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Clean Technology Annual Deals Analysis 2010
GlobalData’s “Clean Technology Annual Deals Analysis 2010” report is an essential source of data and trend analysis on the Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) and financing in the clean technology market. The report provides detailed information on M&A, Equity/Debt Offerings, Private Equity, Venture Financing and Partnership transactions registered in the clean technology industry in 2009. The report portrays detailed comparative data on the number of deals and their value in 2009 subdivided by deal types, segments, and geographies. Additionally, the report provides information on the top private equity, venture capital, and advisory firms in the clean technology industry.
Data presented in this report is derived from GlobalData’s proprietary in-house Clean Technology eTrack deals database and primary and secondary research.
Investments In The Clean Technology Industry Increased By 32%, While The Number of Deals Decreased By 24% In 2009
The clean technology market witnessed a 32% increase in investments to reach 1 billion in 2009 from 8 billion in 2008. This was driven by new climate and energy legislation from governments worldwide, and especially China’s large players scouting out to gain technology and market access in the West. Troubled companies looking at realignment with large-stronger companies in order to survive has also created the perfect storm for investment activity in the clean technology market, despite the economic turmoil. The first quarter of 2009 had emerged as the best investment quarter with 7.2 billion of new investments.
The clean technology market had seen a gradual increase in investments with CAGR of 30% from 2005-2009, driven by confluence of economic trends, technological advancements, and resource constraints which has positioned the clean technology market for sustained growth.
The number of deals decreased from 2,853 deals in 2008 to 2,176 deals in 2009, attributing to large number of small deals. The year 2009 showcased a big challenge for huge amount of capital raising.
Mergers & Acquisitions’ Investments Increased Marginally In The Clean Technology Industry In 2009
Mergers and acquisitions witnessed a marginal increase in investments to reach .5 billion in 2009 from .1 billion in 2008. M&A activity was buoyant in the clean technology market, spurred by enormous stimulus packages provided by various governments worldwide and the clean energy legislative activity.
Q1 2009 pocketed maximum investments with .9 billion. Some of the big-ticket deals that led to huge investments in Q1 2009 include: Acciona’s sale of 25.01% interest In Endesa for .2 billion; RWE’s .8 billion acquisition of Essent; and Vattenfall’s acquisition of 49% interest in Nuon for .2 billion.
The number of M&A deals decreased from 832 deals in 2008 to 526 deals in 2009, due to companies nidus approach on the stabilization and on the planned capital investment activities.
Further, asset transactions/purchases of clean technology assets, such as wind farms, solar and hydro equipment, ethanol/biodiesel plants, recycling facilities, and geothermal projects, witnessed a decrease in investments from .3 billion in 2008 to .5 billion in 2009. The big drop out in investments was attributed to International Paper’s acquisition of Weyerhaeuser’s containerboard packaging and recycling business for billion in 2008. However, the number of deals increased to 104 deals in 2009 from 54 deals in 2008.
According to Arun Kumar C, Analyst at GlobalData, “Consolidation activities in clean energy generation sector are partly attributed to the marginal increase in M & A activities in the clean technology industry. Small and medium sized cleantech companies struggled to stay afloat during 2009 due to tight financing options caused by credit crunch. Global credit crunch made the SMEs potential targets for mergers and acquisitions. Government owned power utilities in an effort to diversify the energy mix acquired clean energy companies the world over which also bumped up M&A Investments.”
Increased Financing Through Debt Offerings
Debt offerings, including secondary offerings and private placements, became the most prominent among all financing activities in the clean technology market with over 1 billion raised from 550 deals in 2009, compared to 7 billion raised from 474 deals in 2008.The increase in investments can primarily be attributed to energy generation segment with a contribution of 51% to the total deal value in 2009. Public debt offering dominated the debt market with 460 deals worth 5 billion. Further, the clean technology market has seen a gradual increase in debt offerings with CAGR of 46.7% from 2005 – 2009.
In addition, equity offerings, including initial public offerings (IPOs), secondary offerings, and private placements, increased from billion in 2008 to billion in 2009. One of the major deals that caught the headlines was Enel’s completion of rights offering for billion.
According to Arun Kumar C, Analyst at GlobalData, “Global stock markets plummeted and investor confidence in equities remained at very low levels throughout 2009. Corporations naturally opted for low-risk debt instruments to finance their operations and expansions which manifested as a marked increase in debt offerings.”
Decreased Venture Capital Funding For Clean Technology Companies In 2009
Venture capital financing for clean technology companies decreased from .8 billion in 2008 to .4 billion in 2009, paralleling the global economic decline, after a good bullish run in the investment from .6 billion in 2007 to .8 billion in 2008. The number of venture capital deals also decreased from 373 deals in 2008 to 236 deals in 2009; primarily driven by the cautious movement of venture capitalist and tumbling global economic indicators. Energy Generation, Energy Infrastructure, and Transportation segments saw strong investment contributions from venture capitalists in 2009.
Some of the major companies that squeezed out venture capital funding in 2009 were Today Energy Equity, Inc., a developer of solar power plants, which received 0 million from Hiroshi Development, LLC and Credit de Laque, LP; Silver Spring Networks, Inc., a smart grid solutions provider, which received 0 million from Google Ventures and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers; and Suniva, Inc., a manufacturer of silicon solar cells, which secured million from Warburg Pincus LLC. Khosla Ventures emerged as the top venture capital firm by providing financing for 12 clean technology companies worth 1.3 million in 2009, followed by Kleiner Perkins with 11 financing deals worth 4.4 million.
In addition, private equity (PE) financing decreased drastically from billion in 2008 to .6 billion in 2009, mirroring the global financial meltdown. The Quercus Trust topped the PE financing table, by participating in 10 transactions for deal value worth .3 million in 2009.
According to Arun Kumar C, Analyst at GlobalData, “Clean technology industry received less than expected PE\VC Funding in 2009 with investors’ enthusiasm tumbling due to the gloomy economic climate. PE\VC firms held back from investing in new cleantech ventures and followed wait & watch approach looking for green shoots in global economy.”
Investments Surge In Asia Pacific And Europe In 2009
Clean technology investments in Asia Pacific and Europe increased by 126% and 52% respectively in 2009. Asia Pacific registered .3 billion of investments in 2009 compared to .7 billion in 2008, and Europe reported investments of 8.4 billion in 2009 compared to 0.5 billion in 2008, amid the financial crunch and economic crisis. Further, North America registered a steady growth in investments, from 1 billion in 2008 to 5 billion in 2009
Further, Middle East and Africa saw a decline of 52%, registering billion of new investments in 2009, and South Central America saw a decline of 12% with .5 billion of investments in 2009.
According to Arun Kumar C, Analyst at GlobalData, “Aggressive ramp-up plans for renewable energy sources in the developing economies of China and India attracted significant investments to Asia Pacific cleantech sector. Governments and Investors joined forces to invest enthusiastically in clean technology industries causing a spurt despite the gloomy economic conditions.” For more details, please vist http://www.reportreserve.com/reportdet.php?company=GlobalData&reportid=10035
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Plastic Mold Of The Basic Knowledge And Technology
Our daily production and life to the various tools used and products, large machine tool base, body shell, an embryo as small screws, buttons and various household appliances in the shell, are all closely with the mold relationship. The shape of the mold determines the shape of these products, the quality and precision mold processing also determines the quality of these products. Materials for various products, appearance, size and use of different mold into the casting mold, forging mold, die casting mold, stamping mold and other non-plastic mold, plastic mold.
Recent years, with the rapid development of plastics industry and general and engineering plastics in the strength and precision, continuous improvement, the application of plastic products is also expanding, such as: home appliances, toys, construction equipment, automotive industry and many other fields, the proportion of plastic products is rapidly increasing. A well-designed plastic parts can often replace the more traditional metal parts. Household products plastic industrial products and the rising trend.
General definition of mold: in industrial production, with a variety of presses and presses installed in a dedicated tool, the pressure of a metal or non-metallic materials the shape of the required parts or products, this special tool referred to as mold.
Injection molding process Description: Mold is a tool for the production of plastic products. It consists of several groups of components parts, the portfolio contribution has Type Modular cavity. Injection, the mold clamping in injection molding machine, molten plastic is injected into the molding cavity, and cooling in the cavity shape, and then die down to separate out the system through the top products from the top of the left mold cavity, the final mold is closed again for the next injection, the injection molding process is carried out cycle.
Die general categories: can be divided into plastic molds and non-plastic mold:
(1) non-plastic molds are: casting mold, forging mold, stamping mold, die casting mold.
A. Casting mold?? Faucet, cast iron platform
B. Forging die?? Auto body
C. Stamping die?? Computer panel
D. Die Casting?? Super alloys, cylinder block
(2) plastic mold production technology and production according to the different products are divided into:
A. Injection Molding?? TV cabinet, keyboard button (the most common)
B. Blowing mold?? Drink bottles
C. Compression Molding?? Bakelite switch, science bowl dish
D. Transfer Molding?? IC products
E. Extrusion Die?? Glue tubes, plastic bags
F. Hot Forming Die?? Transparent shell molding packaging
G. Rotation Molding?? Soft doll toy
Plastic Injection Molding is the most commonly used method. This method is suitable for all thermoplastic and thermoset parts, obtained large quantities of plastic products is unmatched by other molding methods, injection molding process as one of the main injection mold, precision in quality, manufacturing cycle and the injection molding process in terms of the level of production efficiency, directly affect the product quality, yield, cost and product updates, but also determines the competition in the market responsiveness and speed.
injection mold by a number of steel plates with the composition of the various parts, the basic divided into:
A molding device (die, punch)
B positioning device (guide posts, guide sleeve)
C fixtures (H board, code-mode pits)
D cooling system (carrying water hole)
E constant temperature system (heat pipe, the heater)
F flow system (pump Tsui hole, flow tank, flow holes)
G ejection system
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March 2009 Shandong International Pulp And Paper Technology And Equipment Exhibition
Pulp and Paper Technology and Equipment Exhibition
2009 Shandong (International) Technique and Equipment Exhibition onPulp & Paper Industry
Exhibition Time: March 17, 2009? 19
Venue: Shandong Machinery & Equipment Exhibition Centre (the liberation of East Road, Jinan, China 69)
Supported by: Shandong Publishing Group, Shandong Provincial Light Industry Office
Sponsored by: Paper Industry Association, Shandong Province, Shandong Province, Printing Materials Corporation
By: Shandong Machinery & Equipment Exhibition Centre
Sponsor: Chenming Paper Holdings, Huatai Group Co., Ltd., Sun Paper, Bo Paper Co., Ltd., Shandong Quan Lin Zhiye limited liability company, China Metallurgical Paper Yinhe Co., Ltd., Shandong China Gold Group Co., Ltd., Shandong Taishan Paper Industry Co., Ltd., Shandong Heng Investment Co., Ltd. Union, Pacific Fair Pulp and Paper Co., Ltd. Shandong, Shandong Green Paper Co. Court, Shandong Changhua Paper Machinery Co., Ltd., Shandong bell Machinery Co., Ltd., Kai Shun Machinery Co., Ltd. Weifang, Shandong star Co., Ltd., Shandong Haitian Paper Machinery Co., Ltd.
Supported media: “Chinese Paper” “Paper Technology”, “Paper and Paper” “Paper Chemicals,” “Paper Weekly News,” “Fortune Paper”, “Forest and Paper”
China Paper Paper China Business Network China Network Control Network Equipment Network China Network China Forklift China Pump & Valve
Official website: http://www.expoline.cn
Present, Shandong paper production reached 13 million tons account for 18% of national output, sales revenue, total profit and tax and total profit of three indicators of the national total accounted for 1 / 4, yield and economic benefit of 12 consecutive ranks first in the country in 2010, Shandong paper production will exceed 15 million tons. “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, Shandong paper industry will actively adjust the industrial structure, strengthen international exchanges and cooperation in advanced technology to achieve scientific development and harmonious development and innovation in development and continue to contribute to the development of Chinese paper industry. Organizing Committee has invited Chenming, China and Thailand, the sun, Bo, Quan Lin, Galaxy, Joaquin, Mount Taishan, constant conjunction, the Asia-Pacific Fair and Youth Court paper paper industry and other key enterprises in Shandong and Changhua, bell, star, Kay equipment such as letters and Haitian businesses and exhibitors this year as co-organized by International Paper Exhibition. We invite domestic and foreign enterprises to participate in exhibitions, to work together to develop this paper accomplishing the international pulp and paper industry event.
Show theme: green energy saving technology innovation cycle of the economy
Exhibition purposes: to attract the world’s leading supplier of technical equipment to provide the perfect process and technology solutions to help mills reduce costs to achieve sustainable development
Exhibition area (1) writing printing paper, paper pulp Pavilion white cardboard coated paper coated paper coated paperboard corrugated paper board packaging paper kraft paper kraft liner board various specialty paper newsprint paper office paper pulp waste of life pulp non-wood pulp
(B) Equipment Products section paper pulping equipment, paper making equipment, complete equipment, domestic waste paper pulping technology and equipment used equipment paper pulp and paper environmental technology and energy saving technologies and equipment, automation equipment, electrical instrumentation transmission and control equipment computer-controlled equipment parts paper pulp and paper handling equipment dehydration machinery and transport equipment other pulp and paper related products, technology, equipment and materials
(C) modified starch paper chemicals exhibition of functional water-soluble polymers the process of papermaking chemicals, paper chemicals fill (pigment) coated adhesive (rubber)
(A) the price of one site. Domestic enterprises: RMB 5,000 / booth (3m * 3m), double-sided opening subject to 10%; light to 530 yuan /? (36? Minimum); outdoor 2,500 yuan / 9 ? (Dec. 31 to determine Booth 8.5 fold, February 15, 2009 8.8 fold, 9.5 fold on March 5, concession stand contract to determine, transfer or payment date). 2. Foreign enterprises: USD 1000 / booth (3m * 3m), double-sided opening subject to 10%; light to USD105 /?
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Dual-Dispensing Packaging Technology
Dual packages can deliver low-cost products while preserving the activity and effectiveness of the individual components. For these products, the incompatibility of the component ingredients dictates that the components remain separate until the moment of use.
There are several categories of dual-chambered packaging technology:
1) Dual compartments
2) Dual tubes
3) Dual chambers with unique discharge orifices
The technologies associated with these types of dual containers can be adapted or customized for dispensing products of different viscosities, from thick pastes to aqueous solutions.
The principle difference between these various types of dual dispensers is the manner in which the twin components are mixed. Generally, the components are transported and then mixed as used on a brush, in a cup, in the hand, etc. Sometimes the mixing can be in a third chamber which is part of the transporting package.
Dual containers can be fabricated from plastic, glass, or metal. Dual-dispensing technologies also offer varying degrees of precision in dose-to-dose delivery and mix ratio of the components. For some products, the need for clean dispensing cut-off must be considered. A clean cut-off will prevent cross contamination of the two components at the exit orifice.
Two critical factors control the advance of dual-packaged products in the marketplace. The first is packaging costs. In general, dual products cannot compete on shelf price. Shelf price is a function of manufacturing, material, and other costs. The cost of the dual compartmented package is increased due to the complexity of the package as compared to two separate containers of the incompatible components or a single container with an admixture of the two components.
Manufacturing costs are also greater for dual packaged products since dual containers are essentially packaged twice. Two completed packages must be provided, filled, closed, and sealed, for each shelf unit produced. Manufacturing costs of dual packaging are also increased by the complexity of the production operation.
The second factor that can drive dual packages from the market is reformulation. A manufacturer can devise a formulation or process that “compatibilizes” the incompatible components, obviating the need for the two compartmented package.
Guideline anticipates that new products with roots in the pharmaceutical, healthcare, and personal care areas will adapt dual packaging to products with a specific and unique requirement for dual-chambered technology. These market introductions will provide the user with a superior product and the manufacturer with a new means of supplying this product. The next several years should see movement in the usage of this technology.
The dual-compartmented package is just starting a cycle that will take some time to bring to fruition – time for consumers to perceive benefits afforded by the duality of the packaging unit, time to test the products, and time to review results. If a result can be obtained by a less expensive or higher performance alternative, then the dual-packaged product will fail in the marketplace.
This is the executive summary of an annual strategic report on dual-dispensing packaging technology written by Guideline staff and experts. For more information please visit us at www.intota.com.
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Reduce Your Company?s Carbon Footprint and Save Money
The environmental cost of commerce has become an important part of business in America and the world as we all become increasingly aware and concerned about the impact of our actions on climate change and our environment. Many businesses are creating sustainability plans, training environmental impact officers and implementing company wide recycling and reduction programs.
For many small and medium sized businesses, the option of hiring a college degreed sustainability officer and staff is really not in the budget. There are however new online training programs which cater to small and medium sized businesses such as CarbonProfessionalSchool.com But short of taking a course and becoming an expert, what can your business do to be environmentally responsible and reduce your carbon footprint…all while saving money.
Here are 5 ways to reduce your carbon footprint and save some money.
(1) Recycle Toner and Ink Jet Cartridges. These things, which always run out at the most inopportune time, cost way too much and, contrary to what the big companies than manufacture them proclaim with their “send it in recycling programs” – end up in the landfill, usually in the poorest areas of the world. The technology and quality of recycled toner and ink jet cartridges in many cases surpasses the original equipment manufacturers…and you get to support a local business like yours when you patronize them. And don’t forget to set your printers to “draft” mode when you’re not printing for official communications…it’ll save you money and toner/ink.
(2) Use Less and Buy Recycled Paper. Back in the early 90’s when email was gaining popularity we all proclaimed that it was the beginning of the paperless office. But the paper companies weren’t scared. Paper sales went through the roof because now we had more information to print out, copy and share with each other. Now there are a variety of document sharing services, including free ones like Google Docs, while allow immediate sharing of and collaboration of documents without having to print out 5 copies for the group to mark up. It saves money, time and is much more efficient.
Furthermore, as the quality of recycled content paper has gone up to photo quality level and the cost has gone down to below the cost of “new” paper, it clearly makes no sense not to include the procurement of recycled printer and copier paper in your corporate sustainability plan.
(3) Go Paperless with your invoices. PayPal and Google Checkout both have electronic invoicing capabilities for those of you who process payments via credit card, and for many companies, their PayPal and Google Checkout accounts are tied directly to their corporate checking accounts for seemless, and transaction fee free payment processing. They both offer a variety of export formats and integrate with popular accounting packages like QuickBooks and Microsoft Accounting.
No more 3 copy carbon based invoices, no gas guzzling postmen delivering the mail and no more licking envelopes!
(4) Recycle Everything. Soda cans, newspapers, used equipment, furniture and materials (if you’re manufacturing things) all carry a price. Aluminum cans trade for around $ .80 a pound (32 12 ounce cans = 1 pound) – so figure you can sell them to a local recycler for a bit better than half of that. Doesn’t sound like a lot, but when you have an office full of Red Bull crazed employees or “Diet Coke Fiends” it can actually add up relatively quickly.
List your used equipment on Craigslist or Google for a local company that will pick up and “recycle” your used equipment – or better yet, donate it to a local charity and take the tax deduction. Goodwill and the Salvation Army will send out a truck to pick up larger items and most likely make weekly or monthly trips through your area.
(5) Offset Your Carbon Footprint with Carbon Credits
While Reducing, Reusing and Recycling is key in preventing climate change, offsetting your carbon emissions is the next great step in the preservation of our environment for generations to come. The Carbon Calculator Math is below, or you could use a Carbon Footprint Calculator at ecoaidnow.com/Calculators.aspx
To offset your carbon emissions simply means to neutralize your part in the polluting of our environment. In technical terms, a carbon offset is a certificate representing the reduction of one metric ton (2,205 lbs) of carbon dioxide emissions.
Certified Projects are developed such as a reforestation project that reduces carbon dioxide emissions, every ton of emissions reduced will result in the creation of one certified carbon offset (ecoaidnow.com)
Since carbon dioxide emissions are the principal cause of climate change, purchasing carbon offsets is key to promoting a greener environment.
When you offset your personal carbon emissions, you are doing your much-needed part in helping to put an end to global warming and climate change. In addition to making the world a better place, you just might also score a few popularity points with your friends and family.
Going Green at work doesn’t necessarily mean that you have to build a new building out of used tires, or procure all new energy saving computer and office equipment. It is possible to work towards carbon neutrality without breaking the bank, and then supplement your efforts with cost-effective carbon credits.
Dr. Ken Pollock is EcoAid’s Chief Executive Officer, sets the strategy for the company. www.ecoaidnow.com. Read more of his articles at www.buycarboncreditsandoffsets.com. In addition, he will be launching http://carbonprofessionalschool.com in the near future to provide the training and tools for individuals, businesses and institutions. He has a PhD in Chemical Engineering.
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The Applications of Dairy Packaging Quality Testing and Analysis Technology
Dairy products as the daily necessity, plays more and more important role in our life.The flexible package quality control of dairy products,becomes more prominent. Hereinafter is the introduction to the flexible package quality control and analysis.
1.Testing and Analysis of Composite/Bond Strength of Dairy Packaging Materials
Qualified and cost-saving composite material needs to undergo quality testing analysis of the layers so as to find proper composition indexes.Labthink Auto Tensile Tester Manufactured is specializing in the test of flexible package line and in compliance with relevant ASTM, ISO and Chinese GB standards.
2. Testing and Analysis of Coefficient of Friction of Dairy Flexible Packaging Materials
The coefficient of friction tests are for control and adjustment of open easiness of flexible packages as well as packing speed of packing machines, and other production quality and processing indexes. Labthink MXD-02 Coefficient of Friction Tester is multi-method applicable so as to resolve the problem of method confusion for the manufacturer.
3. Gas and Water Vapor Transmission Testing and Analysis of Dairy Flexible Packaging Materials
The gas and water vapor transmission property tests of dairy packaging materials are of vital importance in dairy industry. Mocon, PBI andPERME OX2/230 Oxygen Transmission Rate Test System can all test the relevant indexes. Labthink PERME OX2/230 Oxygen Transmission Rate Test System is of coulometric principle and equal pressure method for the oxygen transmission property testing of film, sheets and containers (bottles, bags, cans and boxes). This system is advanced in its function and accuracy: master base-satellite mode, one master base can connect 9 satellite bases so as to realize simultaneous testing of 30 specimens with greater testing efficiency.
4. Testing and Analysis of the Heat Seal Strength of Dairy Flexible Packages
Heat seal is an important index for packaging materials.Labthink XLW (PC) Auto Tensile Tester can accomplish this task professionally. This instrument can automatically read the data and automatically judge the strength value as well as carry out data superposition of the same specimen group.
5. Leakage Testing and Analysis of Dairy Package
Leakage is an important index for dairy products, and has great influence on product quality. Inferior sealing performance is the main cause of the following leakage and deterioration. With Labthink LSSD-01 Leak and Seal Strength Detector, we can evaluate the quality of the packages and judge the corresponding sealing processing.
6. Other Quality and Analysis of Dairy Packages
The well printed dairy packages will definitely attract the sight of more customers and expand market share. Labthink YGJ-02 Adhesive Tensile & Shear Tester and BLJ-02 Disk Stripping Tester can be adopted so as to achieve quality control purpose in printing and color.
Labthink Instruments Co., Ltd.
No. 144 Wuyingshan Road, Jinan 250031, China
Tracy Bao firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: 0086 531 85061153 fax:0086 531 85812140
Labthink, the excellent provider of testing instruments and testing services, is devoted to provide most excellent and complete quality control solutions for pharmaceutical, foodstuff, cosmetics, packaging, printing, adhesive, automotive, petrochemistry, environment, biology, new energy, construction, aviation and electronic industries worldwide.
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Delray Beach Hyundai dealers get greener with new technology
Greener and greener. Well, that what I see out my window. My Midwest community, like many others, has been inundated with rain and the grass just keep growing, even though it won’t dry out enough to be mowed. But the auto industry keeps getting greener and greener and that’s surely a good thing for everyone.
With all the advances in green technology, our environment will benefit and we will eventually be able to use more sustainable energy sources than non-renewable ones and get them all from our own resources. A pat on the back for those automakers who are working to get these models onto the roads of America.
Delray Beach Hyundai dealers are excited about the prospect of the Sonata Hybrid, slated to hit the showroom next year. It will get better mileage than the Elantra Blue, which boasts 35 mph currently, and the engineering will include stop/start capability within the next two years. Buyers of the 2011 Hyundai Sonata will soon know that Hyundai can build a hybrid as well as a gasoline engine vehicle and the superior fuel efficiency will seal the deal. Although the hybrid versions of most Hyundai models with start/stop ability won’t be available until 2012, just the anticipation of the technology will create enough stir to keep curious would-be buyers interested. The projections for these new models are very promising. They are estimated to have about three percent better fuel economy and the CO2 reduction will be higher as well, making this truly green technology. Another side benefit of the race for green technology is that although the automakers are in competition with each other to find and build the best, most affordable eco-friendly vehicles, each advance builds on the previous ones and they are, in essence, working together. Customers of Delray Beach Hyundai dealers will want to get their name on a list for the new Sonata when it hits the lot. There is even speculation that Hyundai has a Sonata has a coupe convertible in the works. Okay, how cool is that? Green technology, affordable driving and the cool factor all wrapped up in one sleek, fast package.
Of course, this would expand the customer base for Sonata, drawing in the young, single clientele and possibly the over-40s and the empty-nesters who want something sportier yet still want to be environmentally responsible.
Bottom line: Hyundai is seeking to make the right moves by improving its current green technology; expanding the choices among it models to entice a wider range of customers; and cleverly keeping the Hyundai name at the forefront of our minds. Apparently the 2011 Hyundai Sonata was just the beginning of the impressive repertoire that Hyundai plans to orchestrate for the car-buying public in the U.S.
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A Brief Understanding Of How Plastic Mouldings Are Made
Plastic moulds and materials are now an intrinsic part of everyday life as most of what people use at home, work and in their day-to-day activities have plastic parts or moulds in one form or another. Most people can be amazed on the wide variety of shapes, sizes and functions that can be derived from plastic moulds and many often wonder how the manufacturers were able to produce them.
Historically speaking, plastic was first produced by Alexander Parks back in 1851 and called his first product Parkesine – a result of turning organic materials into a non-organic form through moulding. John Wesley Hyatt eventually discovered a way in using this technology into a manufacturing industry that we know today.
The Types of Plastic Mouldings
There are basically two types of plastics available for commercial and industrial use. The first is the meltable type or what is technically known as thermoplastics. The other type is not meltable and these are called thermosets. The difference lies in their polymer structure. Thermoplastics can be melted again and reshaped into another form, while thermosets retain their shape and could not be reformed. There are a variety of applications that use each type of these mouldings while others can make use of both.
The Processes Involved in Making Plastic Mouldings
There are a variety of ways that can be used to create mouldings from plastic and these are used depending on the kind of application where these mouldings are used. The most common and most popular method is injection moulding and is used in making a whole variety of plastic products for home, commercial or industrial use. In this method, melted plastic resin is forced into a small hole called a sprue and into the cavity of a pre-shaped mold through machines called injection moulders. The melted plastic slowly solidifies and takes form based on the shape of the mold.
Another process used to make plastic mouldings is called the blow moulding method. This process is used to create plastic products with hollow parts like bottles, containers, and other items. In this method, pressurized gas is blown into a melted preform or what is called a parison. The preform slowly expands until it is pressed against the surface of the mold cavity where it slowly takes its final form.
Plastic mouldings can also be produced through a compression technique. This process is one the most common and cheapest way of producing plastic parts, wherein a melted plastic resin is placed into the cavity of an open mold. The mold is then closed with a plug and pressure is applied until the resin takes shape and solidifies to achieve its final desired form.
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