlling pollution and cleaning the surroundings. The rate of greenhouse gas emission can be controlled by recycling the plastic objects, like bottles and broken toys
Also, plastic recycling is a big industry that provides employment to thousands of workers

Types of Plastic Recycled Plastic recycling is dependent on a variety of standards symbol code assigned to plastic types. The symbol code can range between 1 and 7 with each code repreesentign a distinct plastic type. For example, polyethylene terephthalate is assigned the number 1 and thus, it is the easiest form of plastic to be recycled. Polystyrene is a useful plastic form to recycle that can be used in creating various plastic solutions, including cassette tapes and foam insulation. It is assigned number 6,

Recycling Plastic Solutions Plastic shredders are the machines available in different configurations to recycle different types of plastic. Towards benefitting many with fitting plastic solutions and then ensure safe disposal after a product is over with is use time, machine that recycle plastic ensure smooth functioning environment. For comprehensive services, the need is to find a recognized and reliable recycling solution provider.

Plastic recycling can be counted among one of such effective steps that make earth the right place to live by controlling the increasing level of pollution in the environment.

The article has been contributed by a professional content writer, having experiences of working in different industries. For further information about Paper Shredder and complete Paper grinder or if you want to Buy shredding machine, please visit at http://www.cresswood.com.

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quot;PET bottles" bottle of anti-pollution improvements program-PET, beverage bottles, contaminated – Food Industry

quot;PET bottles" bottle of anti-pollution improvements program-PET, beverage bottles, contaminated – Food Industry

Many consumers have encountered such a situation: open PET beverage bottles and found a dark bottle with visible mold, it is disgusting. How to improve the mouth of pollution in the study, this paper obtained the national patents improvement program.

Existing bottle with a threaded resealable plastic beverage bottles, the main material is PET, bottle mainly HDPE, location are sealed bottle top, and according to the size of the pressure bottle were taken in different gasket, sealing ring, sealing ring inside the plug or seal in combination with the seal of the sealing plug within the form, which sealed the different forms of performance only to improve the sealing effect.

Position as only the bottle sealed, threaded part is not sealed, from production to consumer consumption of the process, many factors will result in polluting part of bottle thread, such as nutritious beverages in the beverage filling process splash to the bottle screw part, the role of bacteria and air, the mouth of the bottle thread appear moldy, the phenomenon of the accumulation of stain; or adverse environmental transport and storage will lead to a clean bottle thread pollution, such as selling drinks on the ice when the long-term water.

Many consumers will experience open bottle after bottle thread Department found dirt, because bottle has been opened, complaints of limited, had nothing with this. From the drinking habits of view, most consumers drink

Plastic bottled drinks are not straw when it is included directly in the mouth bottle, with screw Department of pollutants will enter the body, this phenomenon is especially true in children.

In fact, many beverage manufacturers have to face this problem, but also adopt various methods to solve, such as control filling volume and reduce the filling to cover delivery of the shock, before capping the bottle washing, etc. However, the problem still occurs, and the various methods currently can not be solved, such as hot filling and overflow level required mouthful is a contradiction. Such defective products sometimes more than 1%, the manufacturer often because of this problem within recovery of product, while in the process of transportation and sale of pollution are difficult to control and ultimately flow to the hands of the consumer products are many complaints about seriously affect the product’s reputation.

Defect analysis from the above view, the problem is not sealed bottle screw part, from the market looking for food packaging, consumers have some protection to the parts of the design of direct contact, such as eight-treasure porridge on the plastic cover, but the outside packaging is added, the sealing effect of the general, but also costs more, in the plastic beverage bottle has no such protective packaging. Then there would not be a simple and cost too much packaging? We propose a practical and feasible.

Principle from the sealing point of view, the above-mentioned sealed plastic beverage bottles are mainly two types in the top cap gasket, sealing gasket has a shape and added (2 cover), with second within the sealed bottle plug. Gasket by bottle to the top of the gasket seal from the role of the extrusion deformation; in Cyprus relies on the external diameter of the inner diameter of the interference with the bottle sealed with the role play. Due to different principles, gasket cap can withstand a large bottle pressure, present a variety of beverages in plastic bottles are used, inside the plug cap on the number of relatively high pressure with no or less in the bottle beverage varieties such as hot-fill beverage most current, within the plug with its sealing diameter and inner diameter with the bottle, the material within the plug.

See from the production process, within the plug cap process is simple, low cost, small changes to re-tighten the seal, so widely used in non-carbonated beverages. Principles of its seal, the seal and the cap is not the final tightening torque between the actual production of capping the final tightening torque required only to prevent accidental lid back loose. Therefore, we can by improving the sealing plug within the mouth of the bottle to get the required thread seal.

The above-mentioned principle of the two seal species in the structure are used to, drink bottle with the bottom sealed bottle male boss, cap and seal within the wall forming the contact surface of convex sets coincide, and in The contact surface with air sealing rings, gas cap seal ring with one injection

I am an expert from chinaslurrypump.com, while we provides the quality product, such as Sand Pump ES , china Slurry Pump EMM, Sand Pump,and more.

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Pollution: Obesity’s Secret Dirty Cause

Pollution: Obesity’s Secret Dirty Cause

While we have been told the alarming amount of weight gain in the last couple decades is the direct correlation of eating too much and exercising too little, scientists are discovering that not everthing is what it seems. Pollution, they have discovered, may be one dirty culprit sabotaging our waistlines. Certain industrial chemicals act as endocrine disruptors, screwing around with the hormones that regulate metabolism and appetite control. These chemicals, largely found in pesticides, flame retardants, and phthalates–used to plasticize a wide range of everyday products, from water bottles to makeup—also are thought to cause cancer and developmental defects as well as obesity.

Different studies have found that different chemicals effect the body and its fat cells in different ways. At Laval University in Quebec, scientists discovered that pesticides such as DDT and organochlorines such as dioxin are stored in our fat cells. As we lose weight, those chemicals are released back into our bloodstream in alarming rates, disrupting our thyroid gland’s ability to regulate our metabolism. Basically, the scientists found, these chemicals shut down our ability to burn fat.

Other chemicals, called organotins, are stabilizers used in products almost universally, from clothing to pesticides to plastics. Some findings show these chemicals to increase the amount of mature fat cells in the body, making it almost impossible to keep fat off and lose weight. Other researches hypothesize that these chemicals cause allergic reactions in our bodies, increasing inflammation which leads to obesity, heart disease, and cancer.

Of course, we still do tend to eat too much and exercise too little, but if we are committed to not just weight loss, but to health, here are some tips to avoid these pollutants:

Eat organic–It’s not just more nutritious, it helps you avoid those pesticides that can disrupt the hormones in your body. They do cost more, but look at the big picture-the health problems caused by pesticides cost much more in the long run. To cut down on the costs-try to go local. Often, small organic farms near you are cheaper than what you find in grocery stores. Make a fun trip out of going and picking your own produce or sign up for a CSA (community supported agriculture) and have your produce delivered to you. Better yet, grow your own! A small veggie garden is a wonderful project for children and adults alike.

Store in Glass or Metal–Ditch those plastic water bottles, especially the disposable ones. These have been shown to break down in heat (such as the backseat of a car on a summer day) releasing chemicals into water whose origin is already iffy at best. Ditto plastic food storage containers. Glass is the way to go. If, like me, you can’t necessarily afford to go out and buy a whole set of glassware to store leftovers, try reusing pasta sauce, salsa, and other glass jars. Many have lids wide enough to store just about anything. For water bottles, metal is the best choice. If you must use plastic, don’t use hot water, microwave it, or leave it in the sun.

Go Natural–Many of these chemicals are found in everyday items that we never equate with dangerous pesticides or plastics-from clothing to cosmetics. Going all natural is the best way to be sure. Organic cotton and wool clothing is now widely available, and all natural cosmetics are beginning to become mainstream. While many products may seem to be chemical free, the only way to really know is to check your products out on a website such as the Cosmetic Database or the Household Products database.

Detox and Support–It’s important to flush those chemicals out of your body when losing weight as well as supporting your thyroid with seaweeds–in the form of salad, sushi wraps, or supplements. Detoxing your body with food and increased water can help clean the chemicals.

Finally, a thought on what this all means to me–everywhere I look it seems that our current culture is too complex, to pollutant, to wasteful. We are polluting our environment, our bodies, our minds and our souls. While we can make little changes to ensure that we stop poisoning ourselves, it seems like a paradigm shift may be in order’starting to think locally, sustainably, and simply’getting back to what it means to live a healthy and joyful life. Let’s take back control of our bodies, our food, the products we use in our everyday life–and demand that the corporations that create these products become accountable to the health of their consumers.

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Greening Your Beauty Routine – What Does it Really Mean?

Greening Your Beauty Routine – What Does it Really Mean?

In broad terms, being “green” means embracing what I call the 3 Rs: Reduce, Re-use, and Recycle. Reducing consumption is where it all starts. The less we consume, the less energy is required to produce or transport products and the less waste and pollution we create, which in turn reduces our exposure to toxins. One of the easiest ways to reduce consumption is to re-use or reclaim products and/or materials instead of creating new ones to replace the old ones. Another is to purchase products that are made locally or as close to your home as possible.

 

Recycling comes last because it requires a lot of energy to recycle things. Some people believe that the energy required to recycle outweighs the benefits of recycling. But recycling is still a better option than tossing things in the trash where they wind up in landfills releasing noxious gasses –sometimes for hundreds of years!

 

To borrow a line from the world of computing, it’s all about I/O -that is inputs and outputs. If you want to know how to green any aspect of your lifestyle or make it more “earth-friendly,” there are 3 factors to consider:

 

1. Inputs: Who, What, Where, Why and How?

 

Start by looking at the inputs -everything that goes into making a particular product -from the ingredients, to the packaging, to how it’s distributed. Where are the ingredients or raw materials sourced from and how are they made? Are the processes for extracting them fundamentally safe for the environment? Is the manufacturing process moderately clean, very clean, somewhat dirty, or very dirty? Are there by-products that are toxic or can pollute the environment? How energy-intensive are the various processes used to make the finished product? Where is it made relative to where it’s sold? And how far does it have to travel before it reaches you, the end-user?

 

These are some of the ways to determine the carbon footprint for a product. The more energy and fuel it takes to move materials and finished product around and the farther it has to travel, the greater the carbon emissions which contribute to both pollution and global warming.

 

Other issues or concerns relating to this aspect of production include whether small producers (like farmers) are paid a fair price for materials or services; if workers are being needlessly exposed to any harm during the production process; or are subject to inhumane conditions.

 

2. The Impact of Products During Their Life Cycle

 

For personal care and beauty products, the key is always in the ingredients first, and packaging second. In the hierarchy of available options, plant-based products are clearly safer than their synthetic and petroleum-based counterparts. Plants have been used successfully throughout history for medicinal and beautification purposes, because as creatures of nature it follows that our bodies can comprehend and better utilize ingredients that exist in nature (whether ingested as food or absorbed into the skin through topical use). The advent of synthetics and petroleum by-products is relatively new from a historical perspective. Since they are “manufactured” as opposed to existing in nature, it makes sense that our bodies can and often do have a hard time dealing with them.

 

Of course, organically grown and produced products are safer because of the extremely low exposure to pesticides, and because organic farming practices are non-polluting and totally sustainable.

 

There are an alarming number of chemical and petroleum ingredients that go into making personal care and beauty products, not to mention some scary by-products of the manufacturing process. In March 2008, the Organic Consumers Association (OCA) commissioned a study that found that even some of the leading “natural” and “organic” personal care products contain a highly toxic ingredient called 1,4-Dioxane. This is a by-product of “Ethoxylation”, a cheap short-cut companies use to soften harsh ingredients. 1,4-Dioxane is considered a cancer-causing chemical by the State of California under it’s exhaustive Proposition 65 regulation.

 

When looking at the primary impact on your health and safety, you should also consider the secondary impact of washing these ingredients off your skin and down the drain. What happens when toxic chemicals and petroleum ingredients wind up in our rivers and streams? 1,4-Dioxane has been identified as a leading groundwater contaminant, and is a good example of the hidden dangers that can lurk in products we blithely assume are safe.

 

3. What Happens At the End of the Line?

 

When looking at the final impact of a personal care product on the environment, packaging probably matters most. There are certain types of plastic like PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride) which is not recyclable and whose production is very “dirty.” Plastic can leach chemicals all throughout its life cycle, release toxins into surrounding communities during its manufacture, and can pose health risks from exposure to fumes when incinerated on the back-end.

 

Again, there is a hierarchy of preference when it comes to packaging starting with glass as the safest and most environmentally friendly option, followed by re-usable materials like aluminum or stainless steel (aluminum containers should have an FDA-approved Epoxy phenolic internal coating to prevent reactivity with its contents), and “friendlier,” recyclable plastics such as PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) and HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene). Of most concern to your health and the environment are plastics coded for recycling as #3, #6, and #7. Plastic containers that are acceptable are labeled #1, #2, #4, and #5.

 

To truly “Green” your personal care routine choose products that are designed with “environmental intelligence” from start to finish; are made entirely in the USA –preferably in the region where you live; and don’t pose any known safety risks to your health.

 

© Copyright 2009 Dropwise Essentials

 

 

WANT TO USE THIS ARTICLE IN YOUR EZINE OR WEB SITE? You can, as long as you include this complete blurb with it: Donya Fahmy, is a green business owner and the creator of Dropwise Essentials’ spa-quality aromatherapy body products that help you safely relieve stress, increase vitality, improve confidence, or simply manage your emotional state any time or place without popping a pill. For more free tips and valuable information visit http://www.dropwise.com and subscribe to the Dropwise Health & Beauty News Ezine or blog feed.

 

Dropwise Essentials was founded by Donya Fahmy, a writer, producer, and consultant whose avid interest in the curative powers of aromatherapy and herbs ultimately led her to design and create the seven products and seventeen unique essential oil blends that make up the current Dropwise product line. She has studied aromatherapy with Carol Schiller –a successful author of several aromatherapy books– and with Dr. Daniel Penoel –a renowned expert in the field of medical aromatherapy.

 

Dropwise Essentials is a proud member of the Indie Beauty Network (formerly the Handmade Beauty Network), the Green America Business Network (formerly Co-op America), Green Product Alliance, Natural Ingredient Resource Center, and a Friend of PETA. We were among the first companies to join the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics by signing their Compact for Safe Cosmetics which simply formalizes our existing commitment to formulate products free of known or potentially toxic ingredients.

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Plastic Pollution and the Plight of the Planet

Plastic Pollution and the Plight of the Planet

By: Marlene Affeld

By negligently discarding plastic, especially plastic water bottles, fishing gear and plastic bags, people are unknowingly causing the deaths of millions of mammals, fish, birds and reptiles every year.

We defile the face of the earth with plastic refuse. Since the invention of plastic earlier this century, it has become a popular material used in a wide variety of unique and innovative applications. Plastic is used to make, or wrap around, many of the items we buy or use. The problem comes when we no longer want these items and how we dispose of them, particularly the throwaway plastic material used in wrapping or packaging. Plastic is handy, lightweight and easily discarded. Too easily discarded.

Plastics are not themselves the problem. They are useful materials which can be produced with relatively little damage to the environment. The problem is the excessive use of plastics in one-time applications together with careless disposal.

Take a look around you. Plastic bags can readily be seen hanging from the branches of trees, flying about on windy days, settled amongst grasses and floating on streams. They clog up drains causing water and sewage to overflow and become the breeding grounds of germs and bacteria that spread disease.

Plastics are utilized because they are easy and inexpensive to manufacture, strong and durable. Unfortunately these same useful qualities make plastic an overwhelming pollution problem. Inferior quality and low cost means plastic is readily discarded. Plastics take around 300 years to photo degrade. Plastics long life assures it survival in the environment for extended periods where it can do great harm. Because plastic does not easily decompose and requires high energy ultra-violet light to break down, the volume of plastic waste in the world?s oceans is steadily increasing.

Plastic is now found in virtually all the oceans and rivers of the world, even the most remote and once pristine.

American oceanographer Charles Moore says the amount of plastic pollution in the worlds oceans is so extensive it?s beyond cleaning up. A toxic plastic ?graveyard? double the size of Texas swirls in the waters of the Pacific between San Francisco and Hawaii. There his crew found that the water contained over 40 parts of plastic for every part plankton, with a fivefold increase in the amount of plastic between 1997 and 2007.

Annually approximately 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide. That is an unconscionable amount of waste, so much that more than one million bags are used every minute and their impact on the planet is devastating. Plastic bags are only part of the problem. America alone, yearly produces in excess of 800,000 tons of plastic bottle pollution. World-wide our precious planet is defaced and poisoned with more than 100 million tons of plastic pollution annually.

According to the California Costal Commission, over 80% of refuse within waterways, most of it being plastic, originates on land rather than coming from boats.

Plastic affects marine wildlife in deadly ways: entangling creatures and by being consumed.

Turtles are particularly devastated by plastic pollution. All seven of the world’s turtle species are already endangered or threatened for a multitude of reasons. Turtles become entangled in plastic fishing nets, and many sea turtles have been found dead with plastic garbage bags in their stomachs. Studies indicate turtles mistake these floating semi-transparent bags for jellyfish and eat them. The turtles die an inhumane death from choking or from being unable to eat. A dead turtle found off the coast Hawaii was found to have more than 1000 pieces of plastic in its stomach including part of a comb, a toy truck wheel and lank of nylon rope.

There is great environmental concern about the effect of plastic trash on all marine mammals. These elegant creatures are already under threat for a variety of other reasons: e.g. seal and whale populations have been decimated by unregulated hunting. A recent study concluded that in excess of 100,000 marine mammals die needlessly each year from the deadly effects of plastic pollution.

World-wide over 100 bird species are known to ingest plastic particles. This includes 36 species found off the coast of South Africa. A recent study of blue petrel hatchlings at South Africa’s remote Marion Island showed that 90% of the chicks examined had plastic in their digestive systems, apparently fed to them accidentally by their parents. South African seabirds are among the worst affected in the world. Plastics remain in the bird?s stomachs, impeding digestion and causing starvation.

Scientific studies are not conclusive about how much plastic birds and fish are consuming, however scientist agree that plastic in seafood is likely to be harmful for people. Plastic is compared with better understood toxic materials such as mercury. Plastic acts like a sponge when in contact with poisons such as PCBs, concentrating them at levels that are millions of time more than in seawater.

The ingredients in plastic have been linked to cancer and reproductive abnormalities. Bisphenol A, found in plastic water bottles, has been shown to produce cancer in lab rats, to disrupt hormone levels and is associated with diabetes and obesity.

Scientists also voice concerns that the massive swirls of floating plastic could contribute to global warming by creating a dense shade canopy that makes it difficult for plankton to grow.

“When you defile the pleasant streams and the wild bird’s abiding place, you massacre a million dreams and cast your spittle in God’s face.” ~ John Drinkwater

Let?s look at a few different ways where ?Together We Can Make A Difference?.

The crisis of plastic pollution demands urgent study and action. Businesses should be encouraged to reduce the amount of plastic used in packaging and to re-cycle.

Plastic wrapping and bags should be required to carry a warning label advising of the dangers of plastic pollution and shoppers should be encouraged to use eco-friendly shopping bags of organic, natural materials or recycled plastic fibers. Tell this to our law makers. The situation only continues to worsen. We must act now!

When a tax levy was imposed on plastic bags in Ireland, usage dropped by 90 percent. Several other countries have already banned the use of plastic bags with significant impact. America must follow their example. Support re-cycling programs and promote environmental awareness in your local community. Be pro-active in asking governments to make changes and consumers to re-think their attitudes. Purchase products requiring less plastic packaging and inform store management why you are doing so. We can speak with a loud voice when we speak with our ?dollars?.

Choose to drink tap or carbon filtered water from a glass lined reusable container. If you do purchase plastic bottled, dispose to the container properly. Recycle.

With the increase in environmental awareness, it has become obvious that there is more that we can do to create a sustainable society. If everyone of us would take a few tiny steps, make a few different choices and consciously consider our impact on the planet, there might be a way to restore the world to its original beauty and resources.

Join us in protecting the diversity and quality of our environment. We can all contribute to a healthier, greener world.

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    Plastic as a Source of Environmental Pollution What is the Solution?

    Plastic as a Source of Environmental Pollution What is the Solution?

    Plastic as a source of environmental pollution what is the solution?
    Dr.Kedar Karki
    Background:
    Plastics are synthetic substances produced by chemical reactions. Almost all plastics are made from petroleum, except a few experimental resins derived from corn and other organic substances.

    “Plastics” derived their name from their properties to be molded, cast, extruded or processed into a variety of forms, including solid objects, films and filaments. These properties arise from their molecular structure. Plastics are polymers, very long chain molecules that consist of subunits (monomers) linked together by chemical bonds. The monomers of petrochemical plastics are inorganic materials (such as styrene) and are not biodegradable.

    Plastic has many properties which has made it a raw material of choice for Manufactures of plastic Bags and packing materials. Cost of production, light weight, strength, easy process of manufacture, and availability are few of the properties. There is nothing wrong with plastic as a material. Man has simply not put the plastic to the right use/ or using it without taking proper care of other related norms of usage.

    PLASTIC AS PACKING MATERIAL:

    Plastic has replaced the traditional material (paper/cloth etc) as packing and carry bags because of cost and convenience which is possibly a wrong choice of material for such use. Even though plastic bags can preserve food and can be used for growing vegetables in a controlled environment, their method of disposal has creates unprecedented pollution problem.

    Plastic has many more uses other than Plastic Bags and Packing material. It is used for manufacturing of protective covers and parts for many machines, which should be the preferred utility for plastic.

    SHOPPING CULTURE IN EARLIER DAYS:
    Before the advent of poly-bags, people did shop, buy things, bring eatables from the market, and did the same marketing as is done now. How did they do it? The raw material for the bag was decided by its usage. Cloth bags for lighter items, Gunny bags/Jute bags for voluminous and heavier goods. The cost did not justify use and discard attitude. These bags were washable and reusable lasting for six months to a year.

    Plastic and its Environmental Hazards:

    The hazards plastics pose are numerous. The land gets littered by plastic bag garbage presenting an ugly and unhygienic seen. The “Throw away culture” results in these bags finding their way in to the city drainage system, the resulting blockage cases inconvenience, difficult in maintaining the drainage with increased cost, creates unhygienic environment resulting in health hazard and spreading of water borne diseases. This littering also reduces rate of rain water percolating, resulting in lowering of already low water levels in our cities. The soil fertility deteriorates as the plastic bags form part of manure remains in the soil for years.

    It has been observed that the animals eating the bags sometimes die. Plastic goes into the ocean which is already a plastic infested body of water. Fish and other marine species in the water ways, misunderstanding plastic garbage as food items swallow them and die.

    SHOULD PLASTIC BE TOTALLY BANNED?

    Many household utility items like needle, scissors, and blades can heart if not handled properly. Children need to be trained in their proper handling. These utility items are not banned. But because of throw away culture and no objection from passer by, the advice on sensible disposal of plastic bags are not heeded by general public forcing the government to consider banning of plastic bags all together.

    “Should plastic carry bags and bottles be banned in totality?” – is a heated issue today. World annual average is a alarming 18 kg. But too many do it as our cities have huge population. The country yet to take a serious view of the issue and have a uniform nation-wide law for indiscreet disposals of plastic bags. People should be educated on the proper ways of plastic bag usage and the disposal. The teaching should start right from the primary schools. Plastic is an eco-friendly material. The real problem is littering, some claim. But there is hardly anybody who agrees with such viewpoint.
    Thinking rationally, the whole idea of educating people about plastic bags, although very ambitious, and it is as difficult as banning smoking The conventional older and tested alternatives offers an easy, if not fully equitable and practical solution.
    And all the hype that poly-bags pollute is not totally false. It is not that poly-bags are responsible for the ills, of course not, it is the humans. It is ignorance (or who cares attitude). We have not banned sewing needles they pierce through the skin. It’s a stupid idea. Whether it is the common citizen, the government official or the hard-hit plastic bag manufacturer, all of them agree on one point – firm steps are required to be taken against littering of plastic bags and bottles all around.

    THE GLOBAL DIMENSION:

    More than a 100 million tonnes of plastic is produced world-wide each year. Though plastics have opened the way for a plethora of new inventions and devices it has also ended up clogging the drains and becoming a health hazard. Many countries, including India, are trying to increase the amount of plastic that is recycled. But commercial interests create hindrance for effective legislation to remove plastics from goods where they can threaten public health. Also there is a clear trend of shipping off the plastic waste of developed countries to under developed and developing countries.
    FUTURE ALTERNATIVE – ECO-FRIENDLY PLASTICS:

    However newer technology is also being developed in this regard. This entails the use of DEGRADABLE PLASTICS. The principal is to incorporate into the plastic some chemical that is photodegradable/biodegradable or chemically treatable.

    By adding starch, biodegradable plastics are generally made. On burial such plastics are attacked by bacteria feeding on starch, which breaks these down into tiny particles that disappear harmlessly into the soil. Some common examples of biodegradable plastics are the use of “non-removable” suture materials in surgery or capsules for drugs, which dissolve slowly in body fluids.

    Chemically degradable plastics can be broken up by spraying them with a solution that causes them to dissolve. For example such material can be used as a protective wax covering for new cars that wash off at the dealer’s garage by a specially formulated spray. This spray reacts with one of the components of the plastic and causes it to dissolve into harmless materials which can be flushed down the drain.

    Photo-degradable plastics contain chemicals that slowly disintegrate when exposed to light. In France, strips of photo-degradable plastic about 3 ft (1mtr) wide are used to retain heat in the soil and produce early crops. They last for about 1 to 3 years before rotting into the soil. But they have to be used in places with consistent amount of sunshine so that they decay at a predictable rate. In the USA, about one quarter of the plastic yokes that link beer cans in a six pack are made of plastic called Ecolyte, which is photo-degradable. But to stop them decaying too early, they must be stored away from direct sunlight, which can be of some inconvenience to the retailer.

    However degradable plastic can have a few other problems. For example, it cannot be recycled because there is no easy way to measure its remaining life span. The biggest drawback is the cost of its production. Japanese scientists however claim that they will soon be able to produce much cheaper multipurpose biodegradable plastic. In order to obviate the disposal problems and to prevent

    Environmental pollution caused by routinely used polythene packaging materials; it would be prudent, for the present, to use eco-friendly paper packaging. The manufacturers of plastic packaging like soft drink bottles/mineral water bottles etc must come forward and develop appropriate methods of disposal/own responsibility for disposal.

    Plastic bags are so light and strong that they can carry normal weight, cheap and is used in all types of shops in our daily life. For example: bakeries, medical shops, grocery stores, hotels, etc. People are so accustomed to it, that they find it very difficult to part with it. Plastic bags have made it possible for people to go without bags to market or work place as these bags are availably for asking and can be thrown without a second thought.

    People who go on picnics, visiting historic places, hill stations etc., to enjoy their holidays or just for a change carry with them eatables in containers, plastic bags, mineral water bottles (plastic), plastic plates and plastic cups and generally leave it in the open air after consuming the contents. One can find this in tourist centres scattered all over. Road-side vendors also use plastic cups to serve coffee or tea. The customers throw these cups on foot paths or near drains after consuming the contents.

    These plastic materials are so light that they are carried away by the speed of the moving vehicle, wind etc., scattered all over, making the surroundings look ugly. There are instances wherein these materials have clogged the underground drains. People are in the habit of throwing things they don’t need wherever they like irrespective of the final result. People should be specially educated regarding the use of plastic in our daily life, as it is environment unfriendly. Boys and girls, men and women with bags on their backs and a stick in one hand walking long distances, picking up plastic waste, paper, bottles etc., from dust bins, road sides, is a common sight in our cities. These rag pickers sell the waste collected, to the collection centre to earn their livelihood. These materials are recycled.

    The waste materials collected are of all types including plastic materials, such as plastic bags, plastic cups, plastic bottles etc. Instead of carrying these wastes away, they are burnt on the road side polluting the area with thick smoke which produce toxic gases (because of burning of plastic material) posing a health hazard. Inhaling of such gases causes lung diseases and even cancer. They resort to burning of waste material with the main intention of reducing the number of trips a lorry has to take. Plastic being non-degradable, when buried under the ground, arrest the percolation of water into the ground. Animals grazing in the field consuming this plastic waste along with grass cannot be ruled out. Now-a-days, in almost all functions, it has become a practice to use thin plastic sheets to cover the dining tables to give it a good look and also so that it is easy to clean the table, as left over can be removed by rolling the sheet at a stretch. These are thrown near the dust bin.

    Besides this, thin plastic cups are also used for drinking water, which also finds a place in the dust bin. One can find near the dust bin, waiting slum children, crows, stray cows, dogs to share the leftovers. In this process, they fight amongst themselves and stray cows in majority of cases have consumed thin plastic sheets along with left over, leading to untold sufferings and also found dead on many occasions. It is therefore, suggested that a ban be placed on the use of plastic sheets, plastic cups, along with plastic bags. Plastic industries manufacturing plastic bags (below 20 microns) thin sheets, thin cups and thin bottles, should be informed about its ill-effects on the environment and advised not to manufacture such items. If the industry is located in a residential area, action should be taken to shift it immediately. The factory management should take all measures to control the pollution created, within the stipulated norms.

    THE SOLUTION.

    The solution lies in finding out:

    1. Alternative suitable for making Bags and packing material at competitive rate and convenience without having any negative aspect.

    2. Reaserch&Develpoment to make plastic more environments friendly.
    3. Educate users to the right disposal methods.

    4. Reduce the no of users by reducing the population in the long run.

    5. Process vegetable, etc to higher density so as to reduce the no of bags required to pack and carry.

    6. Encourage reusable bags from traditional materials by suitable advertisements to make it fashionable.

    7. Cost of mfg bags with traditional material can be subsidized by printing advertisement on the bags.

    Dr.Kedar Karki.M.V.St. Preventive Veterinary Medicine CLSU Philippines

    Senior Veterinary Officer

    Central Veterinary Laboratory

    Tripureshwor

    Kathmandu Nepal

    Article from articlesbase.com

    www.ulstershredders.com Watch as full plastic bottles are shredded in seconds by an Ulster Shredder
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    Got Water Bottles Removes All Plastic Bottled Waters: Reduce Your Carbon Foot Print With Promotional Water Bottles

    Got Water Bottles Removes All Plastic Bottled Waters: Reduce Your Carbon Foot Print With Promotional Water Bottles

    Nations from around the world are actively working to raise the awareness of climate change and reduce our massive carbon footprints. One way to combat global warming is by using eco-friendly promotional drink ware. In the production of any item, energy in the form of fuel is needed to power machines and transport goods to stores. It is the hope that once these items are created, they will serve their owners for years to come. However, most bottled waters end up tossed into the garbage pail within minutes or days. The cheap plastic isn’t worth holding on to and the completely non sustainable production and use of them threatens our environment. With the satisfaction of our customers and preservation of our earth in mind, we’ve happily removed all plastic bottled waters from our collection.

    In the past ten years plastic bottled waters have become staples of our society. Many people consider them safer then tap water and more convenient for on the go. By popular demand, they remain on shelves packed in bulk. Unfortunately the majority of people choosing these bottles are not doing their research or their fair share of recycling. This cycle of buy, throw out, buy more has led to a continued demand for plastic water bottles and a place to dumb their remains.

    Recently many efforts have been made by the government after bring pressed by environmental groups world-wide. Concerns of BPA in plastic water bottles caused panic and called for better water bottle standards. Likewise, avid plastic water bottle users are urged to recycle their bottles to help reduce the massive amounts of pollution. Being more conscientious of bottled water usage is important but the best thing you can do is stop using them altogether.

    When you use environmentally friendly sport bottles you reduce your plastic waste and help secure a healthy environment for generations to come. Using promo eco tumblers in your daily life will reduce your carbon foot print and keep hazardous plastics out of our lakes, rives and oceans. Because of the many downsides of plastic water bottles, it’s clear that reusable mugs and cups are superior. However, custom water bottles can stand on their own feet for many reasons.

    The principal perk of these bottles is that time and again, owners will use these bottles. Students in the classroom, athletes on the field, businessmen in offices, working-girls on the go – they all love promotional water bottles. 90 percent of Americans have access to a public water system that is regulated, which makes refilling bottles a worry-free breeze. By requiring water system groups to give annual reports, the government is able to oversea the quality of each water supply. With high standards on and easy access to tap water, it makes sense to eliminate plastic bottled water from your life.

    When you promote your school or business with promotional water bottles they’ll be proud to join the green movement. Not only will you be providing people with a smart way to refresh themselves throughout the day, but you’ll be reducing everyone’s carbon footprint. In days, people will even see a decrease in expenses once taking back the tap. With the removable of bottled waters from our collection we look forward to a more sustainable future for our business and yours.

    Jenn Jimenez is a content specialist for Got Water Bottles. We are dedicated to reducing our carbon footprint by advocating these eco-friendly sport bottles. Join the green movement and choose these custom water bottles today. We ensure a succesful promotion for your business no matter what environmentally friendly sport bottle you choose.

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